North Carolina Supreme Court

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North Carolina Supreme Court
North Carolina Supreme Court seal.png
Seal of the Supreme Court of North Carolina
Established 1818
Country North Carolina North Carolina, United States United States
Location Raleigh, North Carolina
Authorized by North Carolina Constitution
Decisions are appealed to Supreme Court of the United States
Judge term length 8 years
Number of positions 7
Website NCcourts.org
Chief Justice
Currently Sarah Parker
Since January 2006
Lead position ends January 2015

The Supreme Court of the State of North Carolina is the state's highest appellate court. Until the creation of the North Carolina Court of Appeals in the 1960s, it was the state's only appellate court. The Supreme Court consists of six associate justices and one chief justice, although the number of justices has varied from time to time. The primary function of the Supreme Court is to decide questions of law that have arisen in the lower courts and before state administrative agencies.

History[edit]

Justice Building in Raleigh, NC

The first North Carolina appellate court, created in 1799, was called the Court of Conference and consisted of several Superior Court (trial) judges sitting en banc twice each year to review appeals from their own courts. In 1805 it was named the Supreme Court, and a seal and motto were to be procured.[1]

From the time the North Carolina General Assembly created the Court as a distinct body in 1818 to 1868, the members of the Court were chosen by the General Assembly and served for life, or "during good behavior." The legislature appointed John Louis Taylor, Leonard Henderson, and John Hall as the first Supreme Court judges. The three judges were allowed to select their own Chief Justice, and they chose Taylor. The Court first met on January 1, 1819.

Since the adoption of the 1868 state constitution, each justice has been elected (separately, including a distinct Chief Justice position) by the people to an eight-year term. There are no term limits. Today, these races are non-partisan.

Susie Sharp became the court's first female justice in 1962 (and later, she became its first female chief justice). In 2011, the court had a female majority for the first time.[2]

The Supreme Court is housed in the Law and Justice Building, located across from the North Carolina State Capitol in Raleigh, North Carolina. The building was built in 1940 and underwent major renovations in 2005–2007.[3]

In 1975 a new seal was adopted. The old Latin phrase Suum cuique was amended to Suum cuique tribuere.[4]

Justices[edit]

Current Justices[edit]

The Court's current (January 2013) members are:

Name Born Joined Term Ends[5] Mandatory Retirement[6] Law School Attended
Sarah Parker, Chief Justice 1942 1993 2014 Aug. 23, 2014 University of North Carolina School of Law
Cheri Beasley 1966 2013 2014 Feb. 14, 2038 University of Tennessee College of Law
Robert H. Edmunds, Jr. 1949 2001 2016 April 17, 2021 University of North Carolina School of Law
Robin E. Hudson 1952 2007 2014 Feb. 20, 2024 University of North Carolina School of Law
Barbara Jackson 1961 2011 2018 Dec. 25, 2033 University of North Carolina School of Law, Duke University Law School (LL.M.)
Mark Martin 1963 1999 2014 April 29, 2035 University of North Carolina School of Law
Paul Martin Newby 1955 2004 2020 May 5, 2027 University of North Carolina School of Law

Chief Justices[edit]

Note that dates are for service as Chief Justice only. Many Chief Justices have also served as associate justices.

  1. John Louis Taylor (1818–1829)
  2. Leonard Henderson (1829–1833)
  3. Thomas Ruffin (1833–1852)
  4. Frederick Nash (1852–1858)
  5. Richmond Mumford Pearson (1858–1878)
  6. William Nathan Harrell Smith (1878–1889)
  7. Augustus Summerfield Merrimon (1889–1892)
  8. James E. Shepherd (1893–1895)
  9. William T. Faircloth (1895–1901)
  10. David M. Furches (1901–1903)
  11. Walter Clark (1903–1924)
  12. William A. Hoke (1924–1925)
  13. Walter P. Stacy (1925–1951)
  14. William A. Devin (1951–1954)
  15. M.V. Barnhill (1954–1956)
  16. J. Wallace Winborne (1956–1962)
  17. Emery B. Denny (1962–1966)
  18. R. Hunt Parker (1966–1969)
  19. William H. Bobbitt (1969–1974)
  20. Susie Sharp (1975–1979)
  21. Joseph Branch (1979–1986)
  22. Rhoda Billings (1986)
  23. James G. Exum (1986–1995)
  24. Burley Mitchell (1995–1999)
  25. Henry Frye (1999–2001)
  26. I. Beverly Lake, Jr. (2001–2006)
  27. Sarah Parker (2006–present)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ News & Observer: Newest Madam Justice makes supremely female majority
  3. ^ News & Observer: Renovated Law and Justice Building now open
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Term ends Dec. 31 of the year listed.
  6. ^ North Carolina judges must retire on the last day of the month in which they turn age 72 if they are still in office (see also http://judgepedia.org/Mandatory_Retirement).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°46′46″N 78°38′19″W / 35.779412°N 78.638479°W / 35.779412; -78.638479