North Dakota's at-large congressional district

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North Dakota's At-large congressional district
NDAtlarge.gif
Current Representative Kevin Cramer (RBismarck)
Area 68,976 mi²
Distribution 55.8% urban, 44.2% rural
Population (2010) 672,591
Median income $56,361
Ethnicity 88.9% White, 1.1% Black, 1.1% Asian, 2.0% Hispanic, 5.3% Native American, 1.6% other
Cook PVI R+10

North Dakota's At-Large Congressional District is the sole congressional district for the state of North Dakota. Based on size, it is the eighth largest congressional district in the nation.

The district is currently represented by Republican Kevin Cramer.

History[edit]

The district was first created when North Dakota achieved statehood on November 2, 1889, electing a single member. Following the 1900 Census the state was allocated two seats, both of whom were elected from an at large district. Following the 1910 Census a third seat was gained, with the legislature drawing three separate districts. The third district was eliminated after the 1930 Census. After the third seat was loss, North Dakota returned to electing two members At-Large (statewide).

Following the 1960 Census two separate districts were created. In 1970, the second district was eliminated following the 1970 Census and a single At-Large district was created. Since 1972, North Dakota has retained a single congressional district.

Presidential elections[edit]

Average - Democratic (37.97%), Republican (58.77%), Third Party (3.26%)

Recent Elections[edit]

2006 Election[edit]

North Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Earl Pomeroy (inc.) 142,934 65.68 +6.11
Republican Matt Mechtel 74,687 34.32 -6.11
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 217,621

2008 Election[edit]

North Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Earl Pomeroy (inc.) 194,577 61.97 -3.71
Republican Duane Sand 119,388 38.03 +3.71
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 313,965

2010 Election[edit]

North Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Earl Pomeroy (inc.) 106,542 44.93 -17.04
Republican Rick Berg 129,802 54.74 +16.71
Independent Write-In Votes 793 0.33
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
Turnout 237,137

2012 Election[edit]

North Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Cramer 173,585 54.89 +0.15
Democratic Pam Gulleson 131,870 41.70 -3.23
Libertarian Eric Olson 10,261 3.24 +3.24
Independent Write-In Votes 508 0.16 +2.39
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 316,224

List of representatives[edit]

Dates Cong Member at-large Member at-large
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
From 1889 to 1903, there was one seat, elected at-large state-wide. In 1903 a second at-large seat was added.
March 4, 1889 –
November 1, 1889
51 First representative seated on November 2, 1889 Second seat added in 1903
November 2, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
Henry C. Hansbrough Republican Lost renomination
March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1899
52 Martin N. Johnson Republican First elected in 1890
53 Re-elected in 1892
54 Re-elected in 1894
55 Re-elected in 1896
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
56 Burleigh F. Spalding Republican First elected in 1898
Retired
March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57 Thomas Frank Marshall Republican First elected in 1900
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58 Re-elected in 1902 Burleigh F. Spalding Republican Elected in 1902
Lost renomination
March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1909
59 Re-elected in 1904 Asle Gronna Republican First elected in 1904
60 Re-elected in 1906
Lost renomination
Re-elected in 1906
Lost renomination
March 4, 1909 –
February 11, 1911
61 Louis B. Hanna Republican First elected in 1908 Re-elected in 1908
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator
February 11, 1911 –
March 3, 1911
Vacant
March 4, 1911 –
January 7, 1913
62 Re-elected in 1910
Resigned when elected Governor of North Dakota
Henry T. Helgesen Republican First elected in 1910
Redistricted to the 1st district
January 7, 1913 –
March 3, 1913
Vacant
After the 1910 census, three seats were apportioned among districts.
See North Dakota's 1st congressional district, North Dakota's 2nd congressional district, and North Dakota's 3rd congressional district.
Following the 1930 census, the delegation was reduced to two seats, elected at-large statewide.
March 3, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73 James H. Sinclair Republican Redistricted from the 3rd district
and re-elected in 1932
Lost renomination
William Lemke Republican First elected in 1932
January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1941
74 Usher L. Burdick Republican First elected in 1934 Re-elected in 1934
75 Re-elected in 1936 Re-elected in 1936
76 Re-elected in 1938 Re-elected in 1938
Retired to run for Senate
January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77 Re-elected in 1940 Charles R. Robertson Republican First elected in 1940
Lost renomination
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78 Re-elected in 1942
Retired to run for Senate
William Lemke Republican Elected in 1942
January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1949
79 Charles R. Robertson Republican Elected in 1944 Re-elected in 1944
80 Re-elected in 1946
Lost renomination
Re-elected in 1946
January 3, 1949 –
May 30, 1950
81 Usher L. Burdick Republican Elected in 1948 Re-elected in 1948
Died
May 31, 1950 –
January 3, 1951
Vacant
January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
82 Re-elected in 1950 Fred G. Aandahl Republican First elected in 1950
Retired to run for Senate
January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1959
83 Re-elected in 1952 Otto Krueger Republican First elected in 1952
84 Re-elected in 1954 Re-elected in 1954
85 Re-elected in 1956
Retired
Re-elected in 1956
Retired
January 3, 1959 –
August 8, 1960
86 Quentin N. Burdick Democratic First elected in 1958
Resigned when elected to the Senate
Don L. Short Republican First elected in 1958
August 9, 1960 –
January 3, 1961
Vacant
January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
87 Hjalmar Nygaard Republican First elected in 1960
Redistricted to the 1st district
Re-elected in 1960
Redistricted to the 2nd district
After the 1960 census, two seats were apportioned among districts.
See North Dakota's 1st congressional district and North Dakota's 2nd congressional district.
Following the 1970 census, the delegation was reduced to one at-large seat.
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
93
94
95
96
Mark Andrews Republican Redistricted from the 1st district
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
January 3, 1981 –
December 14, 1992
97
98
99
100
101
102
Byron Dorgan Democratic First elected in 1980
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator
December 15, 1992 –
January 3, 1993
102 Vacant
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Earl Pomeroy Democratic First elected in 1992
Lost re-election
January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112 Rick Berg Republican Elected in 2010
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
January 3, 2013 –
present
113 Kevin Cramer Republican First elected in 2012
Dates Cong Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
Member at-large Member at-large

Older election results[edit]

Year (& Congress) Candidate Party Votes  %
October 1, 1889
(51st Congress)
Henry C. Hansbrough Republican 26,077 68.4
D.W. Maratta Democratic 12,066 31.6
1890
(52nd Congress)
Martin N. Johnson Republican 21,365 59.0
John D. Benton Democratic 14,830 41.0
1892
(53rd Congress)
Martin N. Johnson Republican 17,695 48.9
James F. O'Brien Democratic 11,021 30.5
Hans A. Foss Independent 7,434 20.6
1894
(54th Congress)
Martin N. Johnson Republican 21,615 55.4
Walter Muir Populist 15,660 40.2
Budd Reeve Independent 1,283 3.3
L.S. Ellis Prohibition 439 1.1
1896
(55th Congress)
Martin N. Johnson Republican 25,233 54.0
John Burke Fusion 21,172 45.3
A.V. Garver Prohibition 349 0.7
1898
(56th Congress)
Burleigh F. Spalding Republican 27,766 60.9
H.M. Creel Fusion 17,844 39.1
1900
(57th Congress)
Thomas F. Marshall Republican 34,887 61.0
M.A. Hildreth Democratic & Independent 21,175 37.0
Charles H. Mott Prohibition 585 1.0
J.C. Charest Social Democratic 412 0.7
Martin S. Blair People's 122 0.2
1902
(58th Congress)
Thomas F. Marshall Republican 32,986 67.6
Burleigh F. Spalding Republican 32,854
Lars A. Ueland Democratic 14,765 29.9
Verner E. Lovell Democratic 14,392
Royal F. King Socialist 1,195 2.5
1904
(59th Congress)
Thomas F. Marshall Republican 49,111 72.7
Asle J. Gronna Republican 47,648
N. P. Rasmussen Democratic 15,622 23.3
A. G. Burr Democratic 15,398
L. F. Dow Socialist 1,734 2.6
E. D. Herring Socialist 1,697
B. H. Tibbets Prohibition 971 1.5
N. A. Colby Prohibition 967
1906
(60th Congress)
Thomas F. Marshall Republican 38,923 62.9
Asle J. Gronna Republican 36,772
A. G. Burr Democratic 21,350 35.2
John D. Benton Democratic 21,050
K. Halvorson Socialist 1,151 1.9
W. J. Bailey Socialist 1,129
1908
(61st Congress)
Asle J. Gronna Republican 57,357 65.7
Louis B. Hanna Republican 55,610
T. D. Casey Democratic 29,426 33.7
O. G. Major Democratic 28,448
Francis Cooper Independent 591 0.3
E. D. Herring Independent 533 0.3
1910
(62nd Congress)
Louis B. Hanna Republican 51,556 63.9
Henry T. Helgesen Republican 50,600
Tobias D. Casey Democratic 25,880 32.0
M. A. Hildreth Democratic 25,322
Arthur Hagendorf Socialist 3,225 4.0
N. H. Bjornstad Socialist 3,179
1912–1930 Districts used
1932
(73rd Congress)
James H. Sinclair Republican 144,339 65.7
William Lemke Republican 135,339
William D. Lynch Democratic 72,659 33.9
R. B. Murphy Democratic 71,695
Pat J. Barrett Independent 690 0.3
Ella Reeve Bloor Independent 678
1934
(74th Congress)
William Lemke Republican 144,605 49.9
Usher L. Burdick Republican 114,841
William D. Lynch Democratic 85,771 31.8
G. F. Lamb Democratic 79,338
James H. Sinclair PROG N-PART R 46,304 17.8
Jasper Haaland Communist-W-FG 1,299 0.5
Effie Kjorstad Communist-W-FG 1,090
1936
(75th Congress)
William Lemke Republican 131,117 54.1
Usher L. Burdick Republican 115,913
Henry Holt Democratic 100,609 41.7
J.J. Nygaard Democratic 89,722
I.J. Moe Independent 3,310 1.4
P.H. Miller Independent 3,273 1.4
E.A. Johannson Independent 2,697 1.2
Jasper Haaland Communist 540 0.2
W.D. Webster Communist 461
1938
(76th Congress)
William Lemke Republican 153,106 72.3
Usher L. Burdick Republican 149,047
Howard I. Henry Democratic 55,125 23.9
Alfred S. Dale Democratic 44,691
J.B. Field Independent 8,109 3.9
1940
(77th Congress)
Usher L. Burdick Republican 148,227 60.3
Charles R. Robertson Republican 111,125
R.J. Downey Democratic 63,662 29.4
Adolph Michelson Democratic 63,027
Thomas Hall Independent 23,399 10.3
John Omland Independent 20,845
1942
(78th Congress)
Usher L. Burdick Republican 85,936 46.3
William Lemke Republican 65,905
Charles R. Robertson Independent 48,472 29.5
Halvor L. Halvorson Democratic 47,972 24.2
E.A. Johansson Democratic 31,547
1944
(79th Congress)
William Lemke Republican 101,007 50.7
Charles R. Robertson Republican 91,425
Halvor L. Halvorson Democratic 56,699 26.9
J.R. Kennedy Democratic 45,308
Usher L. Burdick Independent R 39,888 21.0
George McClellan Independent R 3,135 1.4
A.C. Townley Independent R 2,307
1946
(80th Congress)
William Lemke Republican 103,205 74.3
Charles R. Robertson Republican 102,087
James M. Hanley Democratic 41,189 25.7
Edwin Cooper Democratic 29,865
1948
(81st Congress)
William Lemke Republican 132,343 69.0
Usher L. Burdick Republican 128,454
Alfred Dale Democratic 56,702 30.0
John M. Weiler Progressive 1,758 0.9
1950
(82nd Congress)
Fred G. Aandahl Republican 119,047 70.7
Usher L. Burdick Republican 110,534
Ervin Schumacher Democratic 62,322 29.3
E.A. Johansson Democratic 32,946
1952
(83rd Congress)
Usher L. Burdick Republican 181,218 77.2
Otto Krueger Republican 156,829
Edward Nesemeier Democratic 49,829 22.8
Scattered votes 49 0.0
1954
(84th Congress)
Usher L. Burdick Republican 124,845 67.1
Otto Krueger Republican 106,341
P.W. Lanier Democratic 64,089 32.9
Raymond G. Vendsel Democratic 49,183
1956
(85th Congress)
Usher L. Burdick Republican 143,514 62.3
Otto Krueger Republican 136,003
Agnes Geelan Democratic 85,743 37.7
S.B. Hocking Democratic 83,284
1958
(86th Congress)
Quentin Burdick Democratic 99,562 48.4
Don L. Short Republican 97,862 51.6
Orris G. Nordhougen Republican 92,124
S.B. Hocking Democratic 78,889
1960
(87th Congress)
Don L. Short Republican 135,579 53.3
Hjalmar C. Nygaard Republican 127,118
Raymond Vendsel Democratic 120,773 46.7
Anson J. Anderson Democratic 109,207
1962–1970 Districts used
1972
(93rd)
Mark Andrews Republican 195,360 72.7
Richard Ista Democratic 72,850 27.1
Kenneth C. Gardener Sr. Independent 511 0.2
1974
(94th)
Mark Andrews Republican 130,184 55.7
Byron Dorgan Democratic 103,504 44.3
1976
(95th)
Mark Andrews Republican 181,018 62.4
Lloyd B. Omdahl Democratic 104,263 36.0
Russell Kleppe American 4,600 1.6
1978
(96th)
Mark Andrews Republican 147,712 67.0
Bruce F. Hagen Democratic 68,016 30.9
Harley J. McLain Independent 3,197 1.5
Don J. Klingensmith Prohibition 1,389 0.6
1980
(97th)
Byron L. Dorgan Democratic 166,437 56.8
Jim Smykowski Republican 124,707 42.6
John Lengenfelder Independent[1] 1,004 0.3
Torfin A. Teigen Independent 928 0.3
1982
(98th)
Byron L. Dorgan Democratic 186,534 71.6
Kent Jones Republican 72,241 27.7
Don J. Klingensmith Prohibition 1,724 0.7
1984
(99th)
Byron L. Dorgan Democratic 242,968 78.7
Lois Ivers Altenburg Republican 65,761 21.3
1986
(100th)
Byron L. Dorgan Democratic 216,258 75.5
Syver Vinje Republican 66,989 23.4
Gerald W. Kopp Independent 3,114 1.1
1988
(101st)
Byron L. Dorgan Democratic 212,583 70.9
Steve Sydness Republican 84,475 28.2
Kris Brekke Libertarian 2,924 1.0
1990
(102nd)
Byron L. Dorgan Democratic 152,530 65.2
Ed Schafer Republican 81,443 34.8
Other 6 0.0
1992
(103rd)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 169,273 56.8
John T. Korsmo Republican 117,442 39.4
Other 11,183 3.8
1994
(104th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 123,134 52.3
Gary Porter Republican 105,988 45.0
James Germalic Independent 6,267 2.7
1996
(105th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 144,833 55.1
Kevin Cramer Republican 113,684 43.2
Kenneth R. Loughead Independent 4,493 1.7
1998
(106th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 119,668 56.2
Kevin Cramer Republican 87,511 41.1
Kenneth R. Loughead Independent 5,709 2.7
2000
(107th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 151,173 52.9
John Dorso Republican 127,251 44.5
Jan Shelver Independent 4,731 1.7
Kenneth R. Loughead Independent 2,481 0.9
Write-in 22 0.0
2002
(108th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 121,073 52.4
Rick Clayburgh Republican 109,957 47.6
2004
(109th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 185,130 59.6
Duane Sand Republican 125,684 40.4
2006
(110th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 142,934 65.7
Matt Mechtel Republican 74,687 34.3
2008
(111th)
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 194,175 62.1
Duane Sand Republican 118,519 37.9
2010
(112th)
Rick Berg Republican 129,802 54.7
Earl Pomeroy Democratic 106,542 44.9
Write-in 793 0.4
2012
(113th)
Kevin Cramer Republican 172,905 55.0
Pam Gulleson Democratic 131,396 41.8
Eric Olson Libertarian 10,125 3.2
Year (& Congress) Candidate Party Votes  %

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Lengenfelder described himself as "Academic Christian Freedom, Prolife-Family" when filing for election.
  • Election statistics compiled by the Clerk to the House of Representatives; Michael J. Dubin, "United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997" (McFarland, 1998).
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present