North Bohemia roughly covers the present-day NUTS regional unit of CZ04 Severozápad and the western part of CZ05 Severovýchod. From an administrative perspective, North Bohemia is made up of the present day Ústí nad Labem Region (Ústecký kraj), Karlovy Vary Region (Karlovarský kraj) and Liberec Region (Liberecký kraj).
In German language usage the term North Bohemia or Nordböhmen often refers to that part of the Sudetenland once mainly populated by Germans in North Czechia between Karlsbad in the west and the Giant Mountains in the east.
Geography and nature
North Bohemia is divided into many landscape areas including the Ore Mountains, the Czech Switzerland national park, Mácha’s Country, the Lusatian Mountains and Ještěd Ridge, Frýdlantsko and the Jizera Mountains. It is a popular tourist destination, much of which had been inaccessible until recently.
The Jizera and Lusatian Mountains are protected landscape areas. The summits of the Jizera Mountains climb to heights of about 1,000 metres above sea level, and the region’s peat bogs have been opened up with interconnecting educational trails. The national nature reserve of the Jizera Mountain Beechwood Forest (Jizerskohorské bučiny) contains the largest beech woodland in the Czech Republic, covering 27 square kilometres (10 sq mi).
Historic administrative unit
In the administrative system of the former Czechoslovakia there was a North Bohemia province (Severočeský kraj) from 1960-1990 that consisted of the present-day region of Ústí nad Labem and parts of Liberecký kraj.