|Senator for Tasmania|
1 July 1985 – 1 March 1990
|Succeeded by||Robert Bell|
15 October 1932 |
Norman Karl Sanders (born 15 October 1932) is an Australian former politician, representing the Australian Democrats in the Tasmanian House of Assembly from 1980 to 1982 and the Australian Senate from 1985 to 1990.
Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Sanders served in the United States Air Force from 1950 to 1952. He worked as an Alaskan bush pilot and later, an aerospace engineer. He completed a Bachelor of Science degree at the University of Alaska, a Master of Arts at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a PhD at the University of Tasmania in 1968 as a Fulbright Scholar. Upon returning to the United States, he became an assistant professor of geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He was very active in the battle to stop offshore oil drilling, was on the board of directors of GET OIL OUT! (GOO!) and a founding director of Western Citizens for Environmental Defense, which conducted environmental legal actions. He was a member of the International Council of Environmental Law, Bonn, Germany. He was also deeply involved in the campaign to pass Proposition 20, the California Coastal Initiative. Sanders sailed across the Pacific to Tasmania in 1974. On the voyage, he and his crew became witnesses in the Palmyra murders described by Vincent Bugliosi in his book And the Sea Will Tell.
In Tasmania, he first worked as a TV journalist on the ABC program This Day Tonight and later became involved in the nascent environmental movement, becoming the inaugural director of The Wilderness Society and writing two books on environmental issues.
A decision by the Tasmanian government to dam the Franklin River led Sanders to become a leader of the opposition movement to the proposed dam and, representing the Australian Democrats, was elected to the Tasmanian House of Assembly as the Member for Denison at a 1980 by-election— Australia's first parliamentarian to be elected on an environmental platform. In parliament, Sanders was a key player in the campaign to save the Franklin River and successfully moved a motion of no confidence in the Holgate Labor government in March 1982, forcing an early election.
In the early 1980s, Sanders lobbied to bring in water bombers to fight Tasmanian bushfires. Although he was unsuccessful (the idea was poo-pooed as unsuitable for "Australian conditions"), many years later this became standard practice.
On 23 December 1982, Sanders resigned from the Tasmanian Parliament, claiming that the government was becoming totalitarian in nature over the Franklin Dam issue and, in particular, the way Franklin Dam protestors were being treated.
Sanders spent the next few years as a small businessman, selling an ecologically sound, efficient wood heater of his own design called the "Sanders Hot Prospect Stove" from the back of a truck at the Salamanca Market. He then turned his attention to federal politics and was elected as a Democrats senator at the 1984 election on an environmental platform, his term commencing on 1 July 1985. He was the only person to represent the Australian Democrats in both a state parliament and the Federal Parliament. Sanders is one of only three Americans (along with King O'Malley and Bob Charles) to have been elected to the Australian parliament.
He was a member of an Australian parliamentary delegation to the Soviet Union, where he had talks with Andrei Gromyko about nuclear disarmament. The delegation then proceeded to Poland to meet with General Wojciech Jaruzelski. He also was on delegations to NATO, Finland, Norway, Uzbekistan, the European Parliament, France, Belgium, and China. He was re-elected at the 1987 election but resigned from the Senate on 1 March 1990 in order to contest a Senate position in the Australian Capital Territory at the 1990 federal election. He was unsuccessful.
Following his defeat, Sanders lectured in Human Ecology at the Australian National University. He unsuccessfully contested the House of Representatives seat of Eden-Monaro (NSW) for the Democrats at the 1993 federal election.
Sanders is an experienced mountaineer and skier. He was a member of the twelfth party to climb Mount McKinley in 1954, and climbed a number of other high peaks in Alaska and Canada. He was on the professional ski patrol at Alta, Utah and a member of the UCLA ski team.
A keen sea kayaker, he designed two commercially built sea kayaks, the Inuit Classic and the Inuit Explorer. He is a past president of the New South Wales Sea Kayak Club.
Sanders currently lives near Byron Bay, New South Wales, where he conducts charter flights in self-launching gliders. He is married to animal rights activist and journalist Sue Arnold, and has one daughter, Cristina, and two grandchildren who presently live in San Francisco.
- Norman, J. (2004) Bob Brown: Gentle Revolutionary, Allen & Unwin, Sydney. ISBN 1-74114-466-3.
- Sanders, N. "Reclaiming History: The Democrats contribution to Environmental Politics Janine Haines Lecture, Hobart 2003. Accessed 8 October 2006.
- Mosler, D. & Catley, B. (1998) America and Americans in Australia, Praeger Publishers, Westport, Connecticut. ISBN 0-275-96252-0.