Norte de Santander department
||This article may require copy editing for grammar and clarity. (April 2013)|
|Department of North Santander
Departamento de Norte de Santander
|— Department —|
|Anthem: Himno Oficial del Departamento Norte de Santander|
|Established||July 25, 1910|
|• Governor||William Villamizar Laguado (Colombian Conservative Party)|
|• Total||21,658 km2 (8,362 sq mi)|
|• Density||62/km2 ( 160/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||CO-NSA|
North Santander Department is bordered by Venezuela to the east and north, by Santander Department and Boyacá Department to the south, and by South Santander Department and Cesar Department to the east.
The official Department name in Spanish is "Departamento de Norte de Santander" (North Santander Department) in honor of the Colombian military and political leader Francisco de Paula Santander. North Santander Department is located in the northwestern zone of the Colombian Andean Region.
The area of present day Norte de Santander played an important role in the history of Colombia, during the War of Independence from Spain when Congress gave origin to the Greater Colombia in Villa del Rosario.
Many territorial divisions had to occur before definitively constituting the Norh Santander Department, created in 1910, time at which General Ramon González Valencia governed the Nation.
It was Law 25 of July 14, 1910, that took effect July 20 of the same year. Law 25 of 1910, signed by the then President of the National Assembly of Colombia, Emilio Ferrero; the Secretary, Marcelino Uribe exequible Arango and declared by the Gentleman President Ramon González Valencia and by Minister of Government Miguel Abbey Méndez, was the one that took step to the Department which today we know like North Santander, been born after several attempts given from April 1850, time in which the Republic of New Granada was born with 5 departments and 19 provinces.
In that time, Santander was born not like Department but like province with San José de Cúcuta like its capital. In 1857 the sovereign Department of Santander was created and its capital was Pamplona. As of December of that same year, the capital was transferred to Bucaramanga.
In May 1858, the Republic of Colombia was denominated Granadina Confederation and were part of her 8 Departments, including the one of Santander. Years later, in 1863, it was decided in the National Convention of Rio Negro, to change the name of the country by the one of the United States of Colombia.
The expedition of the Political Constitution of 1886, at the well-known time like "Regeneration", changed the name of the country and is again from that time that our territory is known like Republic of Colombia. For that time also the provinces began to denominate departments and were divided in provinces.
Our Department still was well known as Santander and were part of him the provinces of Cúcuta, Ocaña, Pamplona, Charalá, García Rovira, Guanentá, Soto, Socorro and Vélez. In 1905, the Department was divided in two and during a time, Santander had to Cúcuta, Ocaña, River of Gold, Pamplona, García Rovira, Santos and Fortúl, like provinces.
A new political division underwent the country in 1908 and as a result of it, the Department of Cúcuta existed by a short period. In April 1910, there were changes in the political division of Colombia again. The 34 departments created in 1908, were suppressed and the country recovered the effective political division in 1905, with which Cúcuta disappears as Department and returns to depend on Bucaramanga, by a short period, until the expedition of Law 25 July 1910, with which the North Santander Department is born.
North Santander has a varied geography and is composed by mountainous areas, deserts, plateaus, plains and hills, with municipalities of heights very varied, this make in landscapes and climates immensely rich. Throughout his territory they cross by rivers and lagoons.
The Department is conformed by three natural regions: the most broken part is represented by the Eastern Mountain range, it begins in the site known as Naked Santurbán and soon it becomes the Mountainous area of the Motilones. On the other hand, the plains of the Catatumbo River and the Zulia River are located to the Northwest and to the south it is the valley of the Magdalena River.
The sector of influence of the Catatumbo river has temperatures averaging 24 °C with warm climates and humid, whereas in the zone of Cúcuta, it varies of dry to very dry; and in the mountainous area, great variety of climates that go from the temperings to the very cold ones, including inferior appears to the 12 °C.
A rich hydrographic system crosses the Department with three river basins of great importance: to the north the one of the Catatumbo river, to the west the one of the Magdalena river and to the southwest, the one of the Orinoco river.
Statistics of Households
In this Department the citizens prefer to live in houses (89.8%).
Administrative divisions 
Regions and municipalities 
Among the typical dishes offered in the department there is Mute, Hayacas, of extended and rectangular form, the Cabrito, that is consumed roasted or cooked, the pies of chick-pea, that are an Indian called species of empanadas and the maize surrounded ones. Other dishes are rampuche and panche.
See also 
- "DANE". Retrieved February 13, 2013.
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