Normanby Island (Papua New Guinea)

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Normanby
Normanby Island (PNG) Topography.png
Topographic map of Normanby Island
Normanby Island (Papua New Guinea) is located in Papua New Guinea
Normanby Island (Papua New Guinea)
Normanby Island (Papua New Guinea)
Geography
Coordinates 10°S 151°E / 10°S 151°E / -10; 151
Archipelago D'Entrecasteaux Islands
Area 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,158 m (3,799 ft)
Highest point Prevost Range
Country
Papua New Guinea
Province Milne Bay Province
Largest settlement Esa’ala

Normanby Island is a volcanic, 400 square mile (1,000 square km), L-shaped island, the southern most island in the D'Entrecasteaux Islands group. It is part of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea.

Normanby Island is 10 miles (16 km) north-east of East Cape, on the island of New Guinea, separated by Goschen Strait, and is separated by the Dawson Strait (Dobu Passage) from Fergusson Island. The island rises to 3,800 feet (1,158 metres) in the Prevost Range in the southeast. The terrain includes low coastal plains and swamplands, high mountains and steep coastal slopes. Sewa Bay provides shelter on the west coast and Awaiara (Sewataitai) Bay on the east coast. The largest settlement, and district headquarters, is Esa’ala at the island’s northern end.

In 1873, the island was visited by British Captain John Moresby, commanding HMS Basilisk, who named it after the Marquess of Normanby, George Augustus Constantine Phipps, a governor of Queensland, Australia.

Once known to produce gold, Normanby now exports copra and some timber. Recent discoveries of gold deposits are beginning to be exploited. Coordinates: 10°00′S 151°00′E / 10.000°S 151.000°E / -10.000; 151.000