North Gauteng High Court
|North Gauteng High Court, Pretoria|
The Palace of Justice in Pretoria
|Country||Gauteng, South Africa|
|Composition method||Presidential appointment on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission|
|Authorized by||Chp. 8 of the Constitution; Supreme Court Act, 1959|
|Decisions are appealed to||Supreme Court of Appeal or Constitutional Court|
|Judge President (Gauteng)|
|Deputy Judge President (North Gauteng)|
|Currently||Willem van der Merwe|
The North Gauteng High Court, Pretoria (formerly the Transvaal Provincial Division and commonly known as the Pretoria High Court) is one of the High Courts of South Africa. Situated in Pretoria, it has jurisdiction over the whole of Gauteng province (although its jurisdiction over the southern districts is concurrent with that of the South Gauteng High Court), all of Mpumalanga province, most of Limpopo province (except for the former Venda) and the eastern part of North West province (the western part being under the jurisdiction of the North West High Court).
The Superior Courts Bill, currently before Parliament, will create High Court divisions for Limpopo and Mpumalanga sitting at Polokwane and Nelspruit respectively. Until these courts are established the Gauteng Division (as it will then be known) will also serve as the Limpopo and Mpumalanga Divisions.
A High Court was established for the South African Republic (the Transvaal Republic) in 1877. It ceased to exist as a result of the British victory in the Second Anglo-Boer War, and was replaced by the Supreme Court of the Transvaal Colony. When the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910, this court became the Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court of South Africa with jurisdiction over the whole of the Transvaal Province.
The Transvaal Provincial Division's area of jurisdiction was reduced in 1977 and 1979 when Bophuthatswana and Venda became nominally independent and established their own supreme courts. When the current Constitution of South Africa came into force in 1997 the Transvaal Provincial Division became one of the High Courts, and in 2001 some districts in North West were removed from its jurisdiction and placed under the North West High Court in Mafikeng. In 2009 it was renamed to its present name.
- Ellis, Pat (April 2010). "A short history of the North and South Gauteng High Courts". Advocate (General Council of the Bar of South Africa) 23 (1): 48–49. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- Decisions of the Transvaal Provincial Division and Witwatersrand Local Division up to 1 March 2009
- Decisions of the North Gauteng High Court from 1 March 2009