Norman Dike

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Norman Dike
Birth name Norman Staunton Dike, Jr.
Nickname(s) "Foxhole Norman"
Born (1918-05-19)19 May 1918
Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.
Died 23 June 1989(1989-06-23) (aged 71)
Rolle, Switzerland
Resting Place West Thompson Cemetery, Thompson, Windham County, Connecticut
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch Seal of the United States Department of War.png United States Army
Years of service 1942-1945 (active)
1945–1957 (active reserve)
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant colonel
Unit Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division

World War II

Awards Silver Star
Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Cluster
Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster
Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands)[1]
Relations -Norman S. Dike, Sr. (father)
-Evelyn M. Biddle (mother)
-Barbara Tredick Dimmick McIntire (wife, 21 June 1942)
-Catherine Pochon (wife, 12 March 1957)
-Robin Dike Sedgwick (daughter, b. 23 March 1943[2])
-Deborah Ann Dike (daughter, b. 7 April 1958[3])
-Anthony Randolph Dike (son, b. 10 August 1959[4])
Other work U.S. Uranium Company, United Western Minerals Company

Norman Staunton Dike, Jr. (19 May 1918 – 23 June 1989[1]) was a United States Army officer who later served in the U.S. Army Reserve. During World War II he was a lieutenant and captain in the 101st Airborne Division, where one assignment was Company Commander of Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment.

Early life and education[edit]

Dike was the son of Norman Staunton Dike, a New York State Supreme Court judge, and Evelyn M. Biddle.[5] He was a 1937 graduate of St. Paul's School. In May 1939, Dike's parents divorced and his mother married Randolph Chandler of Thompson, Connecticut in October of the same year. "Normand" Dike (mother: "Eveylen" Chandler) was listed on the 1940 United States Census as having been a resident of Thompson for at least five years. He was a 1941 graduate of Brown University.[1][5][6] He studied at Yale Law School prior to June 1942, but did not graduate before entering the US Army. He married Barbara Tredick Dimmick McIntire on 20 June 1942.[5]



Dike was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the US Army in August 1941.[5]

World War II[edit]

Lieutenant Dike volunteered for active duty in early 1942.[5] By July 1942, he was assigned to the 101st Cavalry Regiment.[7]

During Operation Market Garden, Dike, who by then had been promoted to first lieutenant, was assigned as the assistant S-2 (Intelligence Officer) of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment.[8] Dike was awarded a Bronze Star for his action at Uden, Holland, with the 101st Airborne Division between 23 and 25 September 1944, in which he “organized and led scattered groups of parachutists in the successful defense of an important road junction on the vital Einhoven (sic)-Arnhem Supply Route against superior and repeated attacks, while completely surrounded."[6]

During the first week of November 1944, after Lieutenant "Moose" Heyliger, who was commanding Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, was accidentally shot by a member of Easy Company, Dike was transferred from Division headquarters to replace Heyliger as company commander. Captain Richard Winters, who was the former commander of E Company and was then serving as executive officer of the 2nd Battalion, described Dike as being tall, slim and good-looking and having a military bearing.[9] Winters later wrote of Dike as being an inexperienced officer whom his superiors believed needed exposure to the front line.[10] Lieutenant Edward Shames did not believe that Dike and some other officers were concerned about casualties but did not explain the basis for his opinion.[11] Dike acquired the pejorative nickname of "Foxhole Norman" among the members of Easy Company.[12][13]

After the siege of Bastogne was broken on 27 December 1944, operations began to retake the territory lost to the Axis during the Battle of the Bulge.

Dike was awarded a second Bronze Star for his action at Bastogne, in which "he personally removed from an exposed position, in full enemy view, three wounded members of his company, while under intense small arms fire" on 3 January 1945.[6]

In preparation for the 13 January 1945 attack on Foy, Belgium, E Company was attached to the 3rd Battalion, 506th PIR.[14] Division Headquarters ordered the attack to begin at 0900 hours. During the assault, Dike led Easy Company forward then ordered 1st platoon (Lieutenant Jack Foley) to the left and lost contact with Foley. Dike ordered the remainder company to take cover after coming under fire. With the unit unable to proceed, his subordinates informed him they were going to get killed because they were sitting ducks. At the same time, Winters tried radioing him to tell him the same thing. [15]

Carwood Lipton, at that time the company's first sergeant, described Dike as having "fallen apart."[15] Clancy Lyall stated that he saw that Dike had been wounded in his right shoulder and that it was the wound, not panic, that caused Dike to stop. Winters sent First Lieutenant Ronald Speirs to relieve Dike of his responsibility for the attack and complete it. Dike returned to the rear in the company of a medic; Winters ignored Dike. Foy was secured by 1300 hours.[16]

During the evening of 13 January, Winters recommended and Colonel Robert Sink approved permanently replacing Dike with Speirs.[16] Dike was transferred to 506th Regimental Headquarters to become an assistant operations officer.[10]

Dike then moved on to become, as a captain, an aide to General Maxwell Taylor, Commanding General, 101st Airborne Division.[10][17]


After World War II, Dike remained in the U.S. Army Reserve and served during the Korean War, eventually attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel. He resigned his commission in 1957.[1]

Later life and death[edit]

Dike received his law degree from Yale Law School in 1947, became a member of the New York Bar in 1949 and the District of Columbia Bar in 1954. From 1950–1953, he was a U.S. Commissioner in Japan. He also worked for the Central Intelligence Agency from 1951–1953. He then practiced law in New York City and in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the legal fraternity Phi Delta Phi.[18]

In 1954, Dike moved to New Mexico to prospect for uranium.[19] He was an officer of the U.S. Uranium Company, United Western Minerals Company and other oil and mining interests in Santa Fe, New Mexico, and Las Vegas, Nevada.[1] On 12 March 1957, Dike wed Catherine Pochon; his residences were listed as Thompson, Connecticut, and Santa Fe.[20] In October 1958 Dike was elected to the Board of Trustees of the Theodore Roosevelt Association. He visited to Thompson, Connecticut and Providence in November 1958. In 1959, Dike, his wife and baby left Santa Fe for Switzerland; it was his intention to study at the International School of Law at The Hague. Dike resigned his positions as vice president and comptroller of United Western Minerals Company in Santa Fe but continued as a director.[21] By 1959, he had established a law practice in Lausanne, Switzerland.[22] In 1960, Dike became a permanent resident of Switzerland.[1]

Dike died in Rolle, Switzerland, on 23 June 1989 after a long illness.[1] He was survived by his daughter Deborah.[23]

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Obituary - St Paul's School
  2. ^ Daughter to Norman Dikes Jr.
  3. ^ Births
  4. ^ Bureau of Vital Statistics
  5. ^ a b c d e Narrative of Anthony Dike
  6. ^ a b c Alumni in the Limelight
  7. ^ Bliss
  8. ^ Kosimaki
  9. ^ Ambrose 1992, p. 166
  10. ^ a b c Winters
  11. ^ Gardner p. 183
  12. ^ Guarnere, Heffron & Post 2008, p. 147
  13. ^ Guarnere, Heffron & Post 2008, p. 160
  14. ^ Sink
  15. ^ a b Ambrose 1992, pp. 209–217
  16. ^ a b Alexander pp. 251—253
  17. ^ Ambrose 1992, p. 250
  18. ^ Member Search Results
  19. ^ Brunonians Far and Near 54
  20. ^ Mrs. Pochon is wed to Norman Dike Jr.
  21. ^ Brunonians Far and Near 58
  22. ^ Brunonians Far and Near 59
  23. ^ Obituaries