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North Bengal (Bengali: উত্তরবঙ্গ) is a term used for the northern parts of Bangladesh and West Bengal. The Bangladesh part denotes the Rajshahi and Rangpur Division. Generally it is the area lying west of Jamuna River and north of Padma River, and includes the Barind Tract. The West Bengal part denotes Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, North Dinajpur, South Dinajpur and Malda districts together. The Bihar parts include Kishanganj district. It also includes parts of Darjeeling Hills. Traditionally, the Hooghly River divides West Bengal into South and North Bengal, divided again into Terai and Dooars regions.
Major towns in the North Bengal are (in alphabetical order):
- Alipurduar (West Bengal) is the main commercial town of the Eastern Duars region.
- Bogra (Bangladesh) Major Business center of Rajshahi Division and a developed district town.
- Cooch Behar (West Bengal) can be considered to be the cultural capital of the region. It was home to the famous Cooch Behar kingdom, and is a town planner's delight. The North Bengal State Transport Corporation operates its services from all over the region. It has its headquarters here. It also features the North Bengal State Library.
- Dalkhola (West Bengal) is commercial town, business hub and 4th largest Railway station in North Bengal
- Darjeeling is the largest hill town of the region. It was once the summer capital of Bengal.
- Dinajpur (Bangladesh) Dinajpur is the largest district in Rajshahi Division. Its the major agriculture based business area of Bangladesh. Dinajpur is very peaceful & beautiful place in the country.
- Jalpaiguri (West Bengal) was once the most important town and home to the tea industry. The title has since shifted to Siliguri, but this little town is still the divisional headquarters of the region and seat of the Kolkata High Court Bench.
- Kalimpong (West Bengal) is a hill stations of the region.
- Kurseong (West Bengal) is another hill stations of the region.
- Malbazar (West Bengal) is one of the most important towns of North Bengal and known for its Scenic beauty and Tea Gardens around.
- Malda (West Bengal) was once the capital of Bengal,it is the second largest city in north Bengal and an important commercial town today. University of Gour Banga and Malda Medical College and Hospital are situated in this town.
- Kishanganj (North-East Bihar)
- Naxalbari (West Bengal) is a small hamlet near Siliguri is the place from where the Naxalite movement draws its name, and was the scene of the first Naxal agitation.
- Pabna (Bangladesh)
- Rajshahi (Bangladesh) is the administrative capital of Rajshahi Division. There's an airport here.
- Rangpur (Bangladesh)
- Saidpur (Bangladesh) has the second airport of Rajshahi Division.
- Siliguri (West Bengal) is the largest city of North Bengal and its commercial and transport hub. University of North Bengal is situated at Raja Rammohanpur and North Bengal Medical College and Hospital is situated at Sushrutanagar in this town.
- Sirajgonj (Bangladesh)
- Totopara (West Bengal) is a small village in Jalpaiguri district, and home to one of the last remaining ethnic tribes of the regions - the Totos.