North Ayrshire and Arran (UK Parliament constituency)
|North Ayrshire and Arran|
|for the House of Commons|
North Ayrshire and Arran shown within Scotland.
|Population||135,000 (2008, approx.)|
|Member of Parliament||Katy Clark (Labour)|
|Created from||Cunninghame North|
|Replaced by||North Ayrshire and Arran|
|Created from||Bute and Northern Ayrshire|
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
North Ayrshire and Arran is a constituency of the British House of Commons, located in the south-west of Scotland within the North Ayrshire council area. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post voting system of voting.
Once a longtime Conservative seat, the area has been represented by Labour MPs since 1987. The current MP is Katy Clark, who has held the seat since 2005. Despite a considerable SNP challenge, Clark was re-elected comfortably with a majority of over 9,000 in 2010. During the election campaign, the seat attained national prominence following the Conservative candidate Philip Lardener's declaration that homosexuality was "not normal", and he was subsequently expelled from the party, running as an Independent instead. However he still appeared as the Conservative candidate on the ballot paper, it being too late for the Conservatives to select another candidate.
A diverse seat, it contains the affluent towns of Largs, Fairlie and West Kilbride to the north, as well as the more working class towns of Ardrossan, Dalry, the Garnock Valley, Kilwinning, Saltcoats and Stevenston to the south. The Isle of Arran and Great Cumbrae are also within the constituency.
The boundaries of North Ayrshire and Arran extend to, and include, Skelmorlie in the north of the council area, Stevenston in the south, Beith in the east, and the islands of Arran and Cumbrae in the west.
The towns of Skelmorlie, Largs, Fairlie and West Kilbride in the north are affluent commuter towns, while Ardrossan, Saltcoats, Stevenston and Kilwinning in the south are rather more industrial and beset with relatively high unemployment. However, regeneration is taking place at Ardrossan Harbour and there has been a rapid increase in new build housing in recent years. Inland, the seat takes in the Garnock valley towns of Dalry, Beith and Kilbirnie, once a centre of steel and textile production long since gone. Tourism is the main industry on Arran and Cumbrae, however the number of holiday homes on the latter has begun to squeeze locals out of the housing market. The seat has two nuclear power stations, Hunterston A nuclear power station (currently being decommissioned) and Hunterston B nuclear power station, as well as a windfarm at Ardrossan.
The constituency of North Ayrshire was created in 1868 and was much larger than the present constituency, as it also included the towns of Irvine and Kilmarnock. It returned various Liberal, Liberal Unionist and Conservative MP's, the most well known of whom being Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston, a general in the First World War who served as MP from 1916-1935 first for North Ayrshire and then for Bute and Northern Ayrshire which was created in 1918. Another well-known MP was Sir Fitzroy Maclean, a major-general in the Second World War who was rumoured to be one of Ian Fleming's inspirations for James Bond. In 1983, the Cunninghame North constituency was created. From 1911 to 1987, the constituencies containing North Ayrshire returned either Conservative Party or Unionist Party MP's until the 1987 General Election when the constituency was lost to the Labour Party.
Members of Parliament
The current MP is Katy Clark. There have been no previous members of parliament for this new constituency. The previous seat of Cunninghame North was held by Brian Wilson. Brian Donohoe, who previously held Cunninghame South, is now the Member for Central Ayrshire.
|1880||Robert William Cochran-Patrick||Conservative|
|1892||Thomas Cochrane||Liberal Unionist|
|1910||Andrew Macbeth Anderson||Liberal|
|1911||Duncan Frederick Campbell||Conservative|
|1916||Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston||Conservative|
|1918||Bute and Northern Ayrshire constituency created.|
|1918||Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston||Unionist|
|1935||Sir Charles MacAndrew||Unionist|
|1959||Sir Fitzroy Maclean||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||John Corrie||Conservative|
|1983||Cunninghame North constituency created|
|2005||North Ayrshire and Arran constituency created|
|General Election 2010: North Ayrshire and Arran|
|Liberal Democrat||Gillian Cole-Hamilton||4,630||10.0||-6.4|
|Socialist Labour||Louise McDaid||449||1.0||+0.3|
2010 General Election Campaign
The Conservative Party candidate Philip Lardner was dropped as their official candidate and suspended from his job (but later reinstated) as a Primary School teacher following comments he had made, in which (as a Christian) he described homosexuality as "not normal behaviour". As nominations for candidates had closed, however, the Conservatives were unable to replace him. In 2008 he had previously been suspended as a candidate for the same seat by the Conservatives over claims he made racist remarks, but was later reinstated as the candidate for this seat and exonerated by the Party. Lardner is recorded by the BBC as an "Independent", due to him being "disowned" by the Conservative Party prior to polling day, however, on the actual ballot paper he was still described as a "Scottish Conservatives & Unionist".
The Labour Party chose Katy Clark, the incumbent MP and former trade union official to re-contest the seat. Clark is considered to be quite a left-wing Labour MP as she voted against replacing Trident and is a member of the Scottish Campaign for Socialism.
The Scottish National Party narrowly won the seat of Cunninghame North during the 2007 Scottish parliamentary election and wished to capitalise on this success during the general election. They chose 41 year-old retired English teacher Cllr Patricia Gibson to contest the seat.
Percentage vote change and percentage swing for the 2005 results are based on notional results on how this constituency would have performed in the 2001 UK General Election.
|General Election 2005: North Ayrshire and Arran|
|Liberal Democrat||George White||7,264||16.4||+7.6|
|Scottish Socialist||Colin Turbett||780||1.8||-1.4|
|Socialist Labour||Louise McDaid||303||0.7||-0.5|
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "General Election Results 2010". North Ayrshire Council. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2010.