North Bondi, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
General view of North Bondi
|Location||7 km (4 mi) east of Sydney CBD|
North Bondi is a coastal, eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 7 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Waverley Council.
Bondi is an Aboriginal word meaning water breaking over rock. It has been spelled a number of different ways over time, Boondi, Bundi, Bundye. Rock carvings can be found on the cliffs at North Bondi. The whole Bondi area was part of a 200-acre (0.81 km2) land grant to road-builder William Roberts in 1809. In 1851, Edward Smith Hall, editor of the Sydney Monitor, purchased the land for 200 pounds.
On 22 March 1944, original members of the Rats of Tobruk formed the North Bondi Sub-Branch of the Returned and Services League of Australia and it is still known in modern times as Tobruk House or The Rathouse. In 2003, the New York Times ran an article on The Rathouse calling it "an ideal beachside hang out."
Ben Buckler Gun Battery
The Ben Buckler Gun Battery was constructed in 1892 and was intended to protect the colony and the approaches to Sydney Harbour from enemy vessels standing off the coast. During the 1950s the army vacated the premises and the fortification was buried. In the mid-1990s, the site was excavated by Water Board engineers planning to install a new pipeline. The site has been reburied and is currently under Hugh Bamford Reserve.
Tram to North Bondi
Tram services to North Bondi from the CBD operated from either Circular Quay ( via Bridge and Elizabeth Streets) or Railway Square (via Elizabeth and Liverpool Streets), to Oxford Street. The line then passed down Oxford Street to Bondi Junction, where it branched off from Bronte services, to run down Bondi Road to Fletcher Street, Campbell Parade and then to the North Bondi tram terminus. A feature of this line was the large 3 track terminus cut into a hillside at North Bondi, which opened in 1946, as well as an underpass at 331a Bondi Road. Trams entered onto Campbell Parade via the under pass at a point where Bondi Road was too steep. The underpass and cutting have now been filled in, part of which is now public reserve and units.
The line opened in 1884 as a steam tramway to Bondi, then to Bondi Beach in 1894. Electric services commenced in 1902. The line closed in 1960. The tram line followed the current route of bus 380 as far as North Bondi.
The service also travelled via Paddington and Bellevue Hill. Heading south down Elizabeth Street from Circular Quay, the line turned left into Park Street, then wound through East Sydney. A feature was the tram only viaduct over Barcom Avenue and Boundary Street in Darlinghurst as the line headed into MacDonald Street. This viaduct is now a road bridge. The line then travelled to Paddington and down Curlewis Street in Bondi to join the Bondi Beach via the Bondi Junction line on Campbell Parade, to the North Bondi terminus. The line follows approximately the current route of bus 389.
- Bondi Golf Course sits on the coast, east of Military Road.
- North Bondi Surf Life Saving Club sits beside the beach in Biddigal Reserve.
- Aboriginal rock carvings are located on a rocky surface between the sewerage ventilation shaft near Bondi Golf Course and the cliff. A nearby group of carvings were done by Europeans and are thought to have been the work of Portuguese sailors in the nineteenth century. Another Aboriginal carving can be found at Ben Buckler, the headland immediately east of Bondi Beach. It is approximately a metre long and represents a turtle.
Art Deco shops and flats
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "North Bondi (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 33
- The Rathouse History as found on Tobrukhouse.com (Retrieved 6 September 2009)
- Borden, Margaret, Bondi, Beyond The Beach, New York Times, 16 November 2003, section 5, page 10
- Welcome to Waverley Library
- NSW Heritage Office Website - Listing Heritage Items - State Heritage Register - Item View
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