North Carolina's 2nd congressional district

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North Carolina's 2nd congressional district
North Carolina's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
North Carolina's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Renee Ellmers (RDunn)
Distribution 49.45% urban, 50.55% rural
Population (2000) 619,178
Median income $36,510
Ethnicity 61.8% White, 30.4% Black, 0.6% Asian, 7.9% Hispanic, 0.9% Native American, 0.3% other
Cook PVI R+11[1]

North Carolina's 2nd congressional district is located in the central and eastern parts of the state. Today, the district, which is represented by Republican Rep. Renee Ellmers, includes all or parts of Alamance, Chatham, Cumberland, Harnett, Hoke, Lee, Moore, Randolph and Wake counties.

Established by the state legislature after the American Civil War, the district was known as "The Black Second;" counties included in the district were mostly majority-black in population. All four of North Carolina's Republican African-American congressmen elected in the post-Civil War era (ending with George Henry White) represented this district,[2][3] as did white yeoman farmer Curtis Hooks Brogden of Wayne County, a Republican ally of former Governor William Woods Holden.

After North Carolina Democrats regained control of the state legislature in the 1870s (using intimidation by the Red Shirts and other paramilitary groups to reduce the number of blacks voting), they passed voter registration and electoral laws that restricted voter rolls. Blacks continued to get elected to local and state offices. The state legislature passed a new constitutional amendment in 1900, which effectively disfranchised blacks altogether.[4] This ended the election of blacks to local, state or Congressional offices until after passage of federal civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s, which enforced constitutional voting rights.

Thousands of blacks migrated north from the state in the Great Migration during the first half of the twentieth century, seeking job opportunities and education. By the later twentieth century, before the 1990s, the 2nd district was roughly 40% black. While it had the highest percentage of black residents of any congressional district in North Carolina, African-American candidates were unable to get elected to Congress from the majority-white district.

State redistricting following census changes led to the creation of the black-majority 1st and 12th districts and drew off some black population from the 2nd. Today the proportion of African-American residents is about 30.4% in the 2nd District.

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years District Residence Note
Hugh Williamson-1-.jpg Hugh Williamson Anti-Administration March 19, 1790 – March 3, 1791 Redistricted to the 4th district
NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 – March 3, 1793 Redistricted to the 5th district
No image.svg Matthew Locke Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 – March 3, 1799
No image.svg Archibald Henderson Federalist March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1803
No image.svg Willis Alston Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1815 Redistricted from the 9th district
No image.svg Joseph H. Bryan Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819
Vacant March 4, 1819 – December 5, 1819
No image.svg Hutchins G. Burton Democratic-Republican December 6, 1819 – March 3, 1823 Resigned after being elected Governor of North Carolina
Crawford D-R March 4, 1823 – March 23, 1824
Vacant March 24, 1824 – January 18, 1825
No image.svg George Outlaw Crawford D-R January 19, 1825 – March 3, 1825 Bertie
No image.svg Willis Alston Jacksonian March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1831 Halifax
JohnBranch2.jpg John Branch Jacksonian May 12, 1831 – March 3, 1833
No image.svg Jesse A. Bynum Jacksonian March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1837 Halifax
Democratic March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1841
No image.svg John Daniel Democratic March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843 Halifax Redistricted to the 7th district
No image.svg Daniel M. Barringer Whig March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1847 Redistricted to the 3rd district
Nathaniel Boyden - Brady-Handy.jpg Nathaniel Boyden Whig March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849 Salisbury Retired
No image.svg Joseph P. Caldwell Whig March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1853 Statesville Retired
Thomas Ruffin - Brady-Handy.jpg Thomas H. Ruffin Democratic March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1861
Civil War and Reconstruction
DavidHeaton.jpg David Heaton Republican July 25, 1868 – June 25, 1870 Died
Vacant June 26, 1870 – December 4, 1870
No image.svg Joseph Dixon Republican December 5, 1870 – March 3, 1871 Retired
No image.svg Charles Thomas Republican March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1875 Lost renomination
Rep. John Adams Hyman.jpg John A. Hyman Republican March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877 Lost renomination to immediate past governor
No image.svg Curtis H. Brogden Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1879 Wayne Retired
No image.svg William H. Kitchin Democratic March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1881 Lost re-election
OrlandoHubbs1903.jpg Orlando Hubbs Republican March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883 New Bern Retired
James E. O'Hara.jpg James E. O'Hara Republican March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 Lost re-election
Furnifold McLendel Simmons.jpg Furnifold M. Simmons Democratic March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889 Lost re-election
Henry Plummer Cheatham.jpg Henry P. Cheatham Republican March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1893 Vance Lost re-election
No image.svg Frederick A. Woodard Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897 Lost re-election
George Henry White.jpg George H. White Republican March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1901 New Bern Retired after state passage of 1900 disfranchisement constitution, which suppressed black voters for more than 60 years
Claude Kitchin.jpg Claude Kitchin Democratic March 4, 1901 – May 31, 1923 Died
Vacant June 1, 1923 – November 5, 1923
No image.svg John H. Kerr Democratic November 6, 1923 – January 3, 1953 Lost renomination
L H Fountain NC.png L. H. Fountain Democratic January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1983 Retired
Tim Valentine.jpg Tim Valentine Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1995 Retired
Dfunderburk.jpg David Funderburk Republican January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1997 Lost re-election
Bob Etheridge.jpg Bob Etheridge Democratic January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2011 Lillington Lost re-election
Rep. Renee Ellmers.jpg Renee Ellmers Republican January 3, 2011 – present Dunn

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°26′47″N 79°17′52″W / 35.44639°N 79.29778°W / 35.44639; -79.29778