North Ayrshire by-election, 1911
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The Ayrshire North by-election was a Parliamentary by-election. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.
Andrew Anderson, the Liberal MP since he gained the seat in January 1910 from the Unionists, was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland, a law officer of the Crown. In accordance with the constitutional arrangements of the day, he was obliged to resign as an MP and fight a by-election.
Previous result 
|General Election December 1910: Ayrshire North
|Liberal||Andrew Macbeth Anderson KC||7,286|
|Conservative||Duncan Frederick Campbell||6,932|
Anderson’s Unionist opponent was again Capt. Duncan Frederick Campbell who had stood here last time. He had contested Mid-Lanark in 1906 and Paisley in January 1910 without success.
There was no Labour candidate, even though they had contested the seat in 1906 and January 1910, finishing a poor third on both occasions.
The contest was dominated by the government’s legislation on National Insurance and the uncertainties this legislation would produce for individual electors, particularly small manufacturers and shopkeepers.
|By-Election 20 December 1911: Ayrshire North
|Conservative||Duncan Frederick Campbell||7,318|
|Liberal||Andrew Macbeth Anderson KC||7,047|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Although there was no Labour candidate, Anderson was thought to have lost some support among working-class voters because of his opposition to Labour candidates in other recent elections. After six years of Liberal government, the electors of North Ayrshire reverted to their more traditional allegiances, perhaps rebelling against the background of the rapid social changes being introduced by H H Asquith’s reforming administration.
After the election, Anderson agreed to be re-adopted as prospective Liberal candidate for North Ayrshire, expressing a wish to contest the seat again. A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election. Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.
|General Election 1914/15: Ayrshire North
|Unionist||Duncan Frederick Campbell|
|Liberal||Andrew Macbeth Anderson KC|
Campbell was killed in action in 1916.
- The Times, 20 December 1911 p10
- The Times, 22 December 1911 p7
- The Times, 23 January 1912 p7