North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University
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|North Carolina A&T
|Motto||Mens et Manus (Latin)|
|Motto in English||Mind and Hand|
|Established||March 9, 1891|
|Type||Public Land Grant|
|Location||Greensboro, North Carolina, United States
200 acre (0.8 km²) main campus,
492 acre (1.99 km²) agricultural campus
|Former names||The Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race, The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina|
|Affiliations||Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC)|
The North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (NC A&T or A&T) is a land-grant university located in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. It is the largest publicly funded historically black college (HBCU) in the state of North Carolina.
NC A&T is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina System. It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) and classified as a research university with high research activity by The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. Founded in 1891 and known then as The Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race.
NC A&T is one of the nation's leading producers of African-American engineers with bachelor's, master's and doctorate degrees. NASA is one of the major partners of the School of Engineering. It is also the nation's top producer of minorities with degrees (as a whole) in science, mathematics, engineering and technology. NC A&T is also a leading producer of minority certified public accountants, landscape architects, and veterinarians. NC A&T offers 116 bachelor's degrees, 54 master's degrees, and doctorate degrees in energy, environmental, electrical engineering studies, Leadership Studies, and mechanical, electrical, and industrial engineering. NC A&T is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund.
The North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University was established as a "mechanical college" for the "Colored Race" by an act of the General Assembly of North Carolina, ratified March 9, 1891. The act read in part: "That the leading objective of the college shall be to teach practical agriculture and the mechanic arts and such learning as related thereto, not excluding academic and classical instruction." This college was established along with North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical College, now known as North Carolina State University; due to segregation laws, whites and blacks could not attend college together. The college operated in Raleigh at the private Shaw University until 1893, when donations from Dr. Dewitt, C. Benbow and Charles H. Moore totaling $11,000 and 14 acres (57,000 m²) of land allowed the establishment of a campus in Greensboro. The original course of study of A&T included languages and literature, mathematics, business, agriculture and military science. Female students enrolled from 1893 until 1901, but not again until 1928. In 1915, the name of the College became The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina by act of the NC General Assembly.
|John O. Crosby||1892–1896|
|James B. Dudley||1896–1925|
|Ferdinand D. Bluford||1925-1955|
|Warmoth T. Gibbs||1955–1960|
|Samuel D. Proctor||1960–1964|
|Lewis C. Dowdy||1964–1980|
|Cleon F. Thompson*||1980–1981|
|Edward B. Fort||1981–1999|
|James C. Renick||1999–2006|
|Lloyd V. Hackley*||2006–2007|
|Stanley F. Battle||2007–2009|
|Harold L. Martin Sr.||2009-current|
|*denotes Interim Chancellor|
On February 1, 1960, four A&T freshmen helped spark the civil rights movement in the South. Ezell Blair (Jibreel Khazan), Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, and David Richmond "sat-in" at an all white eating establishment (Woolworth's) and demanded equal service at the lunch counter. Because of their great desire for change and equality they inspired many other students of the university to join them in their non-violent protest to desegregate Woolworth's lunch counter. By the end of July 1960, their mission was accomplished and they became the A&T Four and their campaign became known as the Greensboro sit-ins. Seven years later, the college gained university status and became North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. The school was centrally involved in the 1969 Greensboro uprising when it was stormed by the National Guard in what was described at the time as "the most massive armed assault ever made against an American university".
On February 25, 2009, Chancellor Stanley Battle announced his resignation, effective June 30, 2009, citing family and personal issues. The following month, on May 22, 2009, Dr. Harold L. Martin Sr. was elected as the 12th chancellor of the university by UNC System Board of Governors.
North Carolina A&T State University comprises seven (7) Schools and two Colleges:
- College of Arts & Sciences
- College of Engineering
- School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences
- School of Business & Economics
- School of Education
- School of Technology
- School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering (in conjunction with the University of North Carolina at Greensboro)
- School of Nursing
- School of Graduate Studies
Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina Historic District
|Location:||E. side of Dudley St. between Bluford St. and Headen Dr., Greensboro, North Carolina|
|Area:||10.1 acres (4.1 ha)|
|Architectural style:||Colonial Revival, Classical Revival, Other, Georgian Revival|
|Added to NRHP:||October 20, 1988|
The main campus is spread out over 200 acres (0.81 km2) and is just nine blocks from downtown Greensboro. The campus is divided into three zones which contain administrative, classroom, and residence halls. A portion of the campus is the Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina Historic District, which was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.
North Campus 
The area known as North Campus provides Traditional, Suite, and Apartment style living options for students residing on campus. North Campus residence halls include: Cooper Hall, Alex Haley Hall, and The Aggie Village. North Campus is also home to such buildings as The Memorial Student Union, Aggie Stadium, and Corbett Sports Center. This area also houses various academic buildings for students majoring in Business, Communications, English, Political Science, History, Math, Physics, Dance & Theater, Biology, as well as other disciplines in the School of Business, Economics, and The College of Arts and Sciences.
East Campus 
This area provides Suite, and Apartment style living to students. East Campus residence halls house facilities offering single, double, and private room environments. The residence halls on East Campus are: Pride Hall, The Aggie Suites, and Aggie Terrace. The residence halls are in close proximity to Corbett Sports Center, and the fitness and wellness center. East Campus houses various academic buildings for students affiliated with The School of Business and Economics, Air Force & Army ROTC, Education and Animal Science. East Campus also houses Dowdy Administrative Building and the Office of Student Admissions.
South Campus 
South campus is home to A&T's more historic buildings. South campus residence halls provide Traditional community living. The residence Halls of south campus include: Barbee, Curtis, Holland, Morrison, Morrow, and Vanstory Halls. South campus is also home to Bluford Library, The College of Engineering, Williams Cafeteria, the Dudley Building (University Art Gallery),the Holland Bowl, the Fraternity and Sorority Plots, also known as "Greek Lane," as well as Sebastion Health Center.
City Transit 
The Greensboro Transit Authority (GTA) offers public bus service throughout the city of Greensboro. NC A&T is served by Route 10 - East Market Street (Monday - Saturday) and Route 22 - E. Market Street/Bessemer Avenue/Phillips Avenue (Sundays). The GTA also offers a service called Higher Education Area Transit, or HEAT. This service links downtown attractions to area colleges and universities. Students from eligible institutions are allowed to ride HEAT fare-free with a valid school identification card or HEAT issued farecard. NC A&T is served by Routes 70 (East Heat), 75 (A&T Heat) on weekdays and also Route 70/71 (East West) on evenings and weekends.
On Campus Transit 
The campus also has its own transportation service called The Aggie Pride Shuttle. The shuttle travels to various stops on campus and contains two routes: The Blue Route and The Gold Route. Each route services a different half of the campus. The Memorial student union serves as the transfer point between the two routes.
North Carolina A&T's Athletic program is classified as Division I by the NCAA. The athletic program offers 6 varsity sports for men and 9 for women. North Carolina A&T fields teams in: Baseball, Basketball, Football, indoor/outdoor Track & Field and cross country for male athletes. NC A&T also fields teams in Basketball, Bowling, Softball, volleyball, indoor/outdoor Track & Field, Tennis, cross country, and Swimming for female athletes. The school athletic teams are called the Aggies or Lady Aggies. Cheerleading is offered as the only co-ed sport at the university. The Aggie cheer squad are multiple time MEAC champions in both all girls and co-ed division cheerleading. The university participates in the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) in all varsity sports. The Aggies Football program participates in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS).
The current athletic director for the university is Mr. Wheeler Brown. Brown became the director of athletics for North Carolina A&T on August 11, 2008. Before returning to his alma mater in 2002, Brown held the positions of assistant athletics director and assistant men’s basketball coach at Wheeling and Jesuit University. Brown played for the Aggies football team from 1974–78, and graduated from N.C. A&T in 1979 with a degree in health and physical education. Brown, a native of Baltimore, Maryland, was a part of N.C. A&T’s first MEAC football championship in 1975. Brown was an all-conference performer at offensive tackle for the Aggies and was inducted into the N.C. A&T Hall of Fame in 2003.
Student life 
Student Government Association 
The NC A&T SU Student Government Association (SGA) is the undergraduate student government of North Carolina A&T State University. The SGA consists of The Executive Branch, The Student Senate, Judiciary Branch, and Class Officers.
Greek life 
North Carolina A&T State University's Greek Community consists of all nine of the Historically Black National Pan-Hellenic Council Fraternities and Sororities, as well as local social organizations, honor societies and professional organizations. In order to function on campus, these organizations are registered with The Office of Student Affairs, and are under the jurisdiction of one of NC A&T SU's three Greek governing councils. The Office of Student Affairs works closely with individual organizations in the development of their activities, community service programming, and Membership Intake Processes.
National Pan-Hellenic Council 
|Organization||Chapter Name||Year Chartered||Year Founded||Website|
|Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity||Beta Epsilon. (ΒΕ.)||1929||1906||The Beta Epsilon. Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.|
|Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority||Alpha Phi (ΑΦ)||1932||1908|
|Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity||Alpha Nu (AN)||1933||1911|
|Omega Psi Phi fraternity||Mu Psi (MΨ)||1927||1911|
|Delta Sigma Theta sorority||Alpha Mu (AM)||1932||1913|
|Phi Beta Sigma fraternity||Eta (H)||1915||1914|
|Zeta Phi Beta sorority||Zeta Alpha (ZA)||1934||1920|
|Sigma Gamma Rho sorority||Gamma (Γ)||1951||1922|
|Iota Phi Theta fraternity||Zeta (Z)||1970||1963|
Greek Lettered Council 
Other National fraternities and sororities with registered chapters are members of the Greek Lettered Council. The current members on campus include:
|Organization||Chapter Name||Year Chartered||Year Founded|
|Kappa Kappa Psi honorary band fraternity||Iota Zeta (IZ)||1990||1919|
|Tau Beta Sigma honorary band sorority||Theta Zeta (ΘZ)||1990||1946|
|Alpha Phi Omega service fraternity||Kappa Psi (KΨ)||1952||1925|
|Chi Eta Phi sorority||Sigma Chi Beta (ΣXB)||1975||1932|
|Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia fraternity||Iota Beta (IB)||1972||1898|
|Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity||Pi Iota(I)||2004||1909|
Social fellowships 
National Social Fellowships that do not affiliate with Greek Lettered organizations fall under the jurisdiction of 'Social Fellowships. The Current Members on campus Include:
|Organization||Chapter Name||Year Chartered||Year Founded|
|Groove Phi Groove S.F.I.||Aggie Chapter||1969||1962|
|Organization||Chapter Name||Year Chartered||Year Founded||Website|
|Swing Phi Swing S.F.I.||Aggie Chapter||1971||1969||Aggie Chapter Official Site|
Marching band 
The athletic teams at the university are supported by The North Carolina A&T State University Blue & Gold Marching Machine, the university's marching band. The entire volunteer band typically performs at football games, parades, and battle of the bands from September through the month of November. Additionally, the smaller pep bands play at all home basketball games. The band is under the direction of Dr. Kenneth G. Ruff, an alumnus of the university.
Started in 1918, By Mr. W. E. Lew, the band program, has grown from a 50-piece ensemble grew to the 210 member band of Today. It was not until the 1930s that marching band was offered as an extracurricular activity. During this time, A&T had the distinction of being the only Historically Black college in North Carolina with a band. In the mid 1960s, the band introduced the concept of majorettes and flag twirlers. In the late 1970s to early 1980s, the band underwent a change in leadership. Mr. Jimmy Williams and Dr. Johnny B. Hodge, Jr. became the directors of the band. During this era, the marching band also was renamed to the current “Blue & Gold Marching Machine” moniker. Dr. Hodge's tenure as the director of band's spanned over four decades. It was not until Hodge's retirement in 2003, that then assistant of bands, Dr. Kenneth Ruff, became the director. In Addition to Dr. Ruff, the Blue and Gold Marching Machine's leadership also includes assistant director of bands, Mr. Brian Millsap. The Blue and Gold Marching Machine has performed in many major performances including the Macy’s Day Parade in New York City, the 2009 Honda Battle of the Bands in Atlanta, Georgia and also performing in the Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac, Michigan.
The band currently is divided by into 11 sections; 9 of which consist of instrumentalist. Each section is run by its own section leader(s). Those sections: Ebony Queens and Kings (Clarinets), Essence of Silver (piccolos), Saxually Active (Saxophones), Scream Machine (Trumpets), Sonic Boom (French Horns), Freight Train (Trombones), Crucial EU (Euphoniums), Thundar Brothers (Sousaphones), Cold Steel (Percussion), Golden Delight (Baton twirlers/Dancers/Flags) and Smooth Ignition (Drum Majors)
Marching Style 
The Blue & Gold Marching Machine utilizes a variation of the high step marching style. This involves the lifting of the knee with legs directly in front, thighs parallel to the ground, and toes pointed downward. When the leg is elevated, there should be a 90-degree angle with the body and the thigh, and a 90-degree angle with the thigh and the shin. The leg is then lowered, and this is repeated with the other leg. This is informally referred to as the "chair step". This is also the style commonly found in many HBCU bands.
The students of NC A&T SU contribute to the university's official media outlets. WNNA 90.1 FM is The School's Official Radio Station WNAA 90.1 FM A&T Radio Station and The A&T Register is The School's Student Newspaper.
Notable alumni 
See also 
- The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. "Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education: North Carolina A&T State University". Retrieved 2009-10-31.
- NC A&T Points of Pride
- NC A&T History
- Civil Rights Greensboro
- Biondi, Martha (2 July 2012). The Black Revolution on Campus. University of California Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-520-95352-9.
- News & Observer: N.C. A&T losing its chancellor
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Player Bio: Tevester Anderson - JACKSON STATE OFFICIAL ATHLETIC SITE
- Susan Candiotti, Maria Ressa, Justine Redman and Henry Schuster CNN (December 19, 2002). "Suspected 9/11 mastermind graduated from U.S. university". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2010-10-06.