North Charleston, South Carolina

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North Charleston, South Carolina
City
City of North Charleston
The new North Charleston City Hall
The new North Charleston City Hall
Official seal of North Charleston, South Carolina
Seal
Nickname(s): "A great place to live, work, and play"
Motto: "Perseverance – Progress – Prosperity"
SCMap-doton-NorthCharleston.PNG
Coordinates: 32°53′7″N 80°1′1″W / 32.88528°N 80.01694°W / 32.88528; -80.01694Coordinates: 32°53′7″N 80°1′1″W / 32.88528°N 80.01694°W / 32.88528; -80.01694
Country United States
State South Carolina
Counties Berkeley, Charleston, Dorchester[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor-council government
 • Mayor R. Keith Summey
Area
 • City 76.6 sq mi (198.5 km2)
 • Land 73.2 sq mi (189.6 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9.0 km2)
Elevation 25 ft (6 m)
Population (2013)
 • City 104,054 (US: 278th)
 • Rank 3rd (SC)
 • Density 1,393/sq mi (538.0/km2)
 • Metro 697,439 (US: 78th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-50875
GNIS feature ID 1225072
Website www.northcharleston.org

North Charleston is the third largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, with incorporated areas in Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester counties.[1] On June 12, 1972, the city of North Charleston incorporated and was the ninth largest city in South Carolina. As of the 2010 Census, North Charleston had a population of 97,471,[2] growing to an estimated population of 104,054 in 2013, and with a current area of more than 76.6 square miles (198.5 km2).[3][4] As defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, for use by the U.S. Census Bureau and other U.S. Government agencies for statistical purposes only, North Charleston is included within the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville metropolitan area and the Charleston-North Charleston urban area.[5] North Charleston is one of the state's major industrial centers and is the state's top city in gross retail sales.[6][7]

History[edit]

The plantations (1680–1901)[edit]

From the 17th century until the Civil War, the area was occupied primarily by plantations. Some of the plantations located in what is now North Charleston were:

  • Archdale Hall Plantation – dating from 1680, Archdale Hall was located on the Ashley River. By 1783, it had grown to almost 3,000 acres (12 km2). Its primary crops were indigo and rice. The plantation was the longest family-owned plantation in South Carolina. It has since been redeveloped into the Archdale subdivision. (Archdale subdivision is not in corporate city limits of, but is surrounded by North Charleston)
  • Camp Plantation – dating from 1705, Camp Plantation covered around 1,000 acres (4.0 km2).
  • Elms Plantation – dating from 1682, Elms Plantation was founded by Ralph Izard. Its principal crop was rice. It covered nearly 4,350 acres (17.6 km2), stretching across parts of what are now the cities of Goose Creek and North Charleston. Charleston Southern University is located on part of the original plantation lands.
French Botanical Garden historical marker, located off Aviation Avenue
  • French Botanical Garden – established between 1786 and 1796, this small plantation/garden area of 111 acres (0.45 km2) was owned and maintained by the French botanist André Michaux. It was closed by Michaux's son in 1803. The garden was located near what is today the Charleston International Airport, and the parkway connecting Dorchester Road with International Boulevard is named in his honor.
  • Marshlands, Mons Repos and Retreat Plantations – the Retreat Plantation dates from 1672 and the Marshlands Plantation dates from 1682. Mons Repos came into being around 1798. All three plantations were combined in later years to form the Charleston Naval Base and Charleston Naval Shipyard. The Marshlands Plantations' main house has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places and moved to Fort Sumter Drive on James Island.
  • Oak Grove Plantation – dating from 1680, Oak Grove originally covered 960 acres (3.9 km2) along the Cooper River. By 1750, it had grown to about 1,127 acres (4.56 km2).
  • Tranquil Hill Plantation – started in 1683, Tranquil Hill was originally known as White Hall Plantation, a name it would keep until 1773. Its principal crop was rice. It encompassed about 526 acres (2.13 km2). It has since been redeveloped into the Whitehall subdivision.[8]
  • Windsor Hill Plantation – established in 1701, Windsor Hill was an inland rice plantation that covered nearly 1,348 acres (5.46 km2), stretching across parts of what are now the cities of Goose Creek and North Charleston.[9] General William Moultrie, victor at the Battle of Sullivan's Island in 1776 and governor from 1785–87 and 1792–94, was originally buried here but was exhumed and reburied at Fort Moultrie on Sullivan's Island in 1977.[10] The Windsor Hill Plantation subdivision occupies a portion of the eponymous plantation's property.

The large plantations were continually subdivided into smaller farms as the population began moving northward. After the Civil War, phosphate fertilizer plants began to spring up, with extensive strip mining occurring between the Ashley River and Broad Path (Meeting Street Road). The main route for transportation of these phosphates would eventually become known as Ashley Phosphate Road.

Birth of a city (1901–1972)[edit]

Since the early 20th century, the section of unincorporated Charleston County that later became the city of North Charleston had been designated by Charleston business and community leaders as a place for development of industry, military and other business sites. The first industry started in this area was the E.P. Burton Lumber Company. In 1901, the Charleston Naval Shipyard was established with agreements between the federal government and local Charleston city leaders. Shortly thereafter, the General Asbestos and Rubber Company built the world's largest asbestos mill under one roof.

In 1912, a group of businessmen from the city of Charleston formed a development company that bought the E.P. Burton Lumber Company tract and began to lay out an area for further development. The Park Circle area was one of the first to be designed and developed, allocating sections for industrial, commercial, and residential usage. Park Circle was planned as one of only two English Garden Style communities in the US, and most of the original planning concept remains today. Some of the streets in the area still bear the names of these original developers: Durant, Buist, Mixon, Hyde, and O'Hear. During World War II, substantial development occurred as the military bases and industries expanded and people moved to the region to be closer to where they worked.

From World War II through the 1960s, many people who lived in this region (referred to by Charlestonians as the North Area) were unhappy about the way parts of their community were being developed. They wanted the citizens in the area to have direct control over future development. Many of their attempts to create an independent city were defeated via court rulings. As a means of bringing government closer to the people, an incorporation referendum was held on April 27, 1971. On June 12, 1972, after a series of legal battles, the South Carolina Supreme Court upheld the referendum results and North Charleston became a city with John E. Bourne Jr. as its first mayor.

The first 10 years (1972–1982)[edit]

When North Charleston incorporated on June 12, 1972, it consisted of several areas including the Russelldale, Ferndale, Morningside, Liberty Park, Palmetto Heights, Singing Pines, Dewey Hill, Liberty Homes and John C. Calhoun Homes neighborhoods. Within the first week of operation, the city passed a 61-page Code and signed a five-year lease for 308 Montague Avenue for $300.00 per month. Also during the month of June, the city hired a police chief, treasurer and annexed its first industry, which was Textone Incorporated Plywood, Westvaco. On June 21, a ribbon was cut on the first city park on Virginia Avenue. At the end of the first month, the city reached an agreement for garbage collection and fire protection by the local public service district. The month concluded with the city's first big annexation, south of Bexley Street between Spruill Avenue and the Charleston Naval Shipyard. By December, North Charleston had become the fourth largest city in the state after annexing the Naval Base, the Air Force Base and the Charleston International Airport.[6]

In February 1973, North Charleston had doubled its area through annexation, and in March expanded into Berkeley County. In May 1973, the city launched its new police department, which included 21 officers and six cars. By the end of North Charleston's first year, the population had increased from 22,000 to 53,000.

Through continued growth that included 20 churches, a 62-store shopping mall and other large tracts of residential neighborhoods, the city became the third largest city in South Carolina on July 3, 1976.

On June 12, 1982, North Charleston had a population of 65,000 in a 30.5-square-mile (79 km2) area. In ten years the city's growth rate was 250 percent. It had made $15 million in capital investments; $1.95 million invested in parks and recreation facilities, and $2.28 million in economic development.

Growing pains (1982–1996)[edit]

In 1983, North Charleston became the first city in South Carolina to implement a computer-aided dispatch system. Baker Hospital opened a new facility on the banks of the Ashley River. The following year, Wal-Mart announced plans to open one of the nation's first Sam's Clubs in North Charleston. Plans were revealed in 1985 for the 400-acre (1.6 km2) Centre Pointe development which included Sam's Club, Wal-mart and Tanger Outlet Mall as anchors.

By 1986, North Charleston's population had reached 78,000 residents spanning 47 square miles (120 km2). A monument to honor Vietnam veterans was erected and dedicated in front of City Hall, where it stood for over 20 years before being moved to Patriots Point in 2008. The city celebrated its 15th anniversary the next year, marked by such events as the opening of the Northwoods Center shopping complex and the appearance of a beach in the middle of the city with the opening of Treasure Lake.

In September 1989, Hurricane Hugo brought devastation to the area, causing over $2.8 billion in damage to the South Carolina Lowcountry.

In 1991, John E. Bourne, Jr., lost his bid for a sixth term as mayor to Bobby Kinard, who became the city's second mayor. Kinard's tenure as mayor was tumultuous and was marked by repeated conflict with the City Council, who went so far as to strip Kinard of his mayoral powers during a council meeting. Kinard would resign in 1994 on the grounds that his relationship with the council was damaged irreparably.[11]

The area saw welcome expansion in 1993 when a squadron of C-17 Globemaster III aircraft was established at Charleston Air Force Base. The North Charleston Coliseum opened, and the South Carolina Stingrays of the ECHL began play later that year.

Following Bobby Kinard's resignation in 1994, R. Keith Summey was elected the city's third mayor to fill the vacant seat.

An era ends; a city is reborn (1996–present)[edit]

The Charleston Naval Base remained the largest employer of civilians in South Carolina into the 1990s. The influence of Lowcountry legislators and the threat of nuclear attack played an important role in keeping North Charleston's bases open in the face of periodic attempts at closure.

However, in the early 1990s, with the resolution of the Cold War and impending defense budget cuts, the Charleston Navy Base was once again on the chopping block. In 1993, the Charleston Naval Base was given a closure date of April 1, 1996. With an annual expenditure of approximately 1.4 billion dollars, the closing of the base was a blow to the entire Tri-County economy. Over the years, billions of dollars had flowed into the region's economy and hundreds of thousands of jobs were provided to military and civilian personnel,[12] the vast majority being civilians. Many military personnel who worked at or passed through the base returned to the city to retire. Following the closure of the Charleston Naval Base and the Charleston Naval Shipyard, parts of the base and dry-docks were leased out to various government and private businesses. Community parks for North Charleston were established on old base grounds, to include Riverfront Park.

After years of development, community input and revisions, the Noisette Community Master Plan for the old naval base was finalized in a contractual agreement in early 2004. The plan sought to preserve historic architectural styles, neighborhood diversity and the area's unique social fabric. It also intended to restore environmental stability and beauty, attract jobs, improve services like education and health care, reduce dependence on car travel, promote recreation, eliminate the foundations of crime and poverty, and strengthen residents' sense of pride.

In the following years, however, the plan failed to come to fruition. In 2005, city officials discovered that Noisette had borrowed $3 million against land on the former base without their knowledge. The next year, Noisette borrowed $23.7 million from Capmark Investing Group, using the majority of its remaining land on the base as collateral. Noisette failed to make timely repayment to Capmark, and the property went into foreclosure. Representatives of Noisette insisted at the time that they would be able to repay Capmark and make good on their vision for redeveloping the old Navy base.[13]

Discussion between city and state officials regarding the industrial development of remaining portions of the former base stalled in 2009 primarily due to a dispute over rail access to a proposed intermodal terminal that would occupy the central portion of the area. Representatives of the state government sought to have rail access from both the north and south. This notion was directly contradicted by Mayor Summey, who insisted that the northern rail access be abandoned to avoid heavy rail traffic through the slowly revitalizing Park Circle neighborhood.[13]

In October 2009, Boeing announced the selection of North Charleston for its new 787 Dreamliner aircraft assembly and delivery prep center. This positioned North Charleston as one of the major aircraft centers of the world and paved the way for thousands of new jobs to provide quality work for residents of the city and the entire Tri-County area.[14]

In a tragic series of events in June 2010, former mayor Bobby Kinard committed suicide after dealing with depression in the aftermath of his experiences in the Vietnam War.[11] In December of that year, a Delaware corporation with ties to former state Commerce Secretary Bob Faith bought the largest parcel (approximately 240 acres (0.97 km2) at the north end of the former base) of Noisette land.[15] The corporation then transferred the deed for that land to the state's Commerce Department's Public Railways Division, giving them the impetus to move forward with their proposed rail yard with northern and southern access despite Mayor Summey's objections. The North Charleston mayor announced his intent to file a lawsuit against the state Commerce Department on the grounds that their plan violated the city's agreement with the State Ports Authority that no rail be run through the north end of the former base.[16]

North Charleston today[edit]

With the arrival of Boeing Aircraft, the city has gained international importance and stature as one of only four places in the world for the manufacture and assembly of wide-body commercial aircraft. The other three places are in and around Everett, Washington (Boeing), Toulouse, France (Airbus), and Voronezh, Russia (Ilyushin).

North Charleston continues to be the state's leader in retail sales for the twenty-first consecutive year. In calendar year 2012, gross retail sales exceeded $6.15 billion and surpassed its nearest competition, Columbia, South Carolina, by over $2 billion.

The city continues to expand its inventory of 4-star hotel accommodations. By the end of 2009, North Charleston had 7,246 rooms available for visitors to this region of South Carolina.

North Charleston is the home to the Global Financial Services – Charleston (US State Dept), located at the old Naval Station. Global Financial Services – Charleston is responsible overall for more than 200 bank accounts in over 160 countries and 169 different currencies. In 2005, it disbursed over $10 billion and purchased over $3 billion in foreign currency.

As part of an initiative by the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide mail order prescriptions to veterans using computerization, at strategic locations, North Charleston is home to a Consolidated Mail Outpatient Pharmacy (CMOP).

Since the construction of Palmetto Commerce Parkway, many businesses (including Venture Aerobearings, Daimler Vans Manufacturing, Cummins Turbo, and the VTL Group) have located and invested hundreds of millions of dollars in North Charleston's economy. Industrial hubs, such as this one, continue to provide high paying jobs in the area.

Geography[edit]

North Charleston is located near the Atlantic Ocean in the coastal plain just north of Charleston in South Carolina. According to the 2010 United States Census, the city has a total area of 76.6 square miles (198.5 km2), of which 73.2 square miles (189.6 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.0 km2), or 4.52%, is water.[2]

The city is bordered by Charleston to the south and east, the city of Hanahan to the north and east, the city of Goose Creek to the northeast, the unincorporated suburb of Ladson to the north, and the town of Summerville to the northwest. The Ashley River forms a large part of the southwest border of the city, and the Cooper River forms the southeastern border.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for The City of North Charleston, South Carolina (Airport) 32.8951 North and −80.0275 West
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 57.1
(13.9)
59.8
(15.4)
65.8
(18.8)
72.9
(22.7)
79.6
(26.4)
84.9
(29.4)
88.5
(31.4)
87.1
(30.6)
83.0
(28.3)
75.1
(23.9)
67.6
(19.8)
60.0
(15.6)
73.5
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C) 42.4
(5.8)
44.9
(7.2)
51.5
(10.8)
58.5
(14.7)
67.4
(19.7)
73.8
(23.2)
77.0
(25)
76.1
(24.5)
72.2
(22.3)
61.9
(16.6)
53.4
(11.9)
45.5
(7.5)
60.4
(15.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.62
(91.9)
2.62
(66.5)
3.83
(97.3)
2.44
(62)
2.77
(70.4)
4.96
(126)
5.50
(139.7)
6.54
(166.1)
6.13
(155.7)
3.02
(76.7)
2.18
(55.4)
2.78
(70.6)
46.39
(1,178.3)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.1 8.0 8.5 7.0 7.6 10.6 11.4 11.9 9.7 6.1 7.0 9.0 106.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 179.8 189.3 244.9 276.0 294.5 279.0 288.3 257.3 219.0 223.2 189.0 170.5 2,810.8
Source: NOAA,[17] HKO[18]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 62,479
1990 70,218 12.4%
2000 79,641 13.4%
2010 97,471 22.4%
Est. 2013 104,054 6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
2012 Estimate[20]

As of the census of 2010, there were 97,471 people, 35,316 households, and 23,271 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,360.6 people per square mile (525.3/km2). There were 42,219 housing units at an average density of 574.5 per square mile (221.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.60% White, 45.12% African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.22% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 1.78% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.97% of the population.

There were 34,012 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 22.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,719, and the median income for a family was $34,621. Males had a median income of $30,620 versus $28,248 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,361. About 19.9% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.8% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Tri County Region[edit]

The Tri County region consists of Charleston, Berkeley, and Dorchester counties. As of 2012, it was estimated that the area had a total population of about 697,439 people. Charleston is the largest city in the Tri County area and ranks as the second largest city in the state. North Charleston is the second largest city in the Tri County area and ranks as the third largest city in the state.

Government[edit]

The city is run by an elected Mayor-council government system, with the mayor acting as the chief administrator and the executive officer of the municipality. The mayor also presides over city council meetings and has a vote, the same as other council members. City government moved into a new, more centrally located city hall in 2009, centralizing offices that had been in numerous locations across the city.

Mayor[edit]

  • Current mayor
    • R. Keith Summey
  • Previous mayors
    • John E. Bourne Jr.
    • Robert Kinard
    • Kenneth McClure (Interim Mayor)

Council members[edit]

  • District 1 – Ed Astle
  • District 2 – Rhonda Jerome
  • District 3 – Bobby Jameson
  • District 4 – Ron Brinson
  • District 5 – Todd Olds
  • District 6 – Dorothy Williams
  • District 7 – Sam Hart
  • District 8 – Robert King
  • District 9 – Dwight Stigler
  • District 10 – Michael Brown

Emergency services[edit]

Police department[edit]

The North Charleston Police Department was formed in 1973 with 21 officers and five support personnel. Today, the department employs over 300 sworn officers and 100 civilian employees.

Fire department[edit]

The first fire department founded in the area to become North Charleston was the St. Phillip's and St. Michael's Fire Department in 1935. They had one station and one engine. The North Charleston Fire Department was formed in 1937 with only one station and one engine. In 1959, the departments merged to become the North Charleston Consolidated Fire Department. NCFD became a paid service in 1962, at which time all the volunteers were released; they then formed the organization today known as the Charleston County Volunteer Rescue Squad.

The two departments were again merged in 1996 to become the North Charleston Fire Department. There were 10 fire stations, 10 engines, 3 ladder trucks and 2 squads at that time. In the past 13 years, the department has grown to include new technology and new training. They have thermal imagers in each station, a confined-space rescue team, a hazardous materials team, a marine firefighting team, and each firefighter in the department is trained to a minimum of IFSAC Firefighter One.

EMS[edit]

The Emergency Medical Services for North Charleston are provided by Charleston County Emergency Medical Services and Dorchester County Emergency Medical Services. The city is served by both Charleston and Dorchester counties EMS and 911 services since the city is part of both counties.

Crime[edit]

The following table shows North Charleston’s crime rate for CY2011 in six crimes that Morgan Quitno uses for their calculation for "America's most dangerous cities" ranking, in comparison to the national average. The statistics provided are for a crime rate based on the number of crimes committed per 100,000 people.[21]

Crime North Charleston (2011) National Average
Murder 5.1 5
Rape 35.5 35
Robbery 186.6 184
Assault 435.1 429
Burglary 1013.1 999
Theft 4149.8 4092
Auto thefts 494.9 488
Arson 19.3 19

Since 1999, the overall crime rate of North Charleston has begun to decline. The total violent crime index rate for North Charleston for 1999 was 1043.5 crimes committed per 100,000 people, with the United States average at 729.6 per 100,000. North Charleston had a total violent crime index rate of 612.4 per 100,000 for the year of 2012, versus a national average of 429.4 per 100,000.[21]

According to the Congressional Quarterly Press 2012 City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America, North Charleston ranked as the 126th most dangerous American city larger than 75,000 inhabitants.[22][23] However, the entire Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area had a lower overall crime rate ranking at #35.[24]

The 2010 Congressional Quarterly Press list of America's 400 most dangerous cities placed North Charleston at No. 63, a significant drop from the previous year. The homicide rate alone decreased by 61%, and the lower crime rate removed North Charleston from the company of such cities as Detroit and St. Louis, placing it more in line with average, medium-sized Southern cities like Columbia and Chattanooga. City officials attributed the drop to the hard work of the North Charleston Police Department and the cooperation of city residents.[25]

Infrastructure and economy[edit]

  • Boeing – Located adjacent to the Charleston International Airport, Boeing has set up an East Coast facility in The City of North Charleston for manufacturing fuselage components, assembling, and flight testing Boeing 787 aircraft, ready for delivery to airlines.[14]
  • Computer Sciences Corporation – Branch offices – IT/business services company.
  • Cummins Turbo Technologies – Corporate center and manufacturing plant (truck engine parts). Located on Palmetto Commerce Parkway.[26]
  • Daimler Vans Manufacturing LLC – Plant for manufacturing Daimler Vans, employing 200 people. Located on Palmetto Commerce Parkway.[27]
  • Hess Gasoline Distribution Center – port facilities for tanker ships, serving the entire Tri-County Metro area Hess gas stations. Located off Virginia Avenue.
  • InterContinental Hotels Group – Call center of parent company for Holiday Inn hotels, employing more than 400 people. Located on Ashley Phosphate Road.[28]
  • iQor – Call center providing outsourced customer service, retention, and revenue recovery services to large and mid-sized companies. Employs 360 workers. Located on Dorchester Road.[29]
  • Kapstone Paper and Packaging – Kraft paper mills employing 1,100 workers. Located on the Cooper River.[30]
  • Robert Bosch Corporation – Manufacturer of automotive drive train components, to include gasoline and diesel fuel injectors and electronic stability control systems. Located on Dorchester Road. (note: Robert Bosch is not in corporate city limits of, but is surrounded by North Charleston)[31]
  • Verizon Wireless – Call center of parent company for Verizon, employing 700 workers. Located on Mall Drive.[29]
  • Venture Aerobearings – Plant manufactures bearings for jet engines. Located on Palmetto Commerce Parkway.[32]

US Postal Service ZIP codes[edit]

North Charleston is served by these ZIP codes:[33]

  • 29404
  • 29405
  • 29406 – This ZIP code is incorrectly listed by U.S.P.S. as serving the city of Charleston. It only serves the city of North Charleston.[34]
  • 29418
  • 29419
  • 29420
  • 29456
  • 29485

Transportation[edit]

Airlines[edit]

Charleston International Airport and the Charleston Air Force Base, both located within the City of North Charleston, provide commercial and military air service for the region. The airport currently serves more than 2.9 million passengers annually. Commercial airlines include American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue Airways, Southwest Airlines, United Express, and US Airways.

Motor freight[edit]

North Charleston is home to many motor carriers, with routes throughout the US.

Port Facilities[edit]

The South Carolina State Ports Authority has four intermodal facilities, one of which is located in North Charleston. A new intermodal facility is being built on the former Charleston Naval Base. Each facility handles container, bulk, and break bulk cargo. With more than 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) of warehouse and storage space, the port terminals can accommodate more than 17 vessels at a time. Veterans Terminal is designed mainly for bulk/break bulk cargo.

Today the Port of Charleston boasts the deepest water in the southeast region and regularly handles ships too big to transit through the Panama Canal. A next-generation harbor deepening project is currently underway to take the Port of Charleston's shipping channel to at least 50 feet at mean low tide.

Terminals[edit]

  • North Charleston Terminal
  • Veterans Terminal
  • Naval Base Terminal - 280 acre facility opening in 2018, to be used for container cargo. Facility will increase port capacity by 50%.

Shipyard[edit]

With the closure of the Naval Base and Shipyard in 1996, Detyens, Inc. signed a long term lease. With three dry docks, one floating dock, and six piers, Detyens Shipyard, Inc. is the largest commercial facility on the East Coast. Projects include military, commercial, and cruise ships.

Railroads[edit]

Amtrak, Norfolk Southern, the CSX System and the South Carolina Railroad Commission provide passenger and freight rail service in North Charleston.

Intermodal Transportation Center[edit]

The North Charleston Intermodal Transportation Center will consolidate a new train station, long haul and CARTA (local bus service) at one location.

Bus transportation[edit]

North Charleston is served by a bus system, operated by the Charleston Area Regional Transportation Authority (CARTA). The majority of the city is served by regional fixed route buses which are also equipped with bike racks as part of the system's Rack & Ride program.

Rural parts of North Charleston and the Tri-County metropolitan area are served by a different bus system, operated by Berkeley-Charleston-Dorchester Rural Transportation Management Association (BCD-RTMA).

Hospitals[edit]

Trident Regional Medical Center, main building, 2010

The Trident Regional Medical Center is the major hospital located in North Charleston. There are several other hospitals located throughout the area serving city residents, including the Medical University of South Carolina, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Bon Secours-St Francis Xavier Hospital and Roper Hospital, located in Charleston. The East Cooper Regional Medical Center, located in Mount Pleasant, is another local hospital serving North Charleston residents.

Culture[edit]

Orphanage[edit]

In 1937 the Jenkins Orphanage (now Jenkins Institute For Children) left the city of Charleston and moved to 3923 Azalea Drive in what is now the city of North Charleston. The institute is renowned for its contributions to the welfare of its charges and the Jenkins Orphanage Band.

Fiction[edit]

  • John Rutledge Smith's series The Streams of Space, (Book 1) - Amazon Kindle - is set partly in North Charleston.

Museums, historical sites, and other attractions[edit]

  • The H.L. Hunley Museum is located at the old Naval Base in North Charleston. The Civil War-era submarine, recovered from the ocean floor August 8, 2000, is undergoing restoration and examination. There are scores of artifacts that have been recovered from the submarine on display. The Hunley bears the distinction of being the first successful combat submarine in the world.
  • The Greater Charleston Naval Memorial is located at Riverfront Park on the old Navy Yard. It features sculptures of the different types of ships built and serviced at the Charleston Naval Shipyard, and also features full-size replicas of the Lone Sailor and Homecoming sculptures.
  • The North Charleston and American LaFrance Fire Museum and Educational Center is located between Tanger Outlet Mall and the North Charleston Coliseum. The museum is filled with one-of-a-kind and antique vehicles and fire equipment (some from as early as the mid 18th century) and utilizes multiple interactive displays.
  • Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum located in nearby Mount Pleasant. The Museum includes the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown (CV10), destroyer USS Laffey (DD724), submarine USS Clagmore (SS343), Cold War Submarine Memorial, Vietnam Support Base and Experience Exhibit, and Medal of Honor Museum.

Film[edit]

The Park Circle Film Society[35] is a nonprofit art house theater that holds over 70 screenings of independent and documentary films each year. It holds the annual Lowcountry Indie Shorts Festival, South Carolina's festival dedicated to short film.

Charleston Area Convention Center[edit]

From its establishment in August 1999, the Convention Center has attracted millions of guests and visitors to North Charleston and contributed significantly to the local and regional economy. The complex includes exhibition halls, ballrooms and meeting rooms.[36]

Coliseum and Performing Arts Center[edit]

The Performing Arts Center, the North Charleston Coliseum, and the Charleston Area Convention Center are owned by the city of North Charleston and managed by SMG. Together with the co-located Embassy Suites hotel, they help create an entertainment and cultural complex that serves the city of North Charleston and the entire region.

Sports[edit]

The South Carolina Stingrays are the first professional ice hockey team established in South Carolina. They have been a member franchise of the ECHL since their inception in 1993 and have been affiliated with the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League since 2012, following the end of an eight-year affiliation with the Washington Capitals. The Stingrays play their home games at the North Charleston Coliseum.

Nearby cities and towns[edit]

Other unincorporated areas[edit]

Parks[edit]

County parks[edit]

The Charleston County Park and Recreation Commission (CCPRC) operates numerous facilities within Charleston County.

Beach parks:

Fishing piers:

  • Folly Beach Fishing Pier, Folly Beach
  • Mt. Pleasant Pier, Mt. Pleasant

Marinas and boat landings:

  • Cooper River Marina
  • Multiple county-wide boat landings

Day parks:

Water parks:

  • Splash Island at Palmetto Islands County Park
  • Splash Zone at James Island County Park
  • Whirlin' Waters at Wannamaker County Park

Off-leash dog parks are offered at James Island, Palmetto Islands, and Wannamaker County Parks.

Schools, colleges, and universities[edit]

Outer wall and name plate for Charleston Southern University, 2010

North Charleston is served by the Charleston County School District and Dorchester School District II.

North Charleston is home to Charleston Southern University and Trident Technical College, Main Campus. In North Charleston, near the airport, the Lowcountry Graduate Center offers satellite campus access to some of South Carolinas' most prestigious universities. Clemson, University of South Carolina, Medical University of South Carolina, The Citadel and the College of Charleston all working together to provide lowcountry residents with access to graduate degree programs together in one convenient location. Webster University maintains two locations, one at the Charleston AFB and another just off of Leeds Avenue.

Armed Forces[edit]

Portions of the Charleston, South Carolina metropolitan area (Charleston, North Charleston, Goose Creek, and Hanahan) are home to all branches of the United States Military. During the Cold War, the Naval Base (1902-1996) became the third largest U.S. homeport serving over 80 ships and submarines. In addition, the Naval Shipyard repaired frigates, destroyers, cruisers and submarines. Also, the Shipyard was responsible for refueling nuclear subs.

During this period, the Weapons Station was the Atlantic Fleet's load out base for all nuclear ballistic missile submarines. Two SSBN "Boomer" squadrons were home ported at the Weapons Station, while one SSN attack squadron was home ported at the Naval Base. At the 1996 closure of the Station's Polaris Missile Facility (POMFLANT), over 2,500 nuclear warheads were stored and maintained, guarded by a U.S. Marine Corps Security Force Company.

In 2010, the Air Force Base and Naval Weapons Station merged to form Joint Base Charleston. Today, Joint Base Charleston, encompassing over 20,500 acres and supporting 53 Military Commands and Federal Agencies, provides service to over 79,000 Airmen, Sailors, Soldiers, Marines, Coast Guardsmen, DOD civilians, dependents, and retirees.

The unique makeup of Joint Base Charleston, supporting all branches of the Military, provides unmatched assets for the security of this Country.

Navy[edit]

  • Charleston Naval Weapons Station, Joint Base Charleston (>17,000 acres, 27 square miles), Goose Creek and Hanahan
  • Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Atlantic (SPAWAR)
  • Nuclear Power Training Command
  • Nuclear Power Training Unit
  • Moored Training Nuclear Submarine, SSBN626 Daniel Webster
  • Moored Training Nuclear Submarine, SSBN635 Sam Rayburn
  • Moored Training Nuclear Submarine, SSN701 La Jolla, December 2014 delivery
  • Moored Training Nuclear Submarine, SSN711 San Francisco, After 2014 delivery
  • Naval Consolidated Brig, East Coast
  • Navy Munitions Command CONUS, Detachment Charleston
  • Explosive Ordinance Detachment
  • Navy Medical Super Clinic
  • Mobile Mine Assembly Unit Eleven (MOMAU-11)
  • Naval Operations Support Center Charleston
  • Navy Reserve Center
  • Lay berth for Roll-On Roll-Off Naval Ships, Military Sealift Command, Federal Complex
  • MV Cape Ducato (TAKR 5051), Military Sealift Command Ship, Ready Reserve Force, Federal Complex
  • MV Cape Douglas (TAKR 5052), Military Sealift Command Ship, Ready Reserve Force, Federal Complex
  • MV Cape Domingo (TAKR 5053), Military Sealift Command Ship, Ready Reserve Force, Federal Complex
  • MV Cape Decision (TAKR 5054), Military Sealift Command Ship, Ready Reserve Force, Federal Complex
  • MV Cape Diamond (TAKR 5055), Military Sealift Command Ship, Ready Reserve Force, Federal Complex
  • MV Cape Edmont (TAKR 5069), Military Sealift Command Ship, Ready Reserve Force, Federal Complex

Air Force[edit]

  • Charleston Air Force Base, Joint Base Charleston (3,500 acres, 5.5 square miles), North Charleston
  • North Air Force Auxiliary Base, North, SC (2,400 acres, 3.75 square miles)
  • 628th Air Base Wing
  • 628th Mission Support Group
  • 628th Medical Group
  • 315th Airlift Wing
  • 437th Airlift Wing
  • 373rd Training Squadron, Detachment 5
  • 1st Combat Camera Squadron
  • 412th Logistics Support Squadron OL-AC
  • Air Force ROTC Det 772
  • Civil Air Patrol – Charleston Composite Squadron

Marines[edit]

  • Marine Corps Reserve Center, Naval Weapons Station

Coast Guard[edit]

  • Coast Guard Sector Charleston (District 7)
  • Coast Guard Station Charleston
  • Coast Guard Helicopter Air Facility, Johns Island
  • Coast Guard Reserves, Charleston
  • Coast Guard Maritime Law Enforcement Academy, Federal Complex
  • USCGC Hamilton (WMSL-753) National Security Cutter, Federal Complex
  • USCGC James (WMSL-754) National Security Cutter, Federal Complex, 2015 delivery
  • USCGC Tarpon, Tybee Island
  • USCGC Yellowfin, Charleston
  • USCGC Anvil, Charleston

Army[edit]

  • South Carolina Army National Guard
  • Army Reserve Training Center, Naval Weapons Station
  • 841st Army Transportation Battalion, Naval Weapons Station
  • Army Strategic Logistics Activity, Naval Weapons Station
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, South Atlantic Division, Charleston District

Federal Complex (former Naval Base), North Charleston[edit]

  • Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC)
  • Moored FLETC Training Ship, SS Cape Chalmers (AK5036)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • NOAA Ship Nancy Foster (R352)
  • NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown (R104)
  • U.S. State Department
  • U.S. Maritime Administration

Media[edit]

Broadcast television[edit]

These TV stations have studios in and broadcast from North Charleston:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b City Planning Department (2008-07). City of North Charleston boundary map. City of North Charleston. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): North Charleston city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  3. ^ Quickfacts: North Charleston, South Carolina
  4. ^ Behre, Robert; David Slade (March 24, 2011). "2010 Census:Who we are". Post and Courier. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses (OMB Bulletin 08 - 01)" (CSV). Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President. November 20, 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  6. ^ a b Wise, Warren (March 22, 2008). N. Charleston assessed by its founding mayor. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  7. ^ "South Carolina Department of Revenue 2011 - 2012 Annual Report" (PDF). South Carolina Department of Revenue. 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2013. 
  8. ^ Trinkley, Michael and Debi Hacker (February 2008). Tranquil Hill Plantation: the most charming inland place. Chicora Foundation, Inc. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  9. ^ South Carolina Historical Society (1918). Mabel Louise Webber, ed. The South Carolina historical and genealogical magazine 19. South Carolina Historical Society. pp. 29–31. Retrieved October 13, 2011. 
  10. ^ Marshall, Edward (October 1, 1984). "Hibben House figured in events of Revolutionary War". The News and Courier. pp. 2–B. Retrieved October 13, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b Smith, Glenn (June 19, 2010). Ex-N. Charleston mayor dead. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  12. ^ Joyce, Terry (March 16, 1996). Charleston, Navy part company. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  13. ^ a b Bartelme, Tony and Doug Perdue (November 22, 2009). Noisette: The future of the old Charleston Navy Base and a look at the deal that never happened. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  14. ^ a b McDermott, John P. and Yvonne Wenger (October 29, 2009). Boeing Lands Here. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  15. ^ Stech, Katy (December 8, 2010). Noisette parcel gets new owner. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  16. ^ Bird, Allyson and Schuyler Kropf (December 23, 2010). Summey promises fight over rail plan. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  17. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20 (1971–2000)" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2004. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Climatological Normals of Charleston, South Carolina". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b North Charleston, South Carolina (SC) Detailed Profile — relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news, sex offenders. City-data.com. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  22. ^ 2012 City Crime Rate Rankings. CQ Press. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  23. ^ CQ Press: City Crime Rankings 2009. CQ Press. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
  24. ^ 2012 Metropolitan Crime Rate Rankings. CQ Press. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  25. ^ Hicks, Brian (November 26, 2010). City finally off crime naughty list. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  26. ^ Stech, Katy (March 31, 2009). Cummins to combine operations. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  27. ^ Maze, Jonathan (December 6, 2002). Daimler subsidiary to bring area 200 jobs. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  28. ^ Stock, Kyle (June 11, 2005). Expanding call center brings jobs. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  29. ^ a b Stock, Kyle (July 18, 2007). Call center comes calling. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  30. ^ Smith, Bruce (April 7, 2008). KapStone Paper buying 6 MeadWestvaco mills for ,85 million. Times and Democrat. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  31. ^ Williams, Charles (February 28, 2000). Bosch plant a leader in Lowcountry. Post and Courier. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  32. ^ Press release (July 11, 2008). Jet engine supplier opens in North Charleston. SCBIZ Daily. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  33. ^ Zip Code boundaries provided to this site by United States Postal Service.
  34. ^ Map showing boundaries of City of Charleston
  35. ^ http://parkcirclefilms.org
  36. ^ Charleston Area Convention Center facility information. SMG. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  37. ^ North Charleston Coliseum facility information. SMG. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  38. ^ North Charleston Performing Arts Center facility information. SMG. Retrieved January 15, 2011.

References[edit]

External links[edit]