Norristown High Speed Line

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Norristown High Speed Line
Norristown High Speed Line (logo).svg
SEPTA N-5.jpg
SEPTA N-5 car #144 of the Norristown High Speed Line, Route 100, as it enters the Gulph Mills Station in Upper Merion, Pennsylvania.
Overview
Type Interurban/Light rapid transit
System SEPTA Suburban Division
Status Operational
Locale Delaware and Montgomery Counties, Pennsylvania
Termini 69th Street Transportation Center (south)
Norristown Transportation Center (north)
Stations 22
Services
  • Local
  • Norristown Express
  • Hughes Park Express
  • Norristown Limited
Daily ridership 8,530 (average weekday FY 2010)[1]
Ridership 2,419,500 (FY 2013)[2]
Website Norristown High Speed Line
Operation
Opening 1907
Operator(s) SEPTA
Character Surface (grade separated)
Rolling stock 26[2] Asea-Amtrak (Asea Brown Boveri) Type N-5 MU
Technical
Line length 13.4 mi (21.6 km)[3]
No. of tracks 1–3
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification Third rail
Route number 100 (former)
Route map
"Norristown Line" redirects here. For the SEPTA Regional Rail line, see Manayunk/Norristown Line.

The Norristown High Speed Line (NHSL) is a 13.4 miles (21.6 km)[3] interurban line, operated by SEPTA, running between Upper Darby and Norristown, Pennsylvania, USA. The rail line runs entirely on its own right-of-way, inherited from the original Philadelphia and Western Railroad line (still referred to by locals as the "old P&W" and Route 100). In Fiscal Year 2013, the Norristown High Speed Line carried 2,419,500 passengers;[2] this was down from the 2,764,000 passengers carried in Fiscal Year 2012, partly due to a two-day service suspension due to Hurricane Sandy.[2]

The Norristown High Speed Line is unique in its combination of transportation technologies. Originally chartered as a Class I (steam) railroad, the line is fully grade separated, collects power from a third rail, and has high-level platforms common to rapid transit systems or commuter rail systems such as the Long Island Rail Road or Metro-North Railroad, but has onboard fare collection, mostly single-car operation, and frequent stops more common to light rail systems. Previously, the Norristown High Speed Line was considered to be a light rail line, according to a 2008 SEPTA budget report;[5] however, the line is currently considered a heavy rail interurban line, according to a 2009 SEPTA business plan,[6] and has more recently been categorized by the American Public Transportation Association as "light rapid rail transit".[7]

The purple color-coded line was formerly known simply as Route 100, but was officially changed to its current name in September 2009 as part of a customer service initiative by SEPTA.[8]

History[edit]

The Norristown High Speed Line began service in 1907 as the Philadelphia and Western Railroad (P&W), which ran from the present 69th Street Terminal in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania to a converted farmhouse station in Strafford, Pennsylvania. In 1911, the line was extended 0.47 miles (0.76 km) west to a new Strafford P&W station adjacent to the Pennsylvania Railroad's Strafford station, allowing easy interchange between the two lines. In 1912, a 6.2-mile (10 km) branch was constructed from Villanova Junction, 0.33 miles (0.53 km) west of the existing Villanova station, to Norristown.[9] When the newly built branch quickly attracted more ridership than the Strafford main line, the Norristown section became the main line and the Strafford stretch was demoted to branch status; in the mid-1930s, the Strafford spur was narrowed to a single track for its last 1.74 miles (2.8 km) between the Wayne-St. Davids and Strafford stations, while the Norristown line received a sleek new art deco terminus at Main and Swede Streets.[9]

Lehigh Valley connection[edit]

From Norristown, the P&W RR connected its tracks with the Lehigh Valley Transit Liberty Bell Route to provide direct electric train service from 69th St. Terminal to Allentown, Pennsylvania. However, in 1951, the Lehigh Valley Transit Company ended its service on the Liberty Bell Route, and in 1953 the company ended all its remaining rail service. Two years later, the P&W RR was taken over by the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company (PSTC), which was more popularly known as the Red Arrow Lines. In 1956, the PSTC abandoned the original branch between Villanova and Strafford, leaving only electric MU train service between 69th Street and Norristown, as it is today.[10] The PSTC was absorbed into SEPTA in 1969,[3] eliminating the original railroad charter and immediately becoming the "Norristown High-Speed Line Trolley", officially known as Route 100.

Ridership[edit]

Ridership on the Norristown Line peaked in 1973 at 2,860,000 annual linked trips, and again in 1980 with 2,579,000 annual linked trips. Ridership statistics for fiscal years 2000 and later are from SEPTA annual service plans. Data for years 1972 to 1997 are from the SEPTA 1997 ridership census. There may be some discrepancy in how the ridership is reported since the annual service plans report total unlinked trips, while the ridership census uses linked trips, which may exclude passengers transferring from other lines.

Station names[edit]

Effective June 14, 2010, SEPTA changed the names of four stations to reflect the streets on which they were located. Township Line Road (formerly West Overbrook Station), Roberts Road (formerly Rosemont Station), Stadium – Ithan Avenue (formerly Stadium Station) and DeKalb Street (formerly King Manor Station).

Closure of Schuylkill River bridge for repairs[edit]

In summer 2013, SEPTA closed the bridge (the Bridgeport Viaduct) carrying the Norristown High Speed Line over the Schuylkill River for four months.[11][12] The bridge, which was built in 1911, had been deteriorating and needed to be rebuilt which would cost an upwards of $30 million, though this repair project was budgeted at $7.5 million.[12] As a result of closing the bridge, buses were used to transport passengers between the Bridgeport station and the Norristown Transportation Center.[13] The bridge was reopened in November 2013.[11][14] The remaining $30 million renovation of the entire bridge structure is currently unscheduled.[14]

The SEPTA web site informs that the deterioration in the Bridgeport Viaduct was caused by erosion in the timber supports beneath the Schuylkill River. Repairs required constructing a temporary causeway in the river for construction vehicles to use. Divers did most of the repair work, which was completed in less than one month. It was done by the Loftus Construction Company of King of Prussia at a cost of $139,000 to SEPTA.

Station list[edit]

Mileage Station Township County
0.0 69th Street Transportation Center Handicapped/disabled access Upper Darby Delaware
0.7 Parkview
1.4 Township Line Road Haverford
1.9 Penfield Car parking
2.5 Beechwood–Brookline
3.1 Wynnewood Road Handicapped/disabled access Car parking
3.4 Ardmore Junction Car parking
3.9 Ardmore Avenue Car parking
4.5 Haverford Car parking
5.4 Bryn Mawr Car parking Radnor
5.9 Roberts Road
6.4 Garrett Hill
6.8 Stadium – Ithan Avenue
7.0 Villanova Car parking
7.9 Radnor Car parking
8.6 County Line Lower Merion Montgomery
9.4 Matsonford Car parking
10.3 Gulph MillsHandicapped/disabled access Car parking Upper Merion
11.0 Hughes Park
12.3 DeKalb Street Car parking Bridgeport
12.8 Bridgeport Handicapped/disabled access
13.4 Norristown Transportation Center Handicapped/disabled access Car parking Norristown

Most stations (except terminals) are request stops. Passengers wishing to board must push a button at the station, which activates a light visible to the engineer. If the train is scheduled to stop at the station (see below), it will stop. Detraining passengers must press a button on board to request the train to stop.

Service[edit]

The NHSL ran two-car trains and played a pivotal role in the infrastructure of the 2013 U.S. Open at Merion Golf Club.
Route 100 map from 1974

The fare for a single ride as of July 2013 is $2.75 cash on board, or one token plus $0.50. TransPass users must pay an additional $0.50, while TrailPass users pay no additional charge.[15] The service runs seven days a week, from about 5:00 am to 1:00 am.

Local trains from 69th Street to Norristown stop at all 22 stations, and the trip lasts approximately 32 minutes. Occasionally, local trains may run only between 69th Street and Bryn Mawr, stopping at ten stations.

During weekday peak periods (6:00–9:00 AM, 2:15–6:45 PM), the Norristown High Speed Line features express and limited services, which stop only at select stations, therefore decreasing travel time between 69th Street and Norristown. Norristown Express service, which is noted by red destination signs, travels between 69th Street and Norristown in approximately 26 minutes, and stops at 17 stations. Hughes Park Express service, which is noted by green destination signs, travels between 69th Street and Hughes Park in approximately 22 minutes, stopping at 16 stations. Norristown Limited service, which is noted by blue destination signs, travels between 69th Street and Norristown in approximately 22 minutes, stopping at only eight stations. All trains share the same two tracks, so a limited leaving Norristown, for example, will be immediately followed by a local, which stops at more stations, and therefore is spaced farther from the previous train. The next limited will catch up with it. Similarly, a local may leave Bryn Mawr right after an express stops there, and gets to 69th St. just before the next express or limited catches up with it.

Local Norristown Express Hughes Park Express Norristown Limited
69th Street Terminal 69th Street Terminal 69th Street Terminal 69th Street Terminal
Parkview
Township Line Rd.
Penfield Penfield
Beechwood–Brookline Beechwood–Brookline
Wynnewood Road Wynnewood Road
Ardmore Junction Ardmore Junction Ardmore Junction Ardmore Junction
Ardmore Avenue Ardmore Avenue
Haverford Haverford Haverford
Bryn Mawr Bryn Mawr Bryn Mawr
Roberts Road Roberts Road Roberts Road
Garrett Hill Garrett Hill Garrett Hill
Ithan Av. Ithan Av. Ithan Av.
Villanova Villanova Villanova
Radnor Radnor Radnor Radnor
County Line County Line County Line
Matsonford Matsonford Matsonford
Gulph Mills Gulph Mills Gulph Mills Gulph Mills
Hughes Park Hughes Park Hughes Park Hughes Park
DeKalb St. DeKalb St. DeKalb St.
Bridgeport Bridgeport Bridgeport
Norristown Norristown Norristown

Proposed extension to King of Prussia[edit]

Map of the Red Arrow Lines showing the current Norristown High Speed Line (blue); the former branch to Strafford is dashed, as well as former trolley Routes 101–104 (red, still in use, and orange, disbanded)

There is a proposal to extend the Norristown High Speed Line to serve the King of Prussia Mall, Valley Forge office parks, and the Valley Forge Casino Resort.[16] Possible routes planned for this extension include one following US 202 from Norristown to King of Prussia, another following a utility right-of-way paralleling US 202 and the Pennsylvania Turnpike, and one following the utility right-of-way and Gulph Road.[17]

It is projected that this extension would attract an additional 3,800 daily riders. SEPTA already has enough N-5 rail vehicles to cover this extended service.

Fiscal year Average weekday Annual passengers
FY 2005 8,801 2,512,690
FY 2004 8,428 2,463,500
FY 2003 7,925 2,491,074
FY 2000 9,250 3,046,927
Fiscal year Annual linked trips Fiscal year Annual linked trips
1997 1,754,000   1984 2,338,000
1996 1,696,000 1983 2,484,000
1995 1,926,000 1982 2,089,000
1994 2,079,000 1981 1,899,000
1993 2,251,000 1980 2,579,000
1992 2,222,000 1979 2,133,000
1991 2,234,000 1978 1,992,000
1990 2,162,000 1977 1,832,000
1989 2,295,000 1976 2,218,000
1988 2,185,000 1975 2,162,000
1987 1,888,000 1974 2,425,000
1986 1,915,000 1973 2,860,000
1985 2,255,000 1972 2,496,000

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Inline references
  1. ^ "Fiscal Year 2012 Annual Service Plan" (pdf). SEPTA. July 2011. p. 92. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  2. ^ a b c d "SEPTA Operating Facts Fiscal Year 2013" (pdf). SEPTA. Fiscal Year 2013. p. 3. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  3. ^ a b c "SEPTA - Media Guide" (pdf). Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  4. ^ Map
  5. ^ "Fiscal 2008 Operating Budget" (PDF). SEPTA. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  6. ^ "SEPTA Five-Year Strategic Business Plan" (PDF). SEPTA. p. 4. Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  7. ^ "American Public Transportation Association - A MULTIMODAL TOUR OF THE DELAWARE VALLEY". American Public Transportation Association (APTA). June 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  8. ^ Nussbaum, Paul (July 22, 2009). "SEPTA seeks input on Regional Rail name changes". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 10, 2010. [dead link]
  9. ^ a b DeGraw, Ronald (2007). Pig & Whistle: The Story of the Philadelphia & Western Railway. Chicago: Central Electric Railfans' Association. ISBN 978-0-915348-40-4
  10. ^ Bell, Jon (2006-03-22). "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Norristown High Speed Line". Presbyterian College. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  11. ^ a b "Bridgeport Viaduct Improvement Project Recap". SEPTA. November 14, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-08. 
  12. ^ a b Adkins, Lynne (July 8, 2013). "Four-Month Construction Project Gets Underway On The Norristown High Speed Line". CBS Philly (CBS 3). Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  13. ^ Nussbaum, Paul (December 14, 2012). "SEPTA to close Norristown line’s rail bridge over Schuylkill". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Interstate General Media, LLC). Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  14. ^ a b "Bridgeport Viaduct to reopen for Norristown high-speed line". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Interstate General Media, LLC). November 4, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  15. ^ "Fares" (PDF). SEPTA. July 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  16. ^ Geringer, Dan (July 16, 2013). "SEPTA mulls rail service to King of Prussia, Valley Forge". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  17. ^ Parks, Jessica (July 17, 2013). "SEPTA studies high-speed rail extension to King of Prussia". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
General references