North Central Province, Sri Lanka

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North Central Province
උතුරු මැද පළාත
வட மத்திய மாகாணம்

Uturumeda Province
Province
Flag of North Central Province
Flag
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
Country  Sri Lanka
Created 1873
Admitted 14 November 1987
Capital Anuradhapura
Largest City Anuradhapura
Government
 • Governor Karunarathne Diulgane
 • Chief Minister S. M. Ranjith
Area
 • Total 10,472 km2 (4,043 sq mi)
Area rank 1st (16.31% of total area)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 1,259,567
 • Rank 8th (5.91% of total pop.)
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product (2010)[1]
 • Total Rs 232 billion
 • Rank 7th (4.8% of total)
Time zone Sri Lanka (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code LK-7
Official Languages Sinhala, Tamil
Website www.nc.gov.lk

North Central Province (Sinhala: උතුරු මැද පළාත Uturumeda Palata, Tamil: வட மத்திய மாகாணம் Wada Maththiya Maakaanam) is a province of Sri Lanka. Its capital is Anuradhapura. The province is not densely populated, and it has a weak economy as the land tends to be dry tropical woodlands.

History[edit]

The centralized system of Sri Lanka, which is a Unitary State, failed to satisfy the aspirations of the people and there was growing insistence on decentralization of administrative processes in order to achieve rapid economic and social development of the country. In the Sri Lankan context, devolution means transferring political and administrative decision-making authority from central government to elected bodies at lower levels.

Major Cities[edit]

Other Towns[edit]

The instruments of devolution:

(i) The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution (1987) and

(ii)The Provincial Councils Act No 42 of 1987

The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution provides for -

The establishment of Provincial Councils

The appointment and powers of the Governor of Provinces

Membership and tenure of Provincial Councils

The appointment and powers of the Board of Ministers

The legislative powers of the Provincial Councils

Alternative arrangements where there is a failure in the administrative machinery

The establishment of the High Court of the Province

The establishment of the Finance Commission

Demographics[edit]

Population of Uturumeda by ethnic group 1881 to 2009
Year Sinhalese Tamils1 Muslims2 Others Total
No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %
1881 Census 100.00%
1891 Census 100.00%
1901 Census 100.00%
1911 Census 100.00%
1921 Census 100.00%
1946 Census 100.00%
1963 Census 100.00%
1971 Census 100.00%
1981 Census 100.00%
2001 Census 100.00%
2009 Estimate 100.00%
Source:

1 Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils. 2 Sri Lankan Moors and Sri Lankan Malays.

Population of North Central Province by religion 1981 census
Administrative
District
Buddhist Hindu Muslim Roman
Catholic
Other
Christian
Others Total
No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %
Anuradhapura 100.00%
Polonnaruwa 100.00%
Total 100.00%
Source:

Provincial Council[edit]

Provincial council is the main administrative and control body of the North Central Province which is the largest province in the country covered 16% of total country's land area. It consists two districts called Polonnaruwa and Anuradhapure; Anuradhapure is the largest district in the country. NCP also called Wew Bendi Rajje because there are more than 3000 medium and large scale tanks situated in the province. More than 65% of NCP's people depend on basic Agriculture and agro base industries.

North Central Province has numourous potentials for Investors to start their Businesses, specially Agriculture, agro based industries and Livestock sectors.

Hon. Governor of the Province - Karunarathne Diulgane

Hon. Chief Minister of the province - Samarakoon Mudiyanselage Ranjith

Chief Secretary of the province - Mr. H. M. R. B. Herath

Administrative Units[edit]

The two districts of the North Central Province.

Districts[edit]

Uturumeda is divided into 2 districts:

Education[edit]

Anuradhapura[edit]

Polonnaruwa[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°20′N 80°30′E / 8.333°N 80.500°E / 8.333; 80.500