North-Western Rhodesia

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The pink area represents North-Western Rhodesia and the blue area North-Eastern Rhodesia from 1905 until 1911, when they were unified. The red line denotes the border between them from 1899 to 1905. The green area is Barotseland.

North-Western Rhodesia, in south central Africa, was formed and administered from 1891 under charter by the British South Africa Company, which in 1890 had signed a treaty with King Lewanika of the Barotse, the most powerful traditional ruler in the territory. Although it had features of a charter colony, the treaty and charter gave the territory protectorate status (although not as an official protectorate of the British government.

In 1911, the British South Africa Company amalgamated North-Western Rhodesia with North-Eastern Rhodesia to form Northern Rhodesia (later known as Zambia).

The territory consisted of the western half of present-day Zambia up to the Kafue River, its border with North-Eastern Rhodesia. Later the border between the two chartered territories was moved east, but the distinction did not have any great implications.

The capital was initially at Kalomo, and moved in 1907 to Livingstone.

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