Northern Rivers

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Northern Rivers
ByronBay Bay.jpg
View south from Byron Bay, the most easterly point on mainland Australia.
Population 277,284 (2011)
 • Density 13.37430/km2 (34.63928/sq mi)
Area 20,732.6 km2 (8,004.9 sq mi)
State electorate(s) Tweed, Ballina, Lismore, Clarence
Federal Division(s) Richmond, Page, Cowper
Localities around Northern Rivers:
Darling Downs South East Queensland Tasman Sea
New England Northern Rivers Tasman Sea
New England Mid North Coast Tasman Sea

Northern Rivers is a region of the Australian state of New South Wales, located between 590 kilometres (370 mi) and 820 kilometres (510 mi) north of the state capital, Sydney. At its most northern point, the region is 102 kilometres (63 mi) south south–east of the Queensland capital, Brisbane.

As with all regions of New South Wales, it has no official status, although state government department offices and local governments in the area work together for purposes such as tourism, education, water catchment management and waste management.[1][2] This area has a mild, sub-tropical climate.

Geography[edit]

The Northern Rivers region is bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the New England region to the west where the Great Dividing Range forms a mountainous boundary. To the north is the border between New South Wales and Queensland, where the Darling Downs are located to the north–west and South East Queensland directly to the north.

The defining characteristic of the region are the fertile valleys of the Clarence, Richmond and Tweed rivers and their sources, hence the region's name; and the region's white sandy beaches.

Demography and area[edit]

The following local government areas are contained within the region:

LGA Population
(2011 Census)
Area
Ballina 39,274[3] 485.4 km2 (187.4 sq mi)
Byron 29,209[4] 566.6 km2 (218.8 sq mi)
Clarence Valley 49,665[5] 10,441.2 km2 (4,031.4 sq mi)
Kyogle 9,228[6] 3,589.1 km2 (1,385.8 sq mi)
Lismore 42,766[7] 1,289.6 km2 (497.9 sq mi)
Richmond Valley 22,037[8] 3,051.4 km2 (1,178.2 sq mi)
Tweed 85,105[9] 1,309.3 km2 (505.5 sq mi)
Total 277,284 20,732.6 km2 (8,004.9 sq mi)

The region is traversed by the Pacific Highway, Bruxner Highway, Clarence Way, Summerland Way and the North Coast Line which links Sydney to Brisbane, Queensland.

Major towns[edit]

Boats on the Richmond River at Ballina

Education[edit]

The region contains the Southern Cross University, which is headquartered at Lismore and has campuses in Tweed Heads and Coffs Harbour.[10] The North Coast Institute of TAFE has campuses at Lismore, Ballina, Casino, Grafton, Kingscliff, Maclean, Trenayr and Wollongbar.[11]

Culture[edit]

The Northern Rivers has its own orchestra based in Murwillumbah the Northern Rivers Symphony Orchestra as well as the Lismore Symphony Orchestra.

The region has a history of Italian settlement.[citation needed] The locality of New Italy was settled in 1882 by Italian pioneers who attempted to cultivate the area's difficult interior.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northern Rivers Tourism. "Who we are". Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Northern Rivers ACE Colleges". Retrieved 11 July 201. 
  3. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Ballina (Statistical Local Areas)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Byron (Statistical Local Areas)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Clarence Valley (Local Government Areas)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Kyogle (Local Government Areas)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lismore (Local Government Areas)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Richmond Valley (Local Government Areas)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tweed (Local Government Areas)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Southern Cross University (3 May 2011). "About SCU - Lismore". Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  11. ^ North Coast Institute of TAFE. "Campuses". Retrieved 11 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°09′S 153°07′E / 29.150°S 153.117°E / -29.150; 153.117