Fox Islands (Michigan)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2009)|
Fox Islands (Michigan)
|Area||6.65 sq mi (17.2 km2)|
|Highest elevation||577 ft (175.9 m)|
The Fox Islands consist of the North Fox and South Fox islands, in Lake Michigan. The uninhabited islands are approximately 17 miles (27 km) northwest of Cathead Point near the tip of the Leelanau Peninsula of Michigan and about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Beaver Island. The three islands form part of an archipelago. South Fox Island Light was built in 1867 and operated until 1959. Both islands are part of Leelanau County, Michigan, and are administered by Leelanau Township.
North Fox Island
North Fox () is the smaller of the two islands, 3.32 square kilometres (3,320,000 m2; 820 acres) in area, roughly 2 miles (3.2 km) wide by 1 mile (1.6 km) long. This island was purchased by real estate magnate David V. Johnson in 1994 for $1.3 million, and the entire island was sold back to the state of Michigan for $2.2 million at the end of the year 2000.
In the mid-1970s a child pornography ring was discovered operating on North Fox Island. The proprietor of the island used his position in a large social program, called the Brother Paul's Children's Mission, to fly boys in his private plane to his island retreat. The Ann Arbor News published a story in their weekend magazine on the proprietor's life, then published a second story when the crimes were uncovered.
South Fox Island
Two generations of the South Fox Island Light stand at the southern extremity of the island. The first, built in 1867, is a brick house with attached tower; the second, a skeletal tower, is the former Sapelo Island Light, which was moved to the site in 1934. The Fox Island Lighthouse Association (FILA), a non-profit organization, was formed in 2004 to aid in preservation of the light station structures.
Johnson built a paved runway and a residence on the southern island. Johnson's company Victor international Corporation maintains documentation of the island's development. He had originally proposed swapping North Fox Island with the state for the third of South Fox that he did not own, but he settled in 2003 for a consolidation deal which traded 218 acres (88 ha) of state owned land on the southern part of South Fox for 219 acres (89 ha) on the north and central parts of the same island. This deal was finalized in March 2003.
Mr. Johnson owns 2,204 acres (892 ha) on the isolated 3,400 acres (1,400 ha) Lake Michigan island 25 miles (40 km) west of the Leelanau County coast. South Fox Island boasts some of the most spectacular freshwater maritime scenery in the world, including towering dunes, virgin cedars, and untouched beaches.
The island includes a cemetery where members of the Grand Traverse Band of Native Americans are currently buried.
Deer were introduced onto the island in 1915. Hunting is permitted on state land by permit only.
- "Airport Information". Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- Fox Island Lighthouse Association (FILA).
- "A Tour of the Lights of the Straits." Michigan History 70 (Sep/Oct 1986), pp. 17–29.
- Beacons in the Night, Michigan Lighthouse Chronology, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University.
- Lighthouses in the Mackinac Straits.
- Interactive map of Lights in Northern Lake Michigan, mapped by Google.
- Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, South Fox Island Lighthouse.
- North Fox Island and South Fox Island: Blocks 2000 and 2001, Census Tract 9701, Leelanau County, Michigan United States Census Bureau