North Carolina Transportation Museum

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North Carolina Transportation Museum
NCTM 1920 Ford Model AA Truck.jpg
Antique automobiles.
Established 1982
Location Spencer Shops
Type Transport museum
Collection size Railroad artifacts and equipment, road vehicles, airplanes.

The North Carolina Transportation Museum (reporting mark NCMX)[1] is a transport museum in Spencer, North Carolina. The museum is largely devoted to the state's railroad history; however, its collection also includes exhibits of automobiles and aircraft. It is the largest repository of rail relics in North and South Carolina and averages 80,000 visitors annually.[2] The museum is located at the former Southern Railway's 1896-era Spencer Shops.


The museum was founded in 1977, when the Southern Railway deeded 4 acres (16,000 m2) of land to the state of North Carolina for a transportation museum. Two years later, another 53 acres (210,000 m2) was added to the original donation; the entirety of the railway's largest former steam locomotive repair shops. The museum is currently undergoing a major renovation which will increase its size and number of exhibits.

Several bays of the Spencer Shops roundhouse are devoted to volunteered restorations of locomotives and rolling stock in the museum collection. It was here that the 542 was worked on and steam locomotives from 1896-1953 were repaired. Several view ports are accessible by the public as well as a video station depicting the museum in the past. Visitors may also see volunteers manufacture their own parts, as steam engines have been out of date so long it is impossible to obtain replacement parts from any manufacturer.

Heritage railroad[edit]

The museum has a heritage railroad, which operates passenger excursion trains several times per day during the tourist season. Trains are powered by either steam or diesel locomotives from the museum's collection (however the steam locomotive #604 is out of service). Cab rides can be purchased at Barber Junction. (Diesel locomotives only).

Visitors may also purchase tickets to ride the roundhouse turntable on selected days.


Seaboard Air Line #544, one of over 200 undelivered Russian Decapods.
Southern E-Unit # 6900.

The museum's roster contains almost 30 locomotives.


  • Graham County 3-truck shay # 1925
  • Buffalo Creek & Gauley 2-8-0 # 4/Spencer (painted Southern letters) 2-8-0 # 604
  • Southern 2-8-0 # 542
  • Seaboard Air Line 2-10-0 # 544
  • Norfolk and Western J Class #611 (Under restoration)


  • Southern E8A-Unit # 6900
  • Norfolk & Western GP9 # 620
  • Atlantic Coast Line E3A-Unit # 501[on rent]
  • Southern GP30 # 2601
  • Southern FP7-Unit # 6133
  • US Navy switcher # 65-00556
  • Duke Power Plymouth switcher # 5951
  • USA/Beaufort & Morehead H12-44 # 1860
  • Norfolk Southern Railway (former) #1616
  • Amtrak F40PHR # 307

Notable exhibits[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Railinc, Search MARKs, accessed September 2009
  2. ^ a b c Washburn, Mark. (2013, May 26). Love of railroads spans the Carolinas. The Charlotte Observer: retrieved 5/27/2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°41′13″N 80°26′10″W / 35.68694°N 80.43611°W / 35.68694; -80.43611