North-Eastern Rhodesia

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The pink area represents North-Western Rhodesia and the blue area North-Eastern Rhodesia from 1905 until 1911, when they were unified. The red line denotes the border between them from 1899 to 1905. The green area is Barotseland.

North-Eastern Rhodesia in south central Africa was formed by and administered by the British South Africa Company as the other half, with North-Western Rhodesia, of the huge territory lying mainly north of the Zambezi River into which it expanded its charter in 1891. The company signed treaties with Bemba and Chewa rulers but did not gain full control until armed resistance among the Bemba was overcome in 1899. Although having features of a charter colony, in 1900 the company proclaimed the territory a protectorate (though it was not an official protectorate of the United Kingdom government).

The territory initially consisted of the north-eastern half of present-day Zambia but with land in the western half up to the Kafue River, its border with North-Western Rhodesia. In 1905, just before large-scale copper mining commenced, the border between the two chartered territories was moved east, removing the area of Lusaka and the Copperbelt to North-Western Rhodesia. Its capital from 1899 was at Fort Jameson (now Chipata).

In 1911 the British South Africa Company amalgamated North-Eastern Rhodesia with North-Western Rhodesia to form Northern Rhodesia,[1] later Zambia.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "Government Gazettes for Northern Rhodesia" by Andrew Roberts in History in Africa, Vol. 16 (1989), pp. 397-400.