North Army (German Empire)
Flag of the Staff of an Armee Oberkommando (1871–1918)
The North Army was formed (on the outbreak of the war) in Schleswig to defend the German North Sea Coast in case of British landings. It was dissolved by the end of August 1914 as its major units had been transferred away.
On formation, North Army consisted of
- "Higher Landwehr Commander 1" (Höherer Landwehr-Kommandeur 1)
- with 24 infantry battalions, 6 cavalry squadrons and 4 field artillery batteries (24 guns). Initially referred to as the Landwehr Division Goltz, after its commander; later renamed 1st Landwehr Division. By 27 August, it had joined the 8th Army on the Eastern Front and participated in the battles of Tannenberg and 2nd Masurian Lakes.
- Coastal Protection
- North Sea Islands (5 infantry battalions, 9 heavy batteries (36 heavy howitzers), 2 pioneer companies)
- III Battalion, 85th Landwehr Infantry Regiment
- a Battery of 1st Abteilung, 2nd Foot Artillery Regiment
- 3rd Reserve Battery, 2nd Foot Artillery Regiment
- Armee-Abteilung, or Army Detachment, in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is, in itself, a small Army.
- Armee-Gruppe, or Army Group, in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command; generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
- Heeresgruppe, or Army Group, in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.
- Cron 2002, p. 326
- Field Engineers
- Ellis & Cox 1993, pp. 171,177
- Sweetman 2002, p. 209
- Remainder of 75th Landwehr Infantry Regiment was with the 33rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade, 1st Landwehr Division
- Remainder of 76th Landwehr Infantry Regiment was with the 33rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade, 1st Landwehr Division
- The III Battalion and the machine gun company were with the 39th Reserve Infantry Brigade, 19th Reserve Division, X Reserve Corps
- 4 batteries of heavy field howitzers
- Without its III Battalion (on Pellworm)
- The remainder of the regiment was on Sylt
- Cron 2002, p. 84
- Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.
- Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.
- Sweetman, John (2002). Tannenberg 1914. Cassell & Co. ISBN 0-304-35635-2.