North American blizzard of 2008

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North American blizzard of 2008
March 2008 blizzard.jpg
The storm near Cleveland, Ohio on March 8, 2008
Type Texas/Gulf Coast Storms
Formed March 6, 2008
Dissipated March 10, 2008
Lowest pressure 984 millibars (29.1 inHg)[1]
Maximum snowfall or ice accretion 28.5 inches of snow (71 cm) in Madison, Ohio[2]
Damage $789 million[3]
Fatalities at least 13 direct, 4 indirect
Areas affected Southern and eastern North America

The North American blizzard of 2008 was a winter storm that struck most of southern and eastern North America from March 6 to March 10, 2008. The storm was most notable for a major winter storm event from Arkansas to Quebec. It also produced severe weather across the east coast of the United States with heavy rain, damaging winds and tornadoes, causing locally significant damage. The hardest hit areas by the wintry weather were from the Ohio Valley to southern Quebec where up to a half a meter of snow fell locally including the major cities of Columbus, Ohio, Cleveland, Ohio, and Ottawa, Ontario. For many areas across portions of the central United States, Ontario and Quebec, it was the worst winter storm in the past several years.[4] The severe weather and its aftermath caused at least 17 deaths across four US states and three Canadian provinces, while hundreds others were injured mostly in weather-related accidents and tornadoes.

Meteorological synopsis and event[edit]

March 6[edit]

During the day, a low pressure system developed across Texas and rain gradually turned into snow in parts of Oklahoma and northern Texas giving locally a few inches of snow particularly just east of Oklahoma City. Across southern Texas, an EF1 tornado touched down near the Corpus Christi region.[5]

March 7[edit]

From Texas north and east through Ohio, heavy snow fell. According to The Weather Channel and the National Weather Service, Dallas and Fort Worth received anywhere from 1-inch (25 mm) to 6 inches (150 mm). Sherman, Texas received 9 inches (230 mm), while Collinsville, TX got 8 inches.[6] Cincinnati, Ohio received 7 inches (18 cm) which broke the daily snowfall record for March 7. The Memphis metropolitan area received anywhere from 3 inches (76 mm) in Lakeland, TN to 7.2 inches (180 mm) at the NWS office in East Memphis, with the Memphis International Airport picking up 5.4 inches (140 mm), its heaviest snowfall in 20 years.[7] In Arkansas, some areas received locally up to a foot of snow.[8]

In Florida, several tornadoes hit the Jacksonville area, as well as in parts of Georgia. The Storm Prediction Center said one person was injured and two were killed. In total, 17 tornadoes were reported during the outbreak across the two states including duplicated reports and at least thirteen were confirmed including five EF1's and three EF2's.[9]

Tornadoes confirmed[edit]

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
13 5 5 3 0 0 0
Tornado event - March 6–7, 2008
EF#
Location
County
Time (CST)
Path length
Damage
Texas
EF1 N of Gardendale Nueces 2058 (03/06) unknown Sporadic damage to homes and trees
Florida
EF1 Capitola Leon 1225 5 miles
(8 km)
8 houses were heavily damaged and 1 person was injured
EF2 Keaton Beach Taylor 1336 unknown One home destroyed and 15 others damaged including several decks that failed. Boats were lofted in the air. Two people were injured.
EF0 S of Wellborn Suwannee 1430 unknown An old shed blew off trees
EF2 Lake City Columbia 1445 2 miles
(3.2 km)
2 deaths Significant damage confirmed by NWS survey including buildings, mobile homes and overturned vehicles. 19 homes were destroyed, 41 others suffered damaged. 5 people were also injured
EF2 SE of Taylor Baker 1510 1 mile
(1.6 km)
A residence was destroyed and tin was removed from another. One person was injured
EF0 NW of Kent Nassau 1530 unknown Minor damage to outhouse and trees
Georgia
EF1 SW of Clarking Charlton 1520 6 miles
(9.6 km)
5 homes sustained damage including one with major structural damage
EF1 SW of Mount Pleasant Wayne 1520 1 mile
(1.6 km)
Garages were damaged and hundreds of trees were downed
EF0 NW of Lulaton Brantley 1527 unknown Damage to one home
EF0 N of Bellevue Point McIntosh 1557 unknown Brief tornado touchdown
EF0 E of St. Marys Camden 1630 1 mile
(1.6 km)
Waterspout reported
EF1 NW of Chapel Hill Douglas 0025 7 miles
(11.2 km)
Several homes sustained varying degrees of damage. A Kroger grocery store also sustained roof damage. One mobile home and one site-built home were destroyed while 10 homes and one business had major damage and 52 homes and one business had minor damage. Numerous trees were snapped or blown down and fences were also downed.
Sources: Storm Reports for March 6, 2008, Storm Reports for March 7, 2008, NWS Tallahassee, Florida, NWS Jacksonville, Florida (slideshow for Columbia County tornado)

March 8–9[edit]

Rainfall as a result of the storm in Chester County, Pennsylvania on March 8
The accumulation of snow in Ottawa, Ontario dwarfs a stop sign on March 9

As of 9 am, Cincinnati had received 9 inches (230 mm) of snow (22 cm). Louisville, Kentucky reported 11 inches (280 mm) of snow (28 cm), while Columbus, Ohio got 9.5 inches (23 cm). Several Ohio locations reported thundersnow early Saturday morning. Parts of Indiana, Kentucky and Ohio were under blizzard warnings.

As the snow wound down Saturday night, snowfall totals were over 20 inches (50 cm) for parts of central Ohio, with most areas of Ohio reporting over 10 inches (25 cm). Port Columbus reported total snowfall of 20.4 in (51.8 cm), the most ever recorded for central Ohio.[10] Large sections of Ohio including the Dayton and Cincinnati areas were under snow emergencies. 5 to 7 inches (12–17 cm) fell across Mississippi with over a foot of snow (30 cm) in parts of Kentucky (including Louisville) and Tennessee. Residents reported in Leitchfield, KY that snow accumulated to 6-8 inches, with 10 at most in rural areas.[8] For portions of Middle Tennessee, it was the worst snowstorm since 2003. Humphreys and Perry Counties along the Tennessee River both exceeded 8 inches (20 cm) of snow while portions of the Nashville area received 6 inches (150 mm); its biggest snowfall since March 19, 1996, where 9 inches (22 cm) fell. A large area of Tennessee affected by the winter storm were hit by several strong and deadly tornadoes just over one month earlier on February 5.[11]

North American blizzard of 2008 snowfall accumulation for the Ohio River Valley.(From the National Weather Service)

In southern Ontario, some areas especially near the Niagara Peninsula received in excess of 50 cm[12] (19 inches) of snow. Some areas in southeastern Ontario and southern Quebec saw in excess of 50 cm (20 inches) of snow with Ottawa receiving the highest amount with 48 cm (19 inches). Several areas across Ontario reported thundersnow with locally ice pellets and freezing rain closer to the Highway 401 corridor The storm also affected much of Atlantic Canada and New England with extensive freezing rain across most of New Brunswick although northern sections of the province received from 25 cm (10 inches) to as much as 50 cm (20 inches) in Campbellton.[13] Heavy snow fell on some areas that already had close-to-record-breaking amounts of snow for that winter.

Parts of Nova Scotia, southern New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island and most of the Interstate 95 corridor along the Eastern Seaboard of the United States from the Carolinas to Maine also saw heavy rain while strong winds also accompanied the precipitation particularly along the eastern US where the winds were also accompanied by damaging wind causing localized damage to mostly trees, power lines and some structures including in the Philadelphia and Washington D.C. regions. About 80 mm of rain (3.2 inches) fell over St. John, New Brunswick causing localized street and basement flooding.[14] The system departed the continent and over the Atlantic Ocean on March 10 and crossed just west of the British Isles causing strong winds across Ireland, the United Kingdom and parts of western Europe.

Impact[edit]

Snowfall amounts of the March 7–9 storm
City Snowfall accumulated
Ottawa, ON 48 cm (19 in)[15]
Lancaster, OH 46 cm (18 in)
Columbus, OH 51 cm (20 in)[16]
St. Catharines, ON 50 cm (20 in)[17]
Quebec City, QC 30–42 cm (12–17 in)[18]
Cincinnati, OH 25–41 cm (10–16 in) (region)[19]
Cleveland, OH 38 cm (15 in)[20]
Dayton, OH 33 cm (13 in)[21]
Montreal, QC 32 cm (13 in)[22]
Louisville, KY 28 cm (11 in)[23]
Toronto, ON 15–32 cm (6–13 in) (region)[12][17]

15 cm (6 in) Pearson Airport

Memphis, TN 13–18 cm (5–7 in)[7]
All amounts are snowfall only

Incidents[edit]

At Port Columbus International Airport, an airplane skidded off the runway after landing, but nobody was injured.[8] In Cambridge, Ontario, 6 people were injured after a smoking canopy collapsed due to the snow.[24] In Quebec, due to the heavy weight of the snow and/or the damaging wind gusts, several structures collapsed or were damaged in the Mauricie, Centre-du-Québec and Quebec City regions as well as in eastern Ontario although there were no injuries.[25] A few days later during the aftermath of the snowstorm in Morin Heights, the heavy snow cover was responsible for a roof collapse at a factory that killed 3 people.[26] A fourth person died on March 16 from a collapsed house in Shawinigan, north of Trois-Rivières, while saving three family members.[27]

Several schools in the Montreal area, mostly from its largest school board the Commission scolaire de Montréal, were closed later in the week in order to clear snow from the roofs due to concerns about possible collapses of the structures forcing the evacuation of thousands of elementary school students into nearby arenas, community centers or churches. In Chelsea, Quebec, two elementary schools were also evacuated after a custodian worker discovered cracks on a ceiling and a malfunctioned sliding door possibly due to the weight of the snow. Students were moved into a village church.[28] The four high schools of the Commission Scolaire des Draveurs, the CEGEP de l'Outaouais and the Université du Québec en Outaouais in Gatineau as well as Rockland District High School in Rockland and Sir Wilfrid Laurier Secondary School in Ottawa were shut down for a few days for precautionary reasons and for roof snow removal operations.[29][30] Numerous other structures were also evacuated throughout the week including parts of the Pratt and Whitney plant in Longueuil for similar reasons.[31] Three other homes, one in the Westboro area of Ottawa, one in La Peche and the other in the Beauce region, also had their roofs collapsed or split because of the snow.[30][32][33] At Ottawa's Dow's Lake, an historical landmark used by army and reservists was damaged beyond repair forcing it to be torn down.[34]

Event/school cancellations[edit]

The University of Cincinnati's men's basketball team were unable to depart from Cincinnati from its game against Connecticut which forced its postponement. Many sporting events across the Buckeye State were canceled. The University of Louisville also canceled classes on Saturday as did Ryerson University, and several colleges in Toronto also on Saturday and Quebec City's Université Laval on Sunday.[8][23][35][36] All major school districts in the Columbus area were closed until Monday as did several schools in Quebec while school in Ontario were closed because of the annual March week break.[37][38]

Power outages[edit]

About 87,000 Hydro-Québec customers lost power during the peak of the storm with the Quebec City region being the hardest hit area in Quebec, where winds were gusting in excess of 100 km/h with the highest being 133 km/h.[22] 4 000 customers in New Brunswick, 2500 in Prince Edward Island and 5000 in Nova Scotia were without power because of the winds and heavy ice.[13] In the US, 20,00 lost power in Vermont due to the winter storm while 80,000 customers in Pennsylvania and 100,000 customers in New Jersey also lost electricity due to the severe weather and high winds.[39]

Flight and travel disruptions[edit]

Annual temperature departures for the year 2008. 2008 was the coldest year since 1994 in the United States.

Hundreds of flights in and out of Trudeau International Airport (400 flights) in Montreal, Pearson International Airport in Toronto and Macdonald-Cartier International Airport in Ottawa where canceled.[40] The snowstorm hit during the end of the March school break week in Quebec and the start of it in Ontario. Due to a larger number of travelers, the storm caused a major backlog at all airports where numerous passengers were stranded and cots were also distributed to passengers at the Ottawa Airport.[41] At the same airport, nearly 300 passengers were stranded inside two Air Cubana planes for 12 hours without water and food and disabled bathrooms before returning to the plane's initial destination in Montreal. Some of the passengers had even called for emergency vehicles due to the conditions inside the plane[42] In addition to cancelled flights in Canada, 250 flights were canceled from Cleveland's Hopkins International Airport and was shut down for most of Saturday.[43] About 90 percent of the flights from Port Columbus International Airport were canceled as well as several other flights elsewhere across the Midwest.[44]

In many cities, ground transportation was also disrupted. In Ottawa, the O-Train rail line was shut down for most of the day and there was significantly reduced service on local, cross-town and Transitway routes. Via Rail train service was also reduced including canceled trips during the peak of the storm on March 8 as did several off-town bus trips. The Scarborough RT in the Toronto region was also completely shut down on Saturday while TTC service and GO Transit were heavily slowed down.[45][46]

Road closures[edit]

In Quebec, several major highways were closed including Highway 175 between Quebec City and Saguenay as well as Autoroutes 15, 20, 30 and 40 north and east of Montreal. Several other highways in eastern Quebec including Highways 132 and 138 in the Bas-Saint-Laurent and Charlevoix regions east of Quebec City[47] In Ontario portions of Highway 17, 400 and 401 were shut down.[22][48] In the Quebec City region, about 80 vehicles were stuck and abandoned across a secondary highway due to blowing snow and high snow drifts.[35] East of Montreal, a 20-car pile-up west of Lavaltrie injured 10 people. Numerous other motorists while been stuck on highways were also forced to abandon their vehicles, particularly on Highways 15 and 30 north of Laval and between Brossard and Varennes[49][50]

About 900 accidents were reported in Ontario provincial highways by Ontario Provincial Police including 450 across Eastern Ontario.[51][52] while Toronto Police reported over 1700 collisions during the weekend.[53] In the Niagara region, a tour bus carrying 17 people tipped over into a ditch although there was no known word on any injuries in this incident.[41] In Ohio, according to the State Highway Patrol, nearly 2 000 crashes occurred throughout the state, including one fatal one and 190 others which resulted in injuries.[44]

Fatalities[edit]

In addition to the two roof collapse incidents that killed 4 in Quebec on March 12 and March 16, the storm was responsible for at least 4 fatalities in Ohio from heart-related issues from snow-shoveling. 5 people, including two in New York, one in Ohio, one in Tennessee and one in Ontario were killed as a result of traffic accidents.[53] 2 people were killed by a tornado in Florida as severe weather hit many areas of the coastal states from Florida to New Jersey.[8] An 8-year-old boy in New Brunswick was killed after the storm as a result of the collapse of a snow tunnel.[14] In Ontario, one man died from hypothermia after being stuck in the snow two days after the storm in Stormont, Dundas and Glengary County[54]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The HPC Storm Summary Message". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. 2008. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  2. ^ NWS Cleveland (March 9, 2008). "Public Statement Information Spotter Reports". National Weather Service. 
  3. ^ "NCDC Event Report Archive". National Climatic Data Center. 2008. Retrieved April 7, 2009. 
  4. ^ BBC News (March 9, 2008). "Heavy storms dump snow on Midwest". BBC. 
  5. ^ Storm Prediction Center (March 6, 2008). "Storm Reports for 03/06/08". National Weather Service. 
  6. ^ NWS Dallas (March 7, 2008). Dallas NWS "Public Information Statement". National Weather Service. 
  7. ^ a b NWS Memphis (March 8, 2008). "March 7, 2008, Storm Damage Survey". National Weather Service. 
  8. ^ a b c d e CNN (March 8, 2008). "Crews digging out in Midwest as storm roars east". 
  9. ^ Storm Prediction Center (March 7, 2008). "Storm Reports for 03/07/08". National Weather Service. 
  10. ^ The Columbus Dispatch (March 8, 2008). "Storm set records, but worst is over". Dispatch.com. 
  11. ^ WSMV (Nashville, TN) (March 7, 2008). "Biggest Snow Since 2003 Hits Area". WSMV.com. 
  12. ^ a b Environment Canada (March 9, 2008). "WEATHER SUMMARY FOR ALL OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO AND THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION". Vaughanweather.ca. 
  13. ^ a b CBC News (March 9, 2008). "Monster storm in Central Canada moves to Maritimes". CBC.com. 
  14. ^ a b CTV News (March 10, 2008). "N.B. town mourns boy's snow-related death". CTV.ca. 
  15. ^ A-Channel News (March 9, 2008). "Ottawa Digs Out". A-Channel Ottawa. 
  16. ^ Associated Press (March 9, 2008). "Ohio Begins Cleanup From Record-setting Snow Storm". WDTN-TV (Dayton, OH). 
  17. ^ a b City Toronto (March 9, 2008). "End of Snowfall Means Big Dig Begins". Citynews.ca. 
  18. ^ Le Journal de Québec (March 11, 2008). "Record battu". Canoe.ca. 
  19. ^ WKRC-TV (Cincinnati, OH) (March 8, 2008). "Snowfall is Over, Now We Dig Out!". Local 12.com. 
  20. ^ WKYC-TV (Cleveland, OH) (March 9, 2008). "Cleveland streets upgraded to good condition". WKYC.com. 
  21. ^ NWS Wilmington, OH (March 8, 2008). "Storm Totals for the March 7–8 Winter Storm". National Weather Service. 
  22. ^ a b c Daubs, Katie (March 9, 2008). "Stay indoors, police tell snow-bound area residents". The Ottawa Citizen. 
  23. ^ a b Associated Press (March 8, 2008). "Storm piles more than a foot of snow in Ohio and Tenn. valleys, blamed for 4 traffic deaths". Wave3.com. 
  24. ^ Canadian Press (March 8, 2008). "Massive winter storm wraps up". Canoe.ca. 
  25. ^ SRC Maurice-Centre-du-Québec (March 9, 2008). "Les automobilistes mis à l'épreuve". Radio-Canada. 
  26. ^ Magdar, Jason (March 12, 2008). "Three women killed in Quebec roof collapse". National Post. 
  27. ^ CTV News (March 16, 2008). "Quebec man saves wife, children from falling roof". CTV.ca. 
  28. ^ CBC Montreal (March 14, 2008). "Quebec schools evacuated over rooftop-snow fears". CBC.ca. 
  29. ^ CTV Ottawa (March 18, 2008). "Snow covered roofs keep three area schools closed". CTV.ca. 
  30. ^ a b SRC Gatineau (March 19, 2008). "Encore des fermetures". Radio-Canada. 
  31. ^ LCN (March 14, 2008). "Une partie de l'usine Pratt and Whitney évacuée". LCN/Canoe.ca. 
  32. ^ LCN (March 14, 2008). "Un autre toit s'effondre en Beauce". LCN/Canoe.ca. 
  33. ^ CBC Ottawa (March 10, 2008). "Ottawa family flees home as snowy roof splits". CBC.ca. 
  34. ^ CTV Ottawa (May 1, 2008). "Ottawa drill hall set to be torn down". CTV.ca. 
  35. ^ a b SRC Quebec (March 9, 2008). "Les automobilistes mis à l'épreuve". Radio-Canada. 
  36. ^ City-TV Toronto (March 8, 2008). "Saturday Storm Cancellations". Citynews.ca. 
  37. ^ Yost, Denise (March 10, 2008). "Fallout From Storm Continues". nbc41.com (Columbus, OH). 
  38. ^ LCN (March 10, 2008). "La liste des écoles fermées". LCN/Canoe. 
  39. ^ Associated Press (March 9, 2008). "Storm piles more than 20 inches (51 cm) in Ohio before moving east". WMC-TV (Memphis, TN). 
  40. ^ CBC Montreal (March 10, 2008). "Quebec digging out after snowstorm". CBC.ca. 
  41. ^ a b CTV News (March 9, 2008). "Storm cuts power to thousands in Maritimes". CTV.ca. 
  42. ^ SRC Ottawa (March 10, 2008). "Une escale infernale à Ottawa". Radio-Canada. 
  43. ^ WKYC-TV (Cleveland, OH) (March 8, 2008). "Hopkins International Airport re-opened after storm". WKYC.com. 
  44. ^ a b Associated Press (March 9, 2008). "Ohio Begins Cleanup From Record-Setting Snow Storm". nbc4i.com (Columbus, OH). 
  45. ^ City-TV Toronto (March 9, 2008). "Travel Troubles Continue Even After Big Storm". Citynews.ca. 
  46. ^ Fischer, Doug (March 10, 2008). "Grounded planes, backed-up trains and buried automobiles". Ottawa Citizen. 
  47. ^ LCN (March 9, 2008). "La circulation est pénible sur les routes". LCN/Canoe. 
  48. ^ CITY Toronto (March 9, 2008). "OPP Urge Motorists To Stay Off Roads". Citynews.ca. 
  49. ^ LCN (March 9, 2008). "La tempête vue du ciel". LCN/Canoe. 
  50. ^ LCN (March 9, 2008). "80 automobilistes prisonniers de la neige". LCN/Canoe. 
  51. ^ CBC (March 8, 2008). "Massive snowfall descends on Ottawa". CBC.ca. 
  52. ^ Daubs, Katie & McCooey, Paula (March 8, 2008). "Travel trouble". Ottawa Citizen. 
  53. ^ a b CBC Toronto (March 10, 2008). "Latest storm cleanup underway". CBC News. 
  54. ^ CBC Ottawa (March 12, 2008). "South Dundas man died from hypothermia: police". CBC.ca. 

External links[edit]