Normans Kill

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Normans Kill
Normanskill Creek
River
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of New York.svg New York
Region Upstate New York
Metropolitan area Capital District
Counties Albany County
Schenectady County,
Schoharie County
Part of Hudson River Watershed
Tributaries
 - left Hunger Kill, Krum Kill
 - right Bozen Kill, Vly Creek
Source Darby Hill
 - location Duanesburg, near Delanson, Schenectady County, New York
Mouth Hudson River
 - location Bethlehem, Albany County, New York
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Length 45 mi (72 km)
Basin 170 sq mi (440 km2)
Discharge
 - average 150 cu ft/s (4 m3/s)
The Normans Kill basin encompasses
parts of three counties.
Basin [1]
Discharge [2]

The Normans Kill is a 45.4-mile-long (73.1 km)[3] creek in New York's Capital District located in Schenectady and Albany counties. It flows southeasterly from its source in the town of Duanesburg near Delanson to its mouth at the Hudson River in the town of Bethlehem. In the town of Guilderland, the stream is dammed to create the Watervliet Reservoir, a drinking water source for the city of Watervliet and the Town of Guilderland. A one megawatt hydrolectric plant at the damn provides power to pump water to the filtration plant.[4]

The Normans Kill has a drainage area of over 170 square miles (440 km2),[5] and includes portions of Schoharie County along with the counties in which the Normans Kill itself flows through.

The Normans Kill has been used historically as a source of water power during colonial times, during which many mills sprung up along its banks. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, blocks of ice were cut out of the creek for shipment to the city of New York as a form of early refrigeration. Its name is derived from the Dutch word for a Norwegian, the ethnicity of an early settler who owned mills at the mouth of the creek in the early 1600s, and the word kill, Dutch for creek. Earlier names of the stream include[6] Godyns Kil, Norman's Kill, Normans Kil, and the indigenous place name Ta-wa-sen-tha, Ta-wal-sou-tha, or Tawalsontha.

Geography[edit]

The Normans Kill is over 45 miles (72 km) long[3] with a basin that is over 170 square miles (440 km2).[1] The last 1-mile (1.6 km) is tidal.[7]

History[edit]

The Normans Kill is named for Albert Andriessen Bradt, a Norwegian immigrant to Rensselaerswyck. The creek is named for his Norwegian (Norman) heritage. He was one of the first Scandinavians to the Dutch colony of New Netherland. He was a tobacco planter and as such came to the area of the Normans Kill for that purpose. The tobacco which he planted of several years was never of any great quality, and he proceeded to construct two sawmills along the Normans Kill.[8]

Tributaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Schoharie River Environmental Study Team. "A Rapid Bio-Assessment of the Normanskill Creek Relative to the Duanesburg Sanitary Landfill". The Schoharie River Center. p. 3. 
  2. ^ "Coastal Fish & Wildlife Habitat Rating Form: Normans Kill". p. 2. 
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed October 3, 2011
  4. ^ "Watervliet Reservoir Watershed Protection Study". Capital District Regional Planning Commission. Retrieved 2/7/2013. 
  5. ^ New York State Coastal Fish & Wildlife Habitat Rating
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Normans Kill
  7. ^ Albany County Department of Economic Development, Conservation and Planning (2007). "Normans Kill Riparian Corridor Study". Audubon New York. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  8. ^ Evjen, John Oluf (1916). Scandinavian immigrants in New York, 1630-1674. K.C. Holter Publishing Company. pp. 19–26. 
  9. ^ Aboriginal place names of New York, by William Martin Beauchamp,page 20