||It has been suggested that Village Community School (Normanton) be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2012.|
Normanton shown within Derbyshire
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
|UK Parliament||Derby South|
Normanton is an inner city suburb of the city of Derby in Derbyshire, England, situated approximately two miles south of the city centre. Neighbouring suburbs include Littleover, Pear Tree and Sunny Hill.
The modern suburb grew from an ancient village, formerly known as Normanton-by-Derby. The area is thought to have been the site of one of the major Viking settlements in the Derby area, hence the original name, Normanestune, which means Norseman's settlement. Normanestune is mentioned twice in the Domesday Book, once recording the lands of the King and again for land belonging to Henry de Ferrers when it was valued at ten shillings.
The location of the original village lies just south of the modern ring road, its main thoroughfare commemorated by the present day Village Street. St Giles' Parish Church stands on Village Street, atop a slight hill, and its spire can be seen across most of the district. In the 1740s the Dixie family had Normanton Hall built; this was later used as a school building in the 20th century.
The portion of the district to the north of the ring road is properly called New Normanton, although in popular usage the name is rarely heard. The area began to urbanise rapidly in the mid 19th century, Normanton eventually being absorbed by the expansion of Derby's boundaries up to the 1930s. Much of the housing stock in the area is typical Victorian brick terracing.
Normanton is one of the seventeen wards which make up Derby, and as such elects three councillors to Derby City Council. As of the 2012 local elections, all three councillors for the area represent the Labour Party. Some parts of Normanton fall outside the ward boundaries; for example Normanton Road and much of New Normanton are in the Arboretum ward, while the area around Carlton Road is in Abbey ward.
Normanton was formerly a civil parish within the county of Derbyshire before being absorbed by the then county borough of Derby. The New Normanton part of the parish (roughly the area north of the modern inner ring road) was annexed by the town in 1901. The parish was finally abolished in 1928, most of the remainder becoming part of Derby, with some areas transferring to the adjacent parishes of Littleover and Sinfin Moor.
Modern Normanton has a high ethnic majority population, with the largest concentration of Derby's Asian community. Areas such as Normanton Road (the main thoroughfare leading to the centre of Derby) have numerous Asian shops, businesses, fast food outlets and in particular is well known for its range of Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi restaurants. Since the expansion of the European Union in 2004, there has been a noticeable influx of new immigrants to the area from various Eastern European countries.
Normanton has a wide number of places of worship, including the Guru Arjan Dev Gurdwara on Stanhope Street, the Singh Sabha Gurdwara on Prince's Street, the Ramgarhia Gurdwara on St. James's Street and the Guru Ravidass Gurdwara on Duncan Road. There are also many mosques in Normanton such as the mosque on Hastings Street, the Mosques on Western Road and Cameron Road, the mosque on Dairy House Road and the Mosque on Rosehill Street. There is also a Hindu temple on Pear Tree Road. There are various Christian churches meeting in the area, from mainstream Anglican and Roman Catholic congregations to free churches and newer house churches. There is a Polish church off St Chad's Road, a Ukrainian church off Dairyhouse Road, and a Serbian church off Dale Road.
A prominent local landmark was once the Normanton Barracks, headquarters of the Sherwood Foresters regiment. Demolished in 1981, the site is now the Foresters Leisure Park, including the Showcase cinema. Nearby is the Oast House pub, a notable modern building which is, as the name suggests, in the style of a traditional English oast house (a type of structure totally alien to this part of the country) and just along the ring road on Village Street, the Garrison Church, St Giles', where there are numerous memorials to Sherwood Foresters.
An important landmark in the Normanton area was the church on St Chad’s Road; however, this was demolished in the mid 90's and the area is now used as a playing field for children attending St Chad’s School. There is now a 'Faith Centre' next to the playing field.
The area's main public recreational facility is Normanton Park, opened in 1909; this date is proudly recorded on the clock-tower over the small building used as a tea room.
The Arboretum is an important landmark located in the area. It became the first public park in the country when it was given to the town of Derby by Joseph Strutt on Wednesday 16 September 1840. Parts of the park were used in Ken Russell's film of D. H. Lawrence's 'Women in Love'.
The Derbyshire Tennis Centre is adjacent to Normanton Park.
The Baseball Ground was built in the northern part of Normanton in 1890, first being the home of Derby County Baseball Club until they were disbanded in 1898. It remained open for the next 105 years, however, as Derby County Football Club had played football matches there since 1895 and despite the relocation of the first team to the new Pride Park Stadium in 1997, it remained in use until May 2003 for the club's reserve and youth sides. The stadium was demolished that autumn and the site has since been redeveloped for housing.
Peace activist Alice Wheeldon lived on Stanhope Street and later on Pear Tree Road, where her family home sheltered conscientious objectors avoiding conscription during the First World War.
Two of Derby County F.C.'s leading goalscorers, Steve Bloomer and Jack Bowers, lived in the area, close to the Baseball Ground. Bloomer lived for much of his life in the Normanton and Pear Tree areas, including both 34 and later 81 Cummings Street. Bowers lived for many years on Pear Tree Road.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Normanton, Derby.|
- Henry was given a large number of manors in Derbyshire including Arleston, Sinfin, Aston-on-Trent and Hartshorne.
- Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.742 and 9
- "Councillors". Derby City Council. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Normanton Ch/CP". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Streets decked in orange for Sikh celebrations in Normanton". Derby Telegraph. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- London Transport Biography