Normanton railway station

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Normanton National Rail
Normanton
Platform 1
Location
Place Normanton
Local authority City of Wakefield
Coordinates 53°42′02″N 1°25′25″W / 53.700490°N 1.423520°W / 53.700490; -1.423520Coordinates: 53°42′02″N 1°25′25″W / 53.700490°N 1.423520°W / 53.700490; -1.423520
Grid reference SE381228
Operations
Station code NOR
Managed by Northern Rail
Number of platforms 2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05   0.113 million
2005/06 Increase 0.129 million
2006/07 Increase 0.140 million
2007/08 Increase 0.145 million
2008/09 Increase 0.191 million
2009/10 Increase 0.192 million
2010/11 Increase 0.212 million
2011/12 Decrease 0.210 million
2012/13 Increase 0.240 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE West Yorkshire (Metro)
Zone 3
History
Original company North Midland Railway
Pre-grouping Midland Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
30 June 1840 Station opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Normanton from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
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Normanton railway station serves the town of Normanton in West Yorkshire, England. It lies 11 miles (18 km) south-east of Leeds railway station on the Hallam Line, which is operated by Northern Rail.

History[edit]

The original station was opened by the North Midland Railway (NMR) on 30 June 1840[1] (this was one day before nearby Castleford Railway Station which opened on 1 July 1840) on their main line towards Leeds, creating an interchange station between the North Midland Railway (NMR), the York and North Midland Railway (Y&NMR) and the Manchester and Leeds Railway (M&LR) - establishing a three company junction.

A 1912 Railway Clearing House Junction Diagram showing railways in the vicinity of Normanton

It became the focus of several railway lines in the mid-19th century. Construction began in 1837 under the supervision of George Stephenson for the North Midland. This was soon followed by an addition from the York and Midland Railway and then by the Manchester and Leeds line which all joined at Normanton thereby giving the town access to much of the country. The NMR, already open between Derby and Rotherham (Masborough), was opened between Rotherham and Leeds (Hunslet Lane) on 1 July 1840,[2] as was the Y&NMR between Normanton (on the NMR) and Burton Salmon (the line between Burton Salmon and York already being open).[3] The M&LR route between Normanton and Hebden Bridge followed, opening on 5 October 1840,[4] and on 1 March 1841, the final section of the M&LR route to Manchester was opened.[5] The Leeds and Manchester lines crossed a 51 miles (82 km) stretch across The Pennines and at the time boasted the world's longest railway station platform at Normanton – a quarter of a mile (400m) long.

In Victorian times Normanton station was one of the most important stations in northern England and can boast that Queen Victoria stopped over in The Station Hotel. The town also served as an important part of the transport infrastructure for national and local industries including coal and bricks, although most of this was lost during the 1950s and 1960s with the last remaining operational brickworks eventually closing in the mid-nineties. There were three brickworks in town and were all built within the small area known as Newland, taking advantage of the abundance of clay from the area. A fourth works was founded in the 1890s by a man named Thomas Kirk from Nottingham who had heard rumours that Normanton was rapidly turning into an important junction on the railways. Both Kirk and his sons used their life savings and formed the Normanton Brick Company at nearby Altofts which is still in operation today.

'Jubilee' Class 4-6-0 'Leander' at Normanton in 1961

The station lost many of its services in the aftermath of the Beeching Report, with both express and local trains on the NMR main line ceasing to call in 1968[6] and trains to York ending in 1970, leaving only Hallam Line trains to serve the station. The NMR was closed completely in 1988 south of the former Goose Hill Junction (where it diverged from the M&L line to Wakefield) although part of the route further south remains open to serve a glassworks at Monk Bretton, near Barnsley.

Pedestrian crossing at the end of platform 2. Now replaced by a footbridge.

Services[edit]

On Mondays to Saturdays the station enjoys an hourly service to Leeds via Castleford and to Sheffield via Wakefield Kirkgate, with extra trains during peak times. On Sundays there is a two-hourly service each way.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ About Wakefield - Normanton
  2. ^ Ellis, Cuthbert Hamilton (1961) [1953]. The Midland Railway (4th ed.). Hampton Court: Ian Allan. p. 7. 940/554/125 1059. 
  3. ^ Allen, Cecil J. (1974) [1964]. The North Eastern Railway. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 61. ISBN 0-7110-0495-1. 
  4. ^ Marshall, John (1969). The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, volume 1. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 48. ISBN 0-7153-4352-1. 
  5. ^ Marshall 1969, p. 49
  6. ^ Body, p. 138
  7. ^ GB National Rail Timetable 2013-14, Table 34

References[edit]

  • Body, G. (1988), PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Eastern Region Volume 2, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-072-1

External links[edit]

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Northern Rail
Historical railways
Line closed, station closed
Midland Railway
Line open, station closed