Normanton (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Normanton in West Yorkshire for the 2005 general election.
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford, Morley and Outwood and Wakefield|
|Created from||Southern West Riding of Yorkshire|
Normanton was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
The West Yorkshire constituency includes the towns of Normanton and Ossett and several villages. The area has a tradition of being working-class, but it has now become almost entirely gentrified as nearby Leeds has expanded as a financial centre.
The wards included are "Normanton and Sharlston" [the safest Labour ward], "Stanley and Outwood East", "Wrenthorpe and Outwood West", "Ossett" and "Horbury and South Ossett". Ossett is now actually the largest town in the area, due to its high growth in recent years. The Tory vote is very low in Normanton itself and in Ossett, but councillors have been elected for Horbury and for Wrenthorpe. Until recently the LibDems had all three councillors for the "Ossett" ward, but have never performed well in general elections, in this area. "Stanley and Outwood East" is a fairly safe Labour ward.
The constituency is nicknamed the banana constituency on account of its unusual shape.
The village of Altofts, located just to the north of Normanton, is currently included in the constituency, despite being part of a Castleford ward. The village is planned to move into a proposed "Pontefract and Castleford" seat. (but see below)
Following their review of parliamentary representation in West Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England had created a Normanton and Pontefract constituency. In late May 2006, the Commission published a revised recommendation changing the name of this constituency to Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford.
Local newspapers and the Labour Party opposed the initial change, but following a public consultation the Commission decided to create the seat conceding only a name change - from Pontefract and Castleford, to Normanton and Pontefract. This has now been extended to cover all three names. The wards of "Wrenthorpe and Outwood West" and "Stanley and Outwood East" - the most affluent part of the constituency - is set to be joined to the Conservative-leaning commuter town of Morley, which is in the Leeds district, in a Morley and Outwood constituency. Local groups and newspapers have protested that this represents a takeover of the Wakefield district by the Leeds district. Cynics reply that the Labour Party is worried that "Morley and Outwood" would be won the Conservatives. Ossett and Horbury are set for inclusion in the Wakefield constituency.
Members of Parliament
Ed Balls, the former Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families, represented the seat from the 2005 general election until 2010 when it was abolished.
|1904 by-election||William Parrott||Lib-Lab|
|1905 by-election||Frederick Hall||Lib-Lab then Labour|
|1933 by-election||Tom Smith||Labour|
|1947 by-election||George Sylvester||Labour|
|2005||Ed Balls||Labour Co-op|
|2010||constituency abolished : see Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford
and Morley and Outwood
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Normanton|
|Labour Co-op||Ed Balls||19,161||51.2||−4.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Simone Butterworth||6,357||17.0||+2.4|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|General Election 2001: Normanton|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Pearson||4,990||14.6||+2.2|
|Socialist Labour||Mick Appleyard||798||2.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1992: Normanton|
|Liberal Democrat||M Galdas||7,137||14.3||-2.1|
Elections in the 1940s
|Normanton by-election, 1947|
|Independent||Dr W.D. Hartley||579||2.4||N/A|
Notes and references
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- The Independent Labour Party and the Yorkshire Miners: The Barnsley By-Election of 1897: details on the Liberal-Labour movement in the area in the late 19th century