Norsjö has traditionally been a major industrial municipality. The vast forests in the area have been the basis for many wood-based industrial sectors, including forest management, forest harvesting and replanting, timber transport, saw mills, manufactured products from wood, and wood as a renewable fuel for electrical and heat energy production.
A significant amount of renewable energy is produced in Norsjö Municipality, including electrical energy from hydropower stations and wood-based heat energy for industrial and household heating applications.
Metallic ore mining has also been a very prominent industrial factor over the years, with a number of mines operating in and around Norsjö Municipality which is in the Skellefteå Field mining district. Norsjö Municipality is only 50km from the large regional mineral processing plant in nearby Boliden.