North Brentwood, Maryland

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North Brentwood, Maryland
Town
Location of North Brentwood, Maryland
Location of North Brentwood, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°56′39″N 76°57′6″W / 38.94417°N 76.95167°W / 38.94417; -76.95167Coordinates: 38°56′39″N 76°57′6″W / 38.94417°N 76.95167°W / 38.94417; -76.95167
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
County Prince George's
Area[1]
 • Total 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
 • Land 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 517
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 526
 • Density 5,170.0/sq mi (1,996.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 20722
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-56375
GNIS feature ID 0597814

North Brentwood is a town in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.[4] The population was 517 at the 2010 census.[5] The municipality of North Brentwood is located north of Washington, D.C., and is surrounded by the communities of Brentwood, Hyattsville, and Cottage City, and the nearby Mount Rainier. The Town of North Brentwood was incorporated in 1924, and was the first African-American-majority municipality in Prince George's County. Along the Route 1 Corridor, North Brentwood is part of the Gateway Arts District.

History[edit]

The town is named after the Brentwood estate built in 1817 by Robert Brent in Northeast Washington, D.C. The town was originally settled by African-American veterans of the American Civil War, who purchased lots from their former commander, Capt. Wallace A. Bartlett, beginning in 1887.[6]

The town was developed beginning in the 1890s around the Highland Station of the Washington Branch of the B & O Railroad and the Columbia and Maryland Railway. "Brentwood" was created by Wallace A. Bartlett, a Civil War veteran, former foreman for the Government Printing Office, Patent Office examiner, and inventor originally from Warsaw, New York. Captain Bartlett lived in Washington, D.C., until 1887, when he purchased 206 acres (0.83 km2) of farmland from Benjamin Holliday, which abutted the Highland subdivision. Bartlett built a farmhouse for his family on the land and, with two partners J. Lee Adams and Samuel J. Mills, formed the Holladay Land and Improvement Company.[7][8]

In 1891, the Company platted a residential subdivision called "Holladay Company's Addition to Highland" on 80 acres (320,000 m2) of the Bartlett Farm. The lots were approximately 40 feet (12 m) by 100 feet (30 m) and were arranged around an irregular grid of streets. The lots in the northern part of the subdivision, which eventually would become North Brentwood, were smaller and were subject to flooding from a mill race.[9] The first lots in the northern section were purchased in 1891 by Henry Randall, an African-American man from Anne Arundel County, who built a house on Holladay Avenue (now Rhode Island Avenue). In 1894, Randall's son, Peter Randall, constructed a house next to his father's. More family members moved into the community and built homes, and the area soon became known as Randallstown.

Other African-American families soon moved to the neighborhood, including the Plummer, Wallace, and Johnson families. They built two-story front-gable frame houses, as well as free-standing rowhouses. In 1898, the City and Suburban Railway was completed through Randallstown. By 1904 that name had been replaced by Brentwood. In the early 1900s, the development of Randallstown out-paced development in the southern areas also platted by Bartlett. A school and a church were built in 1904, and the Brentwood Colored Citizens Association was formed in 1907. The association helped acquire volunteers for a fire company, fire fighting equipment, a community hall, and electric lights. After Bartlett's neighboring development was incorporated as the town of Brentwood in 1922, Jeremiah Hawkins pushed for the incorporation of North Brentwood, which was achieved in 1924. After incorporation, Hawkins became the first mayor of the town.[6] During this time period, larger house types such as Four-squares began to be built, as well as some commercial buildings.[10]

The town continued to grow after incorporation. During the 1930s and 1940s, new homes were built, mostly bungalows and brick Cape Cod houses. New streets were laid out, while the existing streets were paved, extended, and renamed.[9]

Historic sites[edit]

The following is a list of historic sites in North Brentwood identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission.[11] Much of the community is located within the North Brentwood Historic District; listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[12]

Site name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comment
1 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church of Brentwood 4037 Webster Street 68-61-11
2 Mack Brown House 3907 Wallace Road 68-61-4
3 Foursquares on Webster Street 3914, 3916, and 3918 Webster Street 68-61-13
4 Jeremiah Hawkins House Site 4114 Webster Street 68-61-1 Demolished in 1991.
5 Edith Mason House 4501 41st Avenue 68-61-8
6 McKenzie-Bullock House Site 4538 41st Avenue 68-61-9 Demolished in 1992 following fire.
7 Nelson-Queen House Site 4505 Church Street 68-61-10 Demolished in 1993 to allow for expansion of Town Hall.
8 Henry Newton House 4502 Church Street 68-61-12
9 Robert Orr House 4528 40th Street 68-61-2
10 Owings Houses 4533, 4535, and 4537 41st Avenue 68-61-5
11 A.A. Randall House 4504 41st Avenue 68-61-7
12 Peter Randall House 4508 Rhode Island Avenue 68-61-37 Built in 1892, it is the oldest dwelling in North Brentwood.
13 Seaburn House 4529 41st Avenue 68-61-6
14 William H. Thomas House 3911 Wallace Road 68-61-3

Geography[edit]

North Brentwood is located at 38°56′39″N 76°57′6″W / 38.94417°N 76.95167°W / 38.94417; -76.95167 (38.944111, -76.951650)[13].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 517 people, 167 households, and 123 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,170.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,996.1 /km2). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 1,830.0 per square mile (706.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 13.3% White, 63.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 16.2% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.0% of the population.

There were 167 households of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.3% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.49.

The median age in the town was 36.4 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 469 people, 158 households, and 112 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,450.8 people per square mile (1,646.2/km²). There were 181 housing units at an average density of 1,717.7 per square mile (635.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 6.40% White, 82.09% African American, 1.28% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 6.82% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.89% of the population.

There were 158 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.6% were married couples living together, 30.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,188, and the median income for a family was $45,893. Males had a median income of $32,188 versus $26,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,547. About 12.6% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 22.2% of those age 65 or over.

Arts District[edit]

Located along the Route 1 Corridor, North Brentwood formed the Gateway Arts District along with its neighboring municipalities of Brentwood, Hyattsville, and Mount Rainier.

Brentwood is home to the Prince George's African-American Museum and Cultural Center.

Education[edit]

North Brentwood is within the Prince George's County Public Schools district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Brentwood, Maryland
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): North Brentwood town, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "North Brentwood, Maryland History". North Brentwood, Maryland. Maryland Municipal League. 2008-05-10. 
  7. ^ "Community Summary Sheet, Prince George's County". North Brentwood, Maryland. Maryland State Highway Administration, 1999. 2008-05-10. 
  8. ^ The Neighborhoods of Prince George's County. Upper Marlboro: Community Renewal Program, 1974.
  9. ^ a b Pearl, Susan G. Historical Survey: Brentwood, Maryland. Upper Marlboro: M-NCPPC, 1992.
  10. ^ Denny, George D., Jr. Proud Past, Promising Future: Cities and Towns in Prince George's County. Brentwood, Maryland: Tuxedo Press, 1997.
  11. ^ M-NCPPC African-American Heritage Survey, October 1996: Properties Within or Closely Associated With Historic Communities (Prince George's County, Maryland), 1996.
  12. ^ "North Brentwood Historic District". Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]