September 15, 1940 |
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||City College of New York|
Norman Richard Spinrad (born September 15, 1940) is an American science fiction author, essayist, and critic. His fiction has won the Prix Apollo and been nominated for numerous awards, including the Hugo Award and multiple Nebula Awards.
Born in New York City, Spinrad is a graduate of the Bronx High School of Science. In 1957 he entered City College of New York and graduated in 1961 with a Bachelor of Science degree as a pre-law major. He has lived in San Francisco, Los Angeles, London, Paris, and New York. He married fellow novelist N. Lee Wood in 1990; they divorced in 2005. Spinrad served as President of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA) from 1980 to 1982 and again from 2001 to 2002. He has also worked as a radio phone show host, a vocal artist, a literary agent, and President of World SF.
How much science fiction is being published now that's set in worlds that are better than ours? Not that have bigger shopping malls or faster space ships, but where the characters are morally superior, where the society works better, is more just? Not many. It becomes difficult to do it, and that's a feedback relationship with what's happening in the culture, with science fiction being the minor note. People don't credit it anymore! Not just better gizmos and more virtual reality gear, but better societies. People don't believe the future will be a better place. And that is very scary.
According to critic Galen Strickland, "Spinrad has never taken the easy course of artistic repetition, nor tailored his thoughts to the dictates of any editor. Each of his books are unique, and explore avenues of thought and speculation few others have traveled. Sex and power are usually his primary themes".[this quote needs a citation] Consciousness altering drugs often feature prominently in his stories. According to Spinrad:
If there's one gaping void in the story of American literary history in the second half of the twentieth century as currently promulgated, it's the influence of grass and psychedelic drugs, not only on the lives of writers, but on the content of what's been written, and on the form and style too. It's hard to be critically or biographically courageous when so much creative work was done under the influences of jailable offenses.
Spinrad has been called "perhaps the most controversial American component of SF's New Wave movement of the mid-to-late '60s, and if such an idea is conceivable, has probably irritated and offended as many readers and critics as has Ellison". Spinrad has often had problems finding publishers for his novels. He had difficulty finding a publisher willing to print Bug Jack Barron as a book. Publisher Michael Moorcock printed the novel in installments in the magazine New Worlds. The newsstand company WHSmith refused to distribute one of the issues because of the installment of Spinrad's novel. The British Arts Council, which subsidized New Worlds, put public pressure on WHSmith and forced the company to distribute the issue. This led to denunciations of Spinrad, The Arts Council, and New Worlds in the British Parliament.
Spinrad could not find an American publisher for his 2007 novel Osama the Gun. "[O]ne rejection letter, foaming at the mouth, declared that no American publisher would touch it." He decided to self-publish the novel as an e-book.
Bug Jack Barron
Bug Jack Barron (1969), a pre-cyberpunk tale of a cynical, exploitative talk-show host who gradually uncovers a conspiracy concerning an immortality treatment and the methods used in that treatment, was serialised in the British magazine New Worlds during Michael Moorcock's editorship. With its explicit language and cynical attitude to politicians, it roused one British Member of Parliament's ire at the magazine's partial funding by the British Arts Council. A memorable quote from this novel is, "The saddest day of your life isn't when you decide to sell out. The saddest day of your life is when you decide to sell out and nobody wants to buy."
The Iron Dream
The Iron Dream (1972) is an alternate history novel, the bulk of which consists of a fictional fantasy classic entitled Lord of the Swastika, written by one Adolf Hitler, who in the novel is a sci-fi writer. The remainder of the book is critical commentary on the text. According to an article attributed to Spinrad, the book was banned for eight years in Germany, but was finally exonerated after appeals. More accurately, the sale of the book was permitted, but the public display of the book or its covers was prohibited, despite the fact that there were no swastikas on the cover of the indexed first German edition. The Iron Dream won a Prix Tour-Apollo Award, and was nominated for an American Book Award.
A World Between
A World Between (1979) tells of a mildly turbulent period on the planet of Pacifica, a eutopic, democratic electronically mediated society, on which lands a ship from each of the two factions in the "Pink and Blue War": the patronisingly paternalistic Institute of Transcendental Science on the one side, and the rabidly man-hating lesbian Femocrats on the other. Nobody suffers a worse fate than political embarrassment, and status quo is restored by the simple fact of Pacifican society being better than that of either of the off-world factions.
Child of Fortune
Child of Fortune (1985) deals with the adventures of a young woman, Moussa, in her search for her true calling. In Moussa's culture, young people of her age and class undertake a wanderjahr during which they wander from planet to planet, free to go wherever and do whatever they wish. While on their travels they are known as Children of Fortune, and are treated with indulgence and kindness by most in memory of their own wanderjahr. The Children of Fortune blend elements of gypsies, hippies of 1960s America, and other groups and legends, including Peter Pan. While some parents give their children a great deal of money for the trip, Moussa's parents believe that she will learn more with a true wanderjahr rather than a subsidized tour, so they give her nothing but a voucher for a one-way ticket home. Moussa becomes a "ruespieler" or storyteller, and takes the name "Wendy" in honor of Pater Pan, the man she meets, loves, and loses during her wanderjahr. The wanderjahr bears a superficial resemblance to the Grand Tour which many upper-class young men undertook after finishing school, the difference being that Children of Fortune are expected to have explored themselves as well as the world during their travels, and to come home knowing who they are and what place they want for themselves.
The Druid King
Film and television
Spinrad wrote the script for an episode of the original Star Trek television series entitled "The Doomsday Machine" (1967). He also wrote an unproduced Star Trek script for Star Trek: Phase II. He also wrote episodes for Land of the Lost and Werewolf.
He has been credited as a writer on two feature films, La sirène rouge and Druids. Universal Pictures bought the film rights to Bug Jack Barron, and Costa-Gavras was slated to direct. Harlan Ellison wrote an early version of the script, but the movie was never made.
- The Solarians (1966)
- Agent of Chaos (1967)
- The Men in the Jungle (1967)
- Bug Jack Barron (1969)
- The Iron Dream (1972)
- Passing Through the Flame (1975)
- Riding the Torch (1978)
- A World Between (1979)
- Songs from the Stars (1980)
- The Mind Game (1980)
- The Void Captain's Tale (1983)
- Child of Fortune (1985)
- Little Heroes (1987)
- Children of Hamelin (1991)
- Russian Spring (1991)
- Deus X (1993)
- Pictures at 11 (1994)
- Journals of the Plague Years (1995)
- Greenhouse Summer (1999)
- He Walked Among Us (2003)
- The Druid King (2003)
- Mexica (2005)
- Osama the Gun (2007)
His short story "Down the Rabbit Hole" (1966) was published in the anthology The War Book (edited by James Sallis, 1969).
"The Weed of Time" was published in Anne McCaffrey's collection of Science Fiction/Fantasy tales Alchemy & Academe (1970).
- The Last Hurrah of the Golden Horde (1970)
- No Direction Home (May 1975)
- The Star-Spangled Future (1979)
- Other Americas (1988)
- Vampire Junkies (1994)
- "The Doomsday Machine" (Star Trek: The Original Series)
- "Tag Team" (Land of the Lost)
- "Grey Wolf" (Werewolf)
- Science Fiction in the Real World. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1990.
- "Norman Spinrad". The New York Times..
- Contemporary Authors, Vol. 233. Detroit: Gale, 2005. pp. 358–408 at 366
- Mythmakers and Lawbreakers: Anarchist Writers on Fiction by Margaret Killjoy. AK Press, 2009 (p. 205)
- Wendy E. Erisman (Winter 1995). "Inverting the ideal world: carnival and the carnivalesque in contemporary utopian science fiction". Extrapolation 36 (4): 333.
- "Norman Spinrad: The Transformation Crisis". Locus Magazine. February 1999.
- Contemporary Authors, Vol. 233. Detroit: Gale, Autobiographical Essay, 2005. pp. 358–408 at 366
- Cat Rambo, An Interview with Norman Spinrad, Anarchist, SFWA Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America
- The World Hitler never made: Alternate History and the memory of Nazism by Gavriel David Rosenfeld. Cambridge University Press, 2005 (pp. 287–293)
- Norman Spinrad on SF, Iron Dreams and commercial censorship, Zauberspiegel Online, interview by Geschrieben von Uwe Weiher and Horst von Allwörden
- Bookreporter review of The Druid King
- BUG JACK BARRON, The (not) Film, Norman Spinrad on YouTube
- Norman Spinrad's homepage
- Spinrad Talks about "The Doomsday Machine"
- Norman Spinrad at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Norman Spinrad at the Internet Movie Database
- Norman Spinrad on the non-making of the movie "Bug Jack Barron" on YouTube
- Norman Spinrad's channel on YouTube
- Complete shareware text of the novel He Walked Among Us
- Works by Norman Spinrad at Project Gutenberg