|Sir Norman Bottomley|
18 September 1891|
Ripponden, Yorkshire, England
|Died||13 August 1970(aged 78)|
|Service/branch|| British Army (1914–18)
Royal Air Force (1918–48)
|Years of service||1914–1948|
|Rank||Air Chief Marshal|
|Commands held||Inspector-General of the RAF
No. 5 Group
No. 1 (Indian) Group
No. 4 Squadron
|Battles/wars||First World War
Second World War
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Air Force Cross
Mention in Despatches (5)
Legion of Merit (United States)
|Other work||Director of Administration at the BBC (1948–56)|
Air Chief Marshal Sir Norman Howard Bottomley KCB, CIE, DSO, AFC, RAF (18 September 1891 – 13 August 1970) was the Yorkshire-born successor to Arthur 'Bomber' Harris as Commander-in-Chief of RAF Bomber Command in 1945.
Born in Yorkshire, Bottomley was educated at Halifax School and the University of Rennes in Brittany before being commissioned into the East Yorkshire Regiment in 1914 during World War I. He served with his Regiment until transferring to the Royal Flying Corps in 1915 and becoming a pilot with No. 47 Squadron.
Between the wars Bottomley's appointments included service in the Middle East and the command of No. 4 (AC) Squadron RAF from 1928 and No. 1 (Indian) Group from 1934. Bottomley was Senior Air Staff Officer at Bomber Command headquarters between 1938 and 1940, continuing in that role at the start of World War II, and was then appointed Air Officer Commanding No. 5 Group in November 1940. He was moved to Deputy Chief of the Air Staff in 1941 and then Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operations) in 1942 before reverting to Deputy Chief of the Air Staff in 1943. On 15 September 1945, he followed Sir Arthur 'Bomber' Harris as Commander-in-Chief Bomber Command, retaining command until 16 January 1947.
Honours and awards
- Air Force Cross – 2 November 1918
- Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire – 11 May 1937
- Distinguished Service Order – 21 December 1937
- Companion of the Order of the Bath – 17 March 1941
- Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath – 8 June 1944
- Mention in Despatches – 12 November 1937, 18 February 1938, 14 June 1938, 1 January 1941
- Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States) – 9 Oct 1945
- Air of Authority "Air Chief Marshal Sir Norman Bottomley". A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- Low Conspiracy? – Government interference in the BBC1
- The London Gazette: . 1 November 1918. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 11 May 1937. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 21 December 1937. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 17 March 1941. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- 1940 Photographs of Bottomley held by the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Letter from Bufton to Bottomley re Dambusters Raid
|Air Officer Commanding No. 5 Group
|Deputy Chief of the Air Staff
From 3 May 1942 to 30 Jul 1943 the post was titled Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operations)
1 June 1941 – 15 September 1945
Sir Albert Durston
Sir Arthur Harris
|Commander-in-Chief Bomber Command
Sir Hugh Saunders
Sir Arthur Barratt
|Inspector-General of the RAF
Sir George Pirie