North Carolina Central University

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North Carolina Central University
NCCU seal.png
Motto Truth and Service
Established 1910
Type Public, HBCU
Chancellor Debra Saunders-White
Provost Johnson O. Akinleye[1]
Academic staff 390 full time, 259 part time[2]
Students 8,612
Location Durham, North Carolina,
United States
Campus Urban
Former names National Religious Training School and Chautauqua
National Training School
Durham State Normal School
North Carolina College for Negroes
North Carolina College at Durham
Colors Maroon and Gray
         
Athletics NCAA Division I
Nickname Eagles
Affiliations Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Website www.nccu.edu
North Carolina Central University
North Carolina Central University is located in North Carolina
North Carolina Central University
Location Bounded by Lawson St., Alston Ave., Nelson, and Fayetteville Sts., Durham, North Carolina
Coordinates 35°58′27″N 78°53′55″W / 35.97417°N 78.89861°W / 35.97417; -78.89861Coordinates: 35°58′27″N 78°53′55″W / 35.97417°N 78.89861°W / 35.97417; -78.89861
Built 1928
Architect Atwood & Nash; Public Works Administration
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Georgian Revival
Governing body State
MPS Durham MRA
NRHP Reference #

86000676

[3]
Added to NRHP March 28, 1986

North Carolina Central University (NCCU) is a public historically black university in the University of North Carolina system, located in Durham, North Carolina, offering programs at the baccalaureate, master’s, professional and doctoral levels. The University is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund.

History[edit]

North Carolina Central University campus
James E. Shepard, president of North Carolina State College, c. 1947
Presidents/Chancellors
James E. Shepard President 1909–1947
Alfonso Elder President 1948–1963
Samuel P. Massie President 1963–1966
Albert N. Whiting President
Chancellor
1967–1972
1972–1982
LeRoy T. Walker Chancellor 1983–1986
Tyronza R. Richmond Chancellor 1986–1992
Donna J. Benson Interim Chancellor 1992–1993
Julius L. Chambers Chancellor 1993–2001
James H. Ammons Chancellor 2001–2007
Beverly Washington Jones Interim Chancellor 2007–2007
Charlie Nelms Chancellor 2007–2012
Charles Becton Interim Chancellor 2012–2013
Debra Saunders-White Chancellor 2013–present

North Carolina Central University was founded by James E. Shepard as the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua in the Hayti District. It was chartered in 1909 as a private institution and opened on July 5, 1910. Along with other progressives, Woodrow Wilson, the future U.S. President, contributed some private support for the school's founding.[4] The school was sold and reorganized in 1915, becoming the National Training School; it was supported by Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage, a philanthropist of New York who was particularly concerned about education. It supported Black teacher development in the Jim Crow era, a time when funding and support for Black education by southern states was severely limited.

Statue of NCCU founder James E. Shepard. James E. Shepard was also a pharmacist, civil servant and educator. He served as the first president of NCCU for nearly 40 years.

Becoming a state-funded institution in 1923, it was renamed Durham State Normal School. In 1925, reflecting the expansion of its programs to a four-year curriculum with a variety of majors, it was renamed the North Carolina College for Negroes. It was the nation's first state-supported liberal arts college for black students.[5] To avoid the Jim Crow system of segregated passenger cars on the train, Shepard insisted on traveling to Raleigh by car to lobby the legislature.[5] The college's first four-year class graduated in 1929.

The college was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools as an “A” class institution in 1937, but it was not admitted to membership until 1957. Graduate courses in the School of Arts and Sciences were added in 1939, in the School of Law in 1940, and in the School of Library Science in 1941. In 1947, the General Assembly changed the name of the institution to North Carolina College at Durham.

On October 6, 1947, Shepard, the founder and president, died. He was succeeded in 1948 by Alfonso Elder. Elder served as president until he retired September 1, 1963. Samuel P. Massie was appointed as the third president on August 9, 1963, and resigned on February 1, 1966. On July 1, 1967, Albert N. Whiting assumed the presidency, serving until his retirement June 30, 1983.

The 1969 General Assembly designated the institution as one of the State's regional universities, and the name was changed to North Carolina Central University. Since 1972, NCCU has been a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina system. On July 1, 1972, the state’s four-year colleges and universities were joined to become The Consolidated University of North Carolina, with 16 individual campuses, headed by a single president and governed by the University of North Carolina Board of Governors. However, each campus was led by a separate chancellor and a campus-specific Board of Trustees.[6]

Whiting was succeeded by LeRoy T. Walker as chancellor, followed by Tyronza R. Richmond, Julius L. Chambers (who had previously been director-counsel (chief executive) of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund), James H. Ammons, Charlie Nelms, and in 2013 by Debra Saunders-White, the first woman to hold the office on a permanent basis (Donna Benson was the first woman to serve as interim chancellor of the university).[7]

Campus[edit]

The campus is located about a mile south of downtown Durham, North Carolina and about three miles east of Duke University. The campus is on the National Register of Historic Places.

North Carolina Central University entrance seen from S. Alston Avenue.

Organization[edit]

NCCU is a part of the UNC System. The campus is governed by a thirteen member Board of Trustees: eight elected, four appointed, and the president of the Student Government Association also serves as an ex-officio member. The Board elects its officers annually and meets five times per year.[8]

As of 2011, NCCU had a total of 8,587 students, (full and part-time) including 5396 full-time undergraduate and 1233 full-time graduate students. Sixty-four percent are women and 36 percent are men. Eighty-five percent are African-American, 6 percent are white, and 2 percent are Hispanic.[9] As of 2007, NCCU had a student faculty ratio of 13:1.[2]

Rankings[edit]

  • U.S. News & World Report #1 Public HBCU
  • U.S. News & World Report #11 HBCU
  • U.S. News & World Report #36 Public University in the South Region
  • U.S. News & World Report #55 Masters level University

In 2005, NCCU was No. 1 among HBCU in North Carolina in the recruitment of National Achievement Scholars and a leader among all institutions in the state trailing Duke University and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.[citation needed]

Colleges[edit]

  • College of Behavioral & Social Sciences
  • College of Liberal Arts
  • College of Science & Technology

Schools[edit]

Research institutes[edit]

NCCU in conjunction with the African American Jazz Caucus sponsors a Jazz Research Institute which conducts an annual Summer Jazz Festival and offers a program in Jazz Studies.[10]

  • Biomedical/Biotechnology Research Institute
  • Biomanufacturing Research Institute and Technology Enterprise

Additional programs[edit]

  • Continuing Education
  • Evening & Weekend Degree Program

Student activities[edit]

View of the NCCU campus seen from the Hoey Administration Building

Student organizations[edit]

North Carolina Central University has 130 registered student organizations and 12 honor societies.

Student media[edit]

The students of North Carolina Central University publish the Campus Echo, a bi-weekly newspaper that has been in publication since the school's founding in 1910.[11][12] The Campus Echo contains articles covering local events, arts and entertainment, and sports among other topics.

Athletics[edit]

NCCU sponsors fourteen men’s and women’s sports teams that participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I as a newly readmitted member of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. Athletic teams include football, softball, baseball, basketball, track and field, tennis, volleyball, bowling, and golf.

NCCU's O'Kelly-Riddick Stadium home to the MEAC Division I FCS Eagles
A view of the NCCU track, soccer field along with Richmond Residence Hall and the LeRoy T. Walker Physical Education Complex (far right)

Rivals[edit]


Marching band[edit]

The North Carolina Central University Marching Band known as the Marching Sound Machine was one of two bands selected from North Carolina to participate in the 2011 Rose Bowl Parade in Pasadena, CA.

Notable alumni[edit]

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
Sunshine Anderson singer
Herman Boone 1958 former high school football coach, profiled in the motion picture Remember the Titans
Frank Ballance 1963 former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (North Carolina 1st district)
Ernie Barnes 1960 artist and former professional football player
Larry Black Olympic track & field gold and silver medalist
Dan Blue multiple African-American "firsts": North Carolina Speaker of the House; president of National Conference of State Legislatures
Julia Boseman 1992 State Senator (North Carolina)
Jim Brewington former professional football player
Wanda G. Bryant 1982 North Carolina Court of Appeals jurist
G. K. Butterfield 1974 Congressman and former Associate Justice, North Carolina Supreme Court
Phonte Coleman rapper
Kim Coles comedian and actress
Julius L. Chambers 1958 lawyer, civil rights leader, and educator. Founded the first integrated law firm in North Carolina
Eva M. Clayton former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (North Carolina's 1st district)
Lee Davis 1968 former professional basketball player, 1-time ABA all-star [13]
James M. DeVone,Sr. 1966 former professional football player: Charleston Rockets, Charleston, W.V. Team owned by Jay Rockefeller; Inventor/Author/Manufacturing Co. Executive
Ivan Dixon 1954 actor, Hogan's Heroes
Mike Easley 1976 former Governor of North Carolina
Rick Elmore 1982 North Carolina Court of Appeals jurist
Kevin Foy Mayor, Chapel Hill, N.C.
Willie E. Gary 1974 attorney, motivational speaker and cable television executive
Bill Hayes 1965 former head football coach at Winston Salem State University and North Carolina A&T State University; current athletic director at Winston-Salem State University
Harold Hunter First African-American to sign a contract with the NBA; former coach for Tennessee State, player for North Carolina College [14]
Maynard Jackson 1964 first black mayor of Atlanta, Georgia. Graduate of NC Central University School of Law
Sam Jones NBA Hall of Famer
Vernon Jones politician and former chief executive officer of Dekalb County, Georgia
Eleanor Kinnaird Member of the North Carolina Senate (23rd district)
Clarence Lightner First black mayor of Raleigh, N.C.
Bishop Eddie Long Senior Pastor, New Birth Missionary Baptist Church, Lithonia, Georgia
Lillian M. Lowery Superintendent of the Maryland State Department of Education
Jeanne Lucas First black elected to the North Carolina Senate
Crystal Mangum False accuser in the Duke lacrosse case and convicted murderer. [15]
Robert Massey 1989 former NFL defensive back and current head football coach at Shaw University
Henry "Mickey" Michaux member of the North Carolina House of Representatives (31st district)
LeVelle Moton 1996 former NC Central basketball player and current head coach of the men's basketball team
Greg Peterson 2007 former professional football player
Xavier Proctor 2013 Football player
Charles Romes 1977 former professional football player
Julius Sang former Kenyan track athlete

{{Alum name=Richard Sligh|year=1966|nota=Professional Football Player-Oakland Raiders (California) and Cincinnati "Bengals" (Ohio); "Tallest Pro Football Player"|ref=}}

André Leon Talley Editor-at-Large, Vogue Magazine
Cressie Thigpen 1968 North Carolina Court of Appeals jurist
Doug Wilkerson former professional football player
Paul Winslow former professional football player
Arenda L. Wright Allen 1985 judge of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
Yahzarah attended singer
David Young former professional basketball player
Ernie Warlick former AFL and CFL prefessional football player

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NCCU News". Nccu.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Eagle Facts in Brief: 2007- 2008". Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  4. ^ James Edward Shepard to Woodrow Wilson, October 2, 1909, in Arthur S. Link, ed., The Papers of Woodrow Wilson, Volume 19, pp. 399-400.
  5. ^ a b Channing, Steven (2009-04-01). "John Hope Franklin, 1915-2009". Independent Weekly. 
  6. ^ "Board of Trustees". Retrieved 2010-11-12. 
  7. ^ Platt, Wes (February 8, 2013). "The stars kind of collided". Durham Herald-Sun. Retrieved April 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "About the Board". NCCU. Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  9. ^ "North Carolina Central University College Portrait". Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  10. ^ "NAJRI: NCCU AAJC Research Institute". NCCU. Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  11. ^ Echo Staff. "About the Campus Echo". Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  12. ^ Digital NC. "North Carolina Central University Newspapers". http://www.digitalnc.org/. Digital NC. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Lee Davis Statistics". Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  14. ^ "Former Tennessee State basketball coach Harold Hunter dies". The City Paper. 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  15. ^ http://www.foxnews.com/story/2007/04/11/crystal-gail-mangum-profile-duke-rape-accuser.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]