North Bačka District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Severnobački okrug
Севернобачки округ
District of Serbia
Location of North Bačka District in Serbia
Location of North Bačka District in Serbia
Country  Serbia
Capital Subotica
Government
 • Commissioner Zoran Prćić
Area
 • Total 1,784 km2 (689 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 186,906
 • Density 104.0/km2 (269/sq mi)
Municipalities 2 and 1 city
Settlements 45
- Cities and towns 3
- Villages 42
North Bačka
District
Flag of Serbia.svg
Map of North Bačka District
Ethnic map of North Bačka District

North Bačka District (Serbian: Севернобачки округ, Severnobački okrug; Hungarian: Észak-bácskai körzet; Croatian: Sjevernobački okrug; Bunjevac: Sivernobački okrug; Slovak: Severobáčsky okres; Rusyn: Сивернобачки окрух; Romanian: Districtul Bacica de Nord) is a northern district of Serbia. It lies in the Bačka region in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. It has a population of 186,906. The seat of the district is Subotica.

Municipalities[edit]

The North Bačka District comprises three municipalities and 45 local communities.

The municipalities are:

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The population of the district is ethnically mixed.

Population of North Bačka District according to ethnic group 2002–2011.
Ethnic
group
census 2002 census 2011
Number  % Number  %
Hungarians 87,181 43.56% 76,262 40.80%
Serbs 49,637 24.8% 50,472 27.00%
Croats 17,227 8.61% 14,536 7.78%
Bunjevci 16,454 8.22% 13,772 7.37%
Montenegrins 5,219 2.61% 3,654 1.95%
Yugoslavs 9,488 4.74% 3,426 1.83%
Roma 1,680 0.84% 3,342 1.79%
Total South Slavs
80%
80%
98,025 48.98% 85,860 45.94%
Total 200,140 186,906

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken in the district (2002 census):

(*) Total number of speakers of South Slavic languages (Serbian and Croatian) that live in the district is 97,429 (48.68%).

Religion[edit]

Religion (2002 census):

Municipalities and local communities[edit]

As of 2002, two municipalities have a Hungarian ethnic majority: Bačka Topola (58.94%) and Mali Iđoš (55.92%), while one municipality (Subotica) is ethnically mixed. The population of Subotica is composed of: Hungarians (38.47%), Serbs (24.14%), Croats (11.24%), Bunjevci (10.95%), Yugoslavs (5.76%), Montenegrins (1.25%), and others.

As for local communities, 20 have a Hungarian majority, 15 have a Serb majority, seven have Croatian/Bunjevci majority, one has a Montenegrin majority and two are ethnically mixed, with a Hungarian relative majority.

Administrative history[edit]

In the 9th century, the area was ruled by the Bulgarian-Slavic duke Salan. From 11th to 16th century, during the administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, the area was divided between the Bodrogiensis County, Bacsensis County, Csongradiensis County, and Cumania region. In 1526-1527, the area was ruled by the independent Serb ruler, emperor Jovan Nenad, while during Ottoman administration (16th-17th century), it was part of the Sanjak of Segedin.

During Habsburg administration (18th century), the area was divided between the Military Frontier and the Batsch County. The Batsch County was joined with Bodrog County into single Batsch-Bodrog County in the 18th century. Since the abolishment of the Theiß-Marosch section of the Military Frontier in 1751, part of that territory was also included into Batsch-Bodrog County. In 1850s, the area was part of the Sombor District, and after 1860, it was again included into Batsch-Bodrog County.

During the royal Serb-Croat-Slovene (Yugoslav) administration (1918-1941), the area was part of the Novi Sad County (1918-1922), Bačka Oblast (1922-1929), and Danube Banovina (1929-1941).

During the Hungarian-German Axis occupation (1941-1944), the area was included into Bács-Bodrog County. Since 1944, the area was part of autonomous Yugoslav Vojvodina (which was part of new socialist Yugoslav Serbia since 1945). The present-day districts of Serbia (including North Bačka District) were defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992.

Religions and Churches[edit]

Subotica is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious center; in addition to the major Roman Catholic and Serb Orthodox communities, there are nearly thirty other small-size religious communities in the town. The most remarkable religious buildings are the Cathedral of St Teresa of Avila from 1797, the Franciscan Monastery from 1723, the Orthodox Church from the 18th century, the Synagogue and Orthodox Church in Aleksandrovo, both from the 17th century.

Economy[edit]

In keeping with its very rich resources, the region's food processing industry is well developed. The best examples are "29 novembar" meat industry, "Pionir" Sweets Factory and "Fidelinka" bread and flour products factory. Subotica ranks among the leading communities in Serbia when it comes to crop (maize, wheat and sunflower) yields.

Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from official website.