North Carolina A&T Aggies football

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North Carolina A&T
2014 North Carolina A&T Aggies football team
NCAT Bulldog Logo.png
First season 1901
Athletic director Earl M. Hilton III
Head coach Rod Broadway
4th year, 12–10 (.545)
Home stadium Aggie Stadium (North Carolina A&T)
Stadium capacity 21,500
Stadium surface Natural grass
Location Greensboro, North Carolina
Conference MEAC
All-time record 461–415–46 (.525)
Postseason bowl record 3–4–0 (.429)
Claimed national titles 3
Conference titles 11
Consensus All-Americans 33
Current uniform
Nopicture.png
Colors

Navy Blue and Gold

          
Fight song "Aggie Fight Song"
"Old Aggie Spirit"
Mascot Aggies
Marching band Blue & Gold Marching Machine
Website ncataggies.com

The North Carolina A&T Aggies are the college football team representing the North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. The Aggies play in NCAA Division I Football Championship as a member of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference.

History[edit]

Early History (1901-1924)[edit]

Picture of the 1907 North Carolina A&T State University Football Team

In 1901, the team played its first game, losing to Livingstone College. The team played only one game during the 1901 season and did not field another team until 1906.[1] In the program's early years, the team would sporadically field teams, having periods between 1907-1911; 1913; and 1917 where there was no team. Due to the outbreak of World War I, the school did not field a team, but resumed play once again in 1919 competing against neighboring Bennett College.[2] It wasn't until 1923, that A&T's first coach of record, L.P. Byarm, would come along to lead the team.[3]

Byarm and Jefferson (1923-1932)[edit]

In 1924, North Carolina A&T joined the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA), an athletic conference mostly consisting of historically black colleges and universities (HBCU). The Aggies finished that season with a record of 4-1-4, with their only loss coming from a 7-10 loss to West Virginia State to close the season.[4] In 1927, Byarm led A&T to its first undefeated season and the school's first conference championship in football. The Aggies finished the season with a with a record of 8-0.[5] Byarm would continue to coach the Aggies until 1930. Over his 7 year career as coach, he compiled a record of 38-25-10.

In 1931 Harry R. Jefferson would inherit the team. Jefferson, would lead the Aggies for two seasons before leaving to coach at Hampton University in Virginia. In his two season with A&T, he compiled a record of 5-11.[6]

Inman A. Breaux era (1933-1939)[edit]

In 1933, Inman A. Breaux became the Head Coach of the Aggies. In his first season, the team finished with a record of 3-3-3.[7] The 1944 season would fare much better for the Aggies as the team compiled a record of 7-1; with their sole loss coming from a 7-0 loss to Morgan State. In his six seasons with the Aggies, Breaux compiled a record of 28 wins, 17 losses, and 8 ties.[7]

Four Coaches era (1940 -1945)[edit]

From 1940 to 1945, the Aggies had a revolving door of coaching changes; as the team had 4 different head coaches, Homer Harris, Roland Bernard, Charles DeBerry & Charles Carter, within a 5 year span. Of the coaches during this time period, DeBerry was the only man to lead the team for more than one season.[3] In 1943 DeBerry led the Aggies to their second undefeated season in the team's history. That season, the Aggies would compete in their first post-season bowl game, as the team would defeat Southern University 14-12 in the Flower Bowl. Over the 3 season DeBerry led the Aggies, he compiled a record of 13-12-1.

Bell and Piggot (1946-1968)[edit]

The 1946 season would bring about some stability for the Aggies as new coach William "Bill" Bell became head coach. In his first season as coach, Bell had a record of 5-5. In 1950, Bell would lead the team to their second CIAA championship. Team Quarterback, Robert "Stonewall" Jackson, along with running back James Fisher and Helburn "Bud" Meadows would clinch the CIAA championship by beating the nationally ranked North Carolina College 25-13 in the season closer.[8][9]

Bell would lead the Aggies for 11 seasons until the arrival of new coach Bert C. Piggott in 1957. Like Bell, Piggott would also be a consistent figure for the program. Between 1958 & 1959, Aggie Quarterback Paul Swann threw for a total 1,573 yards and 12 touchdowns, helping the Aggies win back to back CIAA championships.[8] In 1964, the Aggies claimed their fifth CIAA championship. The team would go 6-0-1 in the conference to clinch the title, including a 26-0 shutout of rival North Carolina College in the season finale.[10] Of those on the 1964 Aggie championship roster was future Pro Football Hall of Fame Inductee Elvin Bethea. Over the 11 years he led the team, Piggott would win a total of 3 CIAA championships, and 8 straight winning seasons; a feat unmatched by any other coach in school history.[8]

Howell, McKinley & Forte (1968-1988)[edit]

In 1968, Hornsby Howell became the new coach of the team. In his first year as coach, the Aggies would go 8-1, with their sole loss at the hands of University of Maryland Eastern Shore. That year, the Aggies would be named Black college football national co-champions, earning their first national title. Howell would lead the Aggies through their remaining years in the CIAA, and their eventual move to their current conference, the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. In 1970, A&T would leave the CIAA to form a new conference with the intent of transitioning to the NCAA's Division I. Along with Delaware State University, Howard University, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Morgan State University, North Carolina Central University and South Carolina State University, the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) was created.[11] In 1975, the Aggies would win their first football championship in the MEAC. During that season, Quarterback Ellsworth Turner completed 55% of his passes while throwing a total of 1,349 yards to help the Aggies capture the conference title. Over Howell's 9 year career with A&T, he would win 62% of the games he coach, and would earn a career record of 55-34-4.[8]

In 1977 James "Jim" McKinley would become head coach of the A&T football program. McKinley would take the helm of the Aggies after leaving his first head coaching position at Central State University in Ohio. During his 5 year career at North Carolina A&T, His record was a total 29 wins, 32 losses and 1 tie with a highlight 9 wins and 3 losses for the 1980 season.[12] McKinley would leave A&T in 1981 to coach at Prairie View A&M Panthers football in Texas.

Maurice "Mo" Forte would become the team's next head coach in 1982. Four years later, the Aggies would win their second MEAC championship. That season, standout Quarterback Herbert Harbison, and Wide receiver Alan Hooker were key components to the team's championship run. Hooker's 63 catches and 883 receiving yards would set a school record, that to this day still stands.[8] Forte's record with the Aggies would end at 26 wins, 38 losses, and 1 tie.

Bill Hayes era (1988-2002)[edit]

In 1988, William "Bill" Hayes would take the helm of the Aggie program. In 1990, the Aggies would maintain a 9-2 record and be crown the 1990 Black college football National Champions. The following season, the Aggie's infamous defensive line, known as the "Blue Death Defense" would be a driving force in the team successful MEAC championship campaign. The team would gain a end their season in a 13-36 losing effort to Alabama State in the now defunct Heritage Bowl.[8] The 1992 season would prove to be another successful one for the Aggies. The team would again capture the MEAC conference championship, with a 9-3 record, and advance to the NCAA Division IAA playoffs, where they lost to The Citadel.[13] The 1999 Aggie team is arguably the most dominant team in the program's history. That season, the Aggies went undefeated against all MEAC opponents for the first, and only, time in the program's history. The team also set a school record for most wins in a single season with 11 total and defeated number 1 ranked Tennessee State to earn the school's first NCAA playoff victory. That year, the Aggies were also awarded their third Black College National Championship. Over his 15 seasons with the Aggies, Hayes would compile a record of 106 wins, making him the all-time leading coach in school history.[8]

Small and Fobbs (2003-2008)[edit]

In 2003, George Small was named head coach of the Aggies. That same season, the team won their sixth MEAC championship and earned a berth in the NCAA Division IAA playoffs, where they lost to Wofford in the first round.[14] The following two seasons, the Aggies would go 3-8 and Small would have end his career at A&T with a record of 16 wins and 19 losses.

In 2006, Lee Fobbs Jr. became the 16th coach of the Aggie program. Fobbs tenure was marked with failures as the team would endure a 27 game losing streak over his first two years as head coach. The Aggies were ranked 114th out of 118 in the Football Championship Subdivision in total offense, 113th in passing offense and 107th in scoring offense. On August 30, 2008, the Aggies defeated Division II opponent Johnson C. Smith 44-12 in their season opener to break the losing streak.[15] The following week, the Aggies would go on to defeat rival Winston-Salem State.[16] Following those games, the Aggies resumed their losing trend as they lost the next six games, including a 28-27 loss to rival North Carolina Central, which is in the second year of its transition to Division I.[15] Fobbs was relieved of his coaching duties on October 21, 2008, and the following week, the Aggies beat Howard 21-20. Running back coach George Ragsdale was named interim coach for the remainder of the 2008 season, where the team went 1-3.

Present Day[edit]

In 2009, Alonzo Lee became the coach of the A&T football program. In his first season as head coach, the Aggies made a remarkable turnaround. The team, which finished the season with a record of 6-5, won more games in 2009 than they had won in their previous three seasons combined.[17] The following season, with the effects of the fobbs era behind them, the Aggies had a dismal 2010 campaign. The Aggies finished the 2010 season with a 1-10 record, with their sole win coming from a 52-32 win over Howard University.[18] At the conclusion of the 2010 season, it was announced that Lee was released as Head football coach and that assistant coach George Ragsdale would once again serve as interim coach of the Aggies.[19]

In February 2011, after media reports of him turning down the offer, Rod Broadway became the 18th coach of the Aggie football program.[20][21] In his first season with the Aggies, the team finished with a 5-6 record, improving upon the previous season by 4 wins. The following season the team finished 7-4 with wins over rivals South Carolina State and North Carolina Central. The 2013 Season began with the program being cleared from the NCAA of any Academic Progress Rate (APR) penalties for the first time since 2008. The imposed sanction eliminated spring practice and reduced the number of scholarships that could be offered to players.[22] That year, the Aggies finished with a record of 7-4; with an upset win over three-time FCS national champion Appalachian State, and a 28-0 win over rival North Carolina Central.[23] The previous 2 seasons marked the first back-to-back winning seasons for the program since 2001.[24]

Home stadium[edit]

Aggie Stadium, opened in 1981, is the present Home of North Carolina A&T Football.

The Aggies play home football games at Aggie Stadium which opened in 1981. Before the construction of Aggie Stadium, North Carolina A&T Aggies played their home football games at Greensboro’s War Memorial Stadium, which was home to the nearby minor league baseball franchise. The university saw a great need to have an on campus stadium that could hold the growing number of fans attending home football games. Aggie Stadium was designed by architect W. Edward Jenkins, a North Carolina A&T alumnus, and opened in 1981. The first game played there was on September 12, 1981 against local rival Winston Salem State University to an overflow crowd of more than 23,000 fans.[25] To date, the largest single game attendance at Aggie Stadium was set in 2001 when 34,769 people were in attendance for a football game against the rattlers of Florida A&M University.

Culture[edit]

A&T football has traditions that range from the long standing, to new. The following are football traditions associated with the Aggie football program:

Marching band[edit]

The Aggie Football Team is supported by The North Carolina A&T State University Blue and Gold Marching Machine, the university's marching band. Started in 1918, it is one of the longest standing traditions of A&T football. The Blue and Gold Marching Machine perform the pre-game ceremonies, halftime, and post game for all A&T home football games, in addition to traveling to most away contests.

Mascot[edit]

"Aggie," sometimes referred to as the "Aggie Dawg" (or Aggie Dog), is the live mascot for North Carolina A&T. Although, the physical representation of the athletic teams is a bulldog, the term "Aggie" has a historical connection to the university. The term "Aggie" has long been used to refer to students who attend agricultural schools. Hence the reason the university adopted the nickname "Aggies" when the school was founded in 1891.[26]

Traditions[edit]

At the conclusion of all home games, and away games in which the marching band travels, the coaches, players, cheerleaders, and student section gather near the marching band to sing, the school song, Dear A&T. Another A&T football tradition is the Student section. The Aggie Livewires, have been the "official cheering section" of the Aggies since their inception in 1995. The Livewires are known for starting cheers, spreading spirit at athletic events, and their involvement on campus and the community at large. The student organization occupies section R in the West grandstand of Aggie Stadium, next to the band.

Rivalries[edit]

The Aggie's chief rival is it's in-state, and fellow MEAC competitor, North Carolina Central University. While its rivalry with North Carolina Central University is its most renowned and intense, North Carolina A&T has a historic rivalry with Winston-Salem State University, and to a lesser degree with South Carolina State University.

North Carolina Central University[edit]

Commonly referred to as the "Aggie–Eagle rivalry," this particular rivalry dates back to the first Aggie Football game in 1924; in which the game ended in a 13-13 tie. The intensity of the rivalry is driven by the proximity of the two schools, as both are only 55 miles apart via U.S. Interstate 85, the size of the two schools, as North Carolina A&T is the largest Historically Black College and University in the state with North Carolina Central being the second, and the fact that both schools are competing for many of the same students and athletes. Fans of both teams tend to place great emphasis on this rivalry and the intensity of it causes splits among many families, marriages, and other groups over their respective teams.

Winston-Salem State University[edit]

The rivalry with Winston-Salem State is arguably, the second most important rival of the Aggies. The series dates back to 1952, and has roots in the CIAA, where both teams were at one time members. The rivalry is driven by the close proximity of the two schools, as both are approximately 30 miles apart via U.S. Interstate 40, coaching personnel and conference ties once shared by both schools. Since Winston-Salem State's decision to discontinue the transition to Division I citing financial reasons, this rivalry has been placed on hold for the foreseeable future.[27]

South Carolina State University[edit]

The rivalry with South Carolina State is the most civil of the Aggie's chief rivals. The series dates back to 1958, and is driven by Conference alignment and proximity within the region. Both North Carolina A&T and South Carolina State are members of the MEAC, and are the largest public Historically Black colleges representing their respective states. Athletically, South Carolina State spoiled the Aggie's 2003 undefeated conference record when they handed A&T their only MEAC loss of the season with a 49-9 win in the regular season closer.[28] Currently, South Carolina State leads the series 32 wins to 14.

Individual honors[edit]

Players[edit]

MEAC Players of The Year

Coaches[edit]

  • MEAC Coach of the Year
Hornsby Howell (1974, 1975)
Jim Mckinley (1980)
Mo Forte (1986)
Bill Hayes (1991, 1999)
George Small (2003)

All-Americans[edit]

Below is a list of All Americans selected by The Associated Press (AP)[8]

Name Position Year(s) All-America Team
Demetrius Harrison LB 1989 2nd Team
Craig Thompson TE 1991 Honorable Mention
Curtis Burgins DB 1993 3rd Team
James White RB 1993 Honorable Mention
Ronald Edwards OL 1993 Honorable Mention
Leevary Covington LB 1993 Honorable Mention
Tim Johnson LB 1994 Honorable Mention
Chris McNeil DE 1997 1st Team
Darryl Klugh DB 1999 2nd Team
Curtis Deloatch RS 2001 1st Team
Maurice Hicks RB 2001 3rd Team

Below is a list of All Americans selected by The American Urban Radio Network, American Sports Wire, Sheridan Black College Poll and other polls.[8]

Name Position Year
John Daniels C 1938
David Morris DB 1974
Dwaine Board E 1978
George Small LB 1978
Ed Hooker DB 1987
Demetrius Harrison LB 1989 [Notes 1]
Craig Thompson TE 1991
Kevin Little DL 1991
Knox Thompson DL 1991
Rodney Edwards LB 1992
Alonza Barnett DB 1992
Ronald Edwards OL 1993
Curtis Burgins DB 1994
Jamaine Stephens OL 1995
Monty Key P 1996
Chris McNeil DL 1997[Notes 2]
Darryl Klugh DB 1999
Anthony Nobles OL 2000
Marcus Bryson TE 2001
Maurice Hicks RB 2001
Qasim Mitchell OL 2001
Yonnick Matthews K 2003

Team achievements[edit]

National championships[edit]

North Carolina A&T has been awarded the Black college football national championship a total of 3 times in the program's history. Though this title is not recognized by the NCAA, it is awarded to the best historically black collegiate program competing in either the NCAA's Division I FCS level or Division II.

Year Coach Selector Overall Record Conference Record
1968[Notes 3] Hornsby Howell Pittsburgh Courier 8–1 6–1 (CIAA)
1990[Notes 4] William "Bill" Hayes American Sports Wire 9–2 5–2 (MEAC)
1999 William "Bill" Hayes American Sports Wire 11–2 8–0 (MEAC)
National Championships 3

In 1951, North Carolina A&T was awarded a national title outside of the Black college national championship.

Undefeated seasons[edit]

Year Record Conference Record Coach
1927 8–0–0 7–0-0 (CIAA) Lonnie P. Byarm
1943 4–0–0 3–0-0 (CIAA) Charles U. DeBerry
Undefeated Seasons 2
Perfect Seasons (no losses or ties) 2

Conference Championships[edit]

North Carolina A&T joined the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference as a founding member in 1969. Before that the Aggies were members of the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (CIAA), where they won 5 conference titles. Since joining the MEAC, A&T has claimed 6 conference titles.

Year Coach Conference Overall Record Conference Record
1927 Lonnie P. Byarm CIAA 8–0–0 7–0–0
1950 William M. Bell CIAA 6–2–1 5–0–1
1958 Bert C. Piggott CIAA 7–2–0 7–0–0
1959 Bert C. Piggott CIAA 6–2–0 6–0–0
1964 Bert C. Piggott CIAA 6–3–1 6–0–1
1975[Notes 5] Hornsby Howell MEAC 5–1–0 6–0
1986 Maurice “Mo” Forte MEAC 9–3–0 4–1–0
1991 William “Bill” Hayes MEAC 9–3–0 5–1–0
1992 William “Bill” Hayes MEAC 9–3–0 5–1–0
1999 William “Bill” Hayes MEAC 11–2–0 8–0
2003 George Small MEAC 10–3–0 6–1–0
Total conference championships 11[5]

Bowl games[edit]

Date Played Bowl Game Winning Team Losing Team
January 1, 1943 Flower Bowl North Carolina A&T (20) Southern (12)
January 1, 1945 Flower Bowl Tyler Junior College (18) North Carolina A&T (0)
January 1, 1949 Vulcan Bowl Kentucky State (23) North Carolina A&T (3)
January 1, 1949 Vulcan Bowl Kentucky State (23) North Carolina A&T (3)
December 10, 1949 Orange Blossom Classic North Carolina A&T (20) Florida A&M (14)
December 2, 1978 Gold Bowl Virginia Union (21) North Carolina A&T (6)
December 6, 1980 Gold Bowl North Carolina A&T (37) North Carolina Central (0)
December 21, 1991 Heritage Bowl Alabama State (36) North Carolina A&T (13)
Overall Bowl Record 3-4 (7 games)[29]

All-time record vs. current MEAC teams[edit]

This table reflects the results of MEAC matchups when both N.C. A&T and its opponent were members of the conference. A&T began MEAC play in 1970; this list has been updated through the 2013 NCAA Division I FCS football season.[30]

Opponent Won Lost Tied Percentage Streak First Meeting
Bethune-Cookman 14 22 0 .389 lost 1 1977
Delaware State 20 22 1 .477 Lost 1 1971
Florida A&M 15 44 3 .266 Won 2 1938
Hampton 15 26 2 .372 Lost 7 1925
Howard 25 20 2 .553 Won 2 1924
Maryland Eastern Shore[Notes 6][31] 13 13 2 .500 Lost 1 1952
Morgan State 36 43 3 .457 Lost 2 1930
Norfolk State 28 11 0 .718 Won 1 1962
North Carolina Central 49 31 5 .606 Won 3 1924
Savannah State 1 0 0 1.000 Won 1 2012
South Carolina State 18 31 2 .373 Lost 1 1924
Totals 234 263 19 .472

Notable Players[edit]

Many North Carolina A&T Aggie players have gone on to play football in the professional ranks. Former Aggie football player Elvin Bethea has been inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, while several former players; including Mel Phillips, George Ragsdale, George Small, and Connell Maynor have gone on to become coaches for NFL and college teams. Players like Jesse Jackson, and his son Jesse Jackson Jr. have made names for themselves in politics and civil rights activism.

Aggies in the Pros[edit]

Aggies in the NFL
NFL Draft selections
Total selected: 20
First picks in draft: 0
1st Round: 0
NFL achievements
Total Players: 57
In the Pro Bowl: 1
In the Super Bowl: 3
Hall of Famers: 1

Over 70 former North Carolina A&T players have gone on to play professionally for the NFL, CFL, AFL and other leagues including: Jessie Britt, Dwaine Carpenter, Junius Coston, Tom Day, Curtis Deloatch, Henry Douglas, Cornell Gordon, Michael Hamilton, Maurice Hicks, Melvin Holmes, Jason Horton, Toran James, Jamal Jones, Wallace Miles, Qasim Mitchell, Mel Phillips, George Ragsdale, George Small, Maurice Smith, Walter Stith, Joe Taylor, Dick Westmoreland and Donald Willis.[32][33]

Other notable former Aggie football players include: Robert "Stonewall" Jackson, the first player from a Historically Black College to be drafted into the NFL;[34] Pro Bowl player J.D. Smith;[35] Super Bowl champions Dwaine Board,[36] Cornell Gordon,[37] Troy Pelshak;[38] and Hall of fame inductee Elvin Bethea[39]

Coaches and staff[edit]

Head Coaches[edit]

The Aggies have had 19 coaches in their 113-year history. William "Bill" Hayes holds the distinction of being the All-Time Winningest Coach in the program's history, with 106 victories.[5] Over the span of his 15 season career at A&T, Hayes let the Aggies to 2 Black College National titles, the program's first ever win in the NCAA I-AA playoffs, and 3 MEAC titles.[40] Other notable A&T football coaches include Hornsby Howell, who led the team to its first MEAC championship; and Burt Piggott, who led the Aggies to 3 CIAA championships and 8 consecutive winning seasons, a feat unmatched by any coach in the history of the program.[8]

The current head coach of the Aggies is Rod Broadway. In 2011, he was named head coach of the program after leaving Grambling State University. In 2012, Broadway lead the Aggies to their first winning season in 9 years.[8]

Current coaching staff[edit]

Name Position Season at
N.C. A&T
Rod Broadway Head Coach 4th
Rickey Bustle Offensive Coordinator/Quarterbacks 2nd
Sam Washington Defensive Coordinator/Defensive Backs 4th
Shawn Gibbs Running Backs 4th
Keith Wagner Offensive Line/Recruiting Coordinator 4th
Charles Cheek Inside Linebackers 3rd
Courtney Coard Defensive Line 4th
Chip Hester Wide Receivers 1st
Trei Oliver Outside Linebackers/Travel Coordinator 4th
Colin Williams Tight Ends 4th
Reference: NCATAggies.com[41]

Future opponents[edit]

Future Conference Opponents[edit]

With the MEAC's 11 football team setup, teams are rotated on a two-year cycle with alternating home and away games. North Carolina A&T plays North Carolina Central (NCCU) and South Carolina State (SCSU) as a permanent annual conference opponents, with the remaining eight being rotated on and off of the schedule.

2014 2015 2016 2017
vs Hampton vs Bethune-Cookman at Bethune-Cookman TBA
at Savannah State at Norfolk State vs Norfolk State TBA

Future Non-Conference Opponents[edit]

In early 2014, it was announced that the Aggies would open the 2014 Season against Alabama A&M in the 10th Annual MEAC-SWAC Challenge, Held in Orlando, FL.[42] At the start of the 2014 football season, it was announced that the Aggies have signed a one year contract to play the University of North Carolina Tarheels on September 12, 2015 in Chapel Hill. This game will mark the first meeting between the two teams.[43]

2014 2015 2016 2017
Alabama A&M
(MEAC/SWAC Challenge)
at University of North Carolina TBA TBA
vs Coastal Carolina TBA TBA TBA
at Elon TBA TBA TBA
vs Chowan

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In 1989 Demetrius Harrison was named Defensive Player of the Year
  2. ^ In 1997 Chris McNeil was named Defensive Player of the Year
  3. ^ The 1968 Black college national football championship was shared with the Alcorn State Braves
  4. ^ The 1990 Black college national football championship was shared with the Central State Marauders
  5. ^ The 1975 MEAC Championship was shared with the South Carolina State Bulldogs
  6. ^ Maryland Eastern Shore discontinued it's football program in 1980.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NC A&T Yearly Results- 1901". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Warehouse. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "NC A&T Yearly Results- 1915-1919". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Warehouse. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "North Carolina A&T Coaching Records". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Warehouse. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "North Carolina A&T Yearly Results (1920-1924)". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Date Warehouse. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "2009 NC A&T Aggies Football Media Guide". http://www.ncataggies.com. North Carolina A&T Athletics. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Harry R. Jefferson Records by Year". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Database. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Inman A. Breaux Coaching Records". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "2013 NC A&T Football Media Guide". ncataggies.com. NC A&T Athletics. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "NC A&T Yearly Results-1950". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. college football data warehouse. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "NC A&T Yearly Results - 1964". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "History of the MEAC". http://www.meacsports.com. Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  12. ^ The Sports Network North Carolina A&T Football Records
  13. ^ "North Carolina A&T Yearly Results (1990-1994)-". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "North Carolina A&T Yearly Results (2000-2004)". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "North Carolina A&T Fires Football Coach". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "2008 NC A&T past schedule". http://www.docsports.com. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  17. ^ "Alonzo Lee Bio". ncataggies.com. North Carolina A&T Athletics. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "North Carolina A&T Yearly Records (2010-2014)". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "N.C. A&T Fires Coach Alonzo Lee After 1-10 Season". ncaa.com. National Collegiate Athletic Association. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "Broadway spurns A&T; will remain Grambling's football coach". http://meacswacsports.blogspot.com. MEAC/SWAC SPORTS MAIN STREET. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  21. ^ "Broadway Named Aggie Head Football Coach". http://www.meacsports.com. MEAC Media Relations. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  22. ^ Morrison, David (11 June 2013). "N.C. A&T football emerges free of APR penalties for first time since '08". News & Record. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  23. ^ "Aggies Bring The Fireworks, Upset App St.". ncataggies.com. North Carolina A&T Sports Information. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  24. ^ "Rod Broadway Bio". ncataggies.com. North Carolina A&T Sports Information. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  25. ^ Blue Death Valley: The History of Aggie Stadium
  26. ^ Dr. Albert W. Spruill. "Origins of The Aggie Bulldog". Bluedeathvalley.com. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  27. ^ "With Deficits Mounting, Winston-Salem State Steps Back From Division I". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  28. ^ "North Carolina A&T Yearly Results (2000-2004)". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. college football data warehouse. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  29. ^ "North Carolina A&T Bowl History". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Database. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  30. ^ "North Carolina A&T Opponents". http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Database. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  31. ^ "A Brief History of UMES Football". http://www.umes.edu. University of Maryland Eastern Shore. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  32. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/colleges/nocarolinaat/
  33. ^ "2010 NC A&T Football Media Guide". ncataggies.com. North Carolina A&T Athletics. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  34. ^ "Robert "Stonewall" Jackson - NCCU Hall of Fame Bio". http://nccueaglepride.com. North Carolina Central University. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  35. ^ "J.D. Smith Bio". http://www.nfl.com. National Football League. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  36. ^ "Dwaine Board Bio". http://www.clevelandbrowns.com. National Football League. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  37. ^ "Cornell Gordon Bio". http://www.newyorkjets.com. National Football League. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  38. ^ "Troy Pelshak Statistics". http://www.justsportsstats.com. Just Sports Stats. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  39. ^ "Elvin Bethea Pro Football Hall of Fame profile". http://www.profootballhof.com. Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  40. ^ "William Hayes - Greensboro Sports Commission". http://www.greensborosports.org. Greensboro Sports Commission. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  41. ^ "NC A&T 2014 Football Roster". http://www.ncataggies.com. NC A&T Athletics. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  42. ^ Birdsong, Nick. "Alabama A&M to face North Carolina A&T in MEAC-SWAC Challenge on ESPN network to start 2014". http://www.al.com. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  43. ^ Sirera, Joe. "N.C. A&T football team will play at UNC in 2015". News & Observer. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 

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