Normandy war memorial
Normandy shown within Surrey
|Area||16.37 km2 (6.32 sq mi)|
|Population||2,981 (Civil Parish)|
|– density||182/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Normandy is a civil parish of 16.37 square kilometres (4,050 acres) in the borough of Guildford in Surrey, England and the name of the largest village in that parish. Almost surrounded by its hill ranges, Normandy is in the plain west of Guildford, straddles the A323 'Aldershot Road' and is north of the narrowest part the North Downs known as the Hog's Back which carries a dual carriageway. The parish in 2011 had a population of 2,981 living in 1,310 households, has woods, a public common and four government-operated commons to the north that are an SSSI heath. Normandy has been home to a number of notable residents, including William Cobbett.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Localities
- 3 History
- 4 Within Normandy
- 5 Events in Normandy
- 6 Education
- 7 Politics
- 8 Demography and housing
- 9 Nearest settlements
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
As well as the village of Normandy clustered around the crossroads of the Guildford-Aldershot Road (the A323), Hunts Hill Road and Glaziers Lane, the parish also includes Christmas Pie, Willey Green, Wyke, Flexford and Pinewoods. These hamlets, although distinct, are strung together in a swathe of development with largely residential use apart from Pinewoods that is separated by much open land and is close to Ash near to Aldershot. Normandy Common has a picnic site and stream with a path west that leads to Normandy Hill, Wyke overlooking parts of all the heath of nearby commons but not restricted. Four joint commons are north of the partly wooded promontory: Ash, Wyke, Cleygate and Pirbright, an SSSI but also a non-public access Danger Area, in use by the M.O.D.
In the south of the parish, touching an arm of Normandy village and all of Flexford (another clustered development), stands Wanborough railway station, so-called because the owner of the land, diplomat and civil servant Algernon West lived in Wanborough 1 mile (1.6 km) south. Development locally is restricted as the village lies within the Metropolitan Green Belt. Little woods and acid heathland including Normandy Common are scattered in the north; to the south is mainly arable farmland.
Flexford / Christmas Pie
Flexford in the south was once called Flaxford, itself a corruption of "flax vard", meaning flax meadows by a stream. The ancient industry here was the creation of linen from flax.
Flexford is, bar a few outlying buildings, one almost inextricable, contiguous settlement with Christmas Pie and the station and train line to the north of this private estate passes over the Normandy road, residential all the way to Normandy village centre — unusually named Wanborough railway station instead of Flexford and Normandy — for a purely historical reason connected with Lord Wanborough, see Wanborough.
Flexford has a population of 1,163. Flexford's businesses include a garage, and carpentry and roofing contractor firm. Nearby Wood Street Village presents more options, and Guildford is accessible by car or bus — the 694 school bus runs from Christmas Pie via Puttenham to Broadwater School, and the 520 runs five buses per day both ways between Aldershot and Guildford via Flexford. Flexford is part of one of two wards that are within the Guildford borough but are represented by the Member of Parliament for Woking.
Christmas Pie adjoins Flexford on a wide boundary. Christmas Pie owes its curious name to property owned by a prominent local family named Christmas. There are many references to this family in the Court records of the Manor of Cleygate which date back to 1513 in the reign of King Henry VIII. Christmases are often noted as serving as members of the Homage which was the Jury of the Court. The "Pie" comes from the Saxon term "pightel" or "pightle" meaning a small piece of arable land. Until this was built up during the 1920s, a small field, Pie Field was near the Christmas Pie crossroads. This tiny settlement spans the extreme southern border with Wanborough.
The western part of the parish is Wyke. This appeared in the Domesday Book as Wucca, a hide (approximately 120 acres) held by Godric from Earl Roger. The Domesday Book mentioned a hall which is thought to have been where East Wyke Farm now stands and where remains of Surrey White Ware pottery have been found. Names such as Wuccha, Wicca, Week and Wick have been used, some of which are preserved in place names in the hamlet (such as Weekwood). Finally Wyke was settled upon, and this too is the name of the ecclesiastical parish that has covered Normandy since 1847, that of St Mark's Wyke.
This more remote western area developed around the beerhouse called the Nightingale in the far west of the parish in the nineteenth century. The woods from which it derives its name are only to be found to the north of the hamlet and this hamlet developed in isolation from the rest of the parish and is still separated from the other hamlets by open land. The buildings of the Nightingale pub remain, now home to an Indian restaurant.
Willey Green is in part at the lowest point of the parish and was once prone to flooding. Being so located made this area damp and ideal conditions for willow trees to grow and this is where the hamlet derives its name, as the place where willows grow. Now the easternmost part of the hamlet, until the twentieth century it was the westernmost portion of the neighbouring parish of Worplesdon.
Westwood was once a western locality of Normandy, like Willey Green within Worplesdon, but has almost fallen out of use.
As a parish, the history of Normandy is the combined history of its constituent hamlets which in modern times include Christmas Pie, Flexford, Willey Green, Wyke, Pinewoods and Normandy proper.
The derivation of the village name of Normandy itself is the least sure. The public house called the Duke of Normandy, built in the 1860s, is named after the village rather than a similar source to the village name. It has been suggested that the monks of the Abbey of Waverley named the village after their homeland in northern France because it resembled Normandy's countryside in appearance. However, the Abbey's lands did not extend to Normandy. The court records of the Manor of Cleygate, dating from 1513, first mention Normandy in 1604 when referring to the Normandy Causeway, which had previously been called the Frimsworth Causeway. In the same year a garden in Normandy is referred to. Frimsworth was an older recorded settlement name, and had also been known as Frymsworth and Frymlesworth. However, it coexisted for some time with the village of Normandy and historians are satisfied that the two names referred to different parts of the parish. Frimsworth itself no longer exists as an appellation for any area of the village, but was located between Normandy and Willey Green. Normandy originally referred to the area around Normandy Common and the manor house known as Normandy Farm, once leased to William Cobbett. Local historians have suggested that Normandy Common may be the same common referred to in Cleygate records as a part of the Manor in the north and west "lately called Noebodies Common." Such an appellation would be applied because the area was on the boundary of two manors and as such might also be referred to as "No Man's Land" which they speculate has been corrupted to Normandy.
There is evidence on the parishes eastern border of Romano-British occupation in the form of temple remains. In late Saxon England the lands were within the holdings of Earl Godwin, father of King Harold Godwinson. Later, the Domesday Book in its account of the manor of Henley (now represented only by the Henley Park manor house) records that the manor covered large parts of what is now Normandy, as well as Ash; Normandy though was not mentioned by name, the name not being known in the records until 1604. The lands remained within the ancient manor of Henley until the end of the 14th century. At this time the manor of Cleygate began to be carved out of the manor of Henley. As a manor, Cleygate is first mentioned when Henry VI granted the manor to his uterine brother, Jasper the Earl of Pembroke. After Jasper was attainted by Edward IV his lands were forfeited, but were passed back to him in 1485 when his attainder was reversed. After that, the Manor passed through a number of hands, reverting to the crown on more than one occasion.
History since 1876
By the time the final part of the Manor of Cleygate was sold to the War Department in 1876, most of the Manor had been sold to private individuals, and that included much of what is now the parish of Normandy. The three private estates making up the parish were those of Henley Park, Westwood and Normandy Park. Normandy Farm was the final home of the early 19th century radical reformer and agrarian William Cobbett, the author of Rural Rides.
Into the twentieth century Normandy retained is agricultural base. The locality of Normandy was considered for the site of a "New Town" to be called "New Norman" in the 1943 Town and Country Plan produced by the Surrey Federation of Labour Parties. However, this did not come to pass and the village into the twenty-first century remains protected within London's green belt.
On 3 August 2007 the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) confirmed that cattle on farmland within the parish were found to be infected with foot-and-mouth disease. This was the first outbreak of its kind in the UK for six years.
In its rural setting, many footpaths, bridleways and other small roads suitable for horse riding, cycling and walking criss-cross the parish. Normandy is the start point of the Christmas Pie trail which leads into Guildford through woods, commons and meadows. Normandy has many local clubs (especially sport) set up throughout the village. These include:
Normandy Tennis Club, Normandy Train Club, Normandy Historians, Normandy Cricket Club, Normandy Football Club, Normandy Youth Club–The N-Factor Normandy Scouts and Normandy Archery. Normandy lacks any shops for the purchase of food and other essentials, following the closure of several village shops in 2002. The village was home to one pub, the Duke of Normandy until 2012 when it finally closed. Now it boasts a music and lighting shop, Session Music, specialising in karaoke, as well as Normandy Garage.
Events in Normandy
Normandy has an annual Guy Fawkes Night firework display located in a field at the back of The Elms Centre on Glaziers Lane. Car parking is available at The Elms Centre car park during this time. The event usually takes place on the 5th November every year. During the event, volunteers parade down a bridleway next to the field holding torches, and throw the torches onto the large bonfire to light it. The fireworks are all set off by hand, not by electronics.
Wyke Primary School, founded in 1875, is a school for boys and girls aged 4–11. It is situated on the outskirts of Normandy village and welcomes children from the local community and from the surrounding areas. The current headteacher is Sue Heath and the chair of Governors is Sue Higham. The school has received good OFSTED reports, and enjoys the support of a parent's association called 'The Friends' who fundraise for the school.
To Surrey County Council, elections are also every four years:
There is also an elected Normandy parish council comprising seven members.
|Normandy Parish Council Election 2011|
|Elected Normandy Independent Party Councillors||Votes|
Demography and housing
In 2011 the population was 2,981 living in 1,310 households. The area is one of the largest civil parishes in Surrey; it stood at 16.37 square kilometres (4,050 acres).
The civil parish was created in 1955, from Ash and Normandy see Ash. Figures are therefore only produced for 1951 and 1961 and after the gap of censuses from ONS data. In the mid twentieth century Flexford and Christmas Pie were not in the parish.
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||Shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
|Ash||Wood Street Village|
|Ash Green, Tongham||Wanborough||Guildford|
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Normandy in Surrey Antiquities and Peculiarities of Normandy - Why is Christmas Pie so called?
- Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
- Surrey County Council compilations of ONS data by largest settlements
- Surrey Side Autohaus
- Google Maps businesses directory
- 694 Bus Schedule - Surrey County Council
- Dictionary of English Place Names, A. D. Mills, ISBN 0-19-280074-4
- Vision of Britain The University of Portsmouth and others. Retrieved 30 October 2013
- Normandy in Surrey Antiquities and Peculiarities of Normandy, Why is "NORMANDY" so called?
- www.normandyhistorians.co.uk Normandy in Surrey, A DICTIONARY OF PLACE AND HOUSE NAMES WITH THEIR DERIVATIONS
- Surrey Federation of Labour Parties, A Town and Country Plan for Surrey, 1943
- "Foot and Mouth Disease confirmed in cattle, in Surrey". DEFRA. 2007-08-03. Archived from the original on 2007-08-19. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
- "Further farms tested for disease". BBC News. 2007-08-04. Retrieved 2007-08-04.
- The N Factor
- Councillors Guildford Borough Council
- Parish Council page Guildford Borough Council
- Population - Vision of Britain The University of Portsmouth and others
- Boundary Map - Vision of Britain The University of Portsmouth and others
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Normandy, Surrey.|