North Georgia is the hilly to mountainous northern region of the U.S. state of Georgia. At the time of the arrival of settlers from Europe, it was inhabited largely by the Cherokee. The counties of North Georgia were often scenes of important events in the history of Georgia. It was the site of many American Civil War battles, including the Battle of Lookout Mountain and the Battle of Chickamauga, leading up to the Atlanta Campaign. Today, particularly in the northeast portion of the region, tourism feeds the local economy.
North Georgia encompasses the North Georgia mountains (far northeast and northwest) region of the state, and the Atlanta metropolitan area, although often it is used to describe only the region north of the metro area, especially in newscasts from the Atlanta media market (which reach nearly all of the northern third of the state). To the south lies central Georgia, with upstate South Carolina to the east, western North Carolina to the northeast, East Tennessee to the north, and northeast Alabama to the west. Part of metro Chattanooga extends into the far northwest from Tennessee, while most of the rest of the region is associated more with Atlanta-area mass media.
The highest of Georgia's part of the Appalachian Mountains are near the North Carolina border, including Brasstown Bald, the highest point in the state. The northwest contains part of the Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone, and small earthquakes felt as far away as Atlanta have occurred. The foothills gradually flatten out toward the south, and much of metro Atlanta is hilly as well, especially to the north and west of the city.
Major rivers include the upper Chattahoochee River, upper Savannah River, Etowah River, far upper Flint River, upper Coosa River, and upper Oconee River. Smaller tributary rivers are the Little River, Chestatee River, Chattooga River, Tallulah River, Tugalo River, Oostanaula River, Coosawattee River, Cartecay River, Ellijay River, Conasauga River, Toccoa River, Sweetwater Creek, upper Tallapoosa River, upper Yellow River, Nottely River, and small headwaters of the far upper Hiawassee River and Little Tennessee River. Were it not for a 19th-century surveying error that failed to place the state's northern border at exactly 35°N, it would also touch the Tennessee River.
Notable North Georgia locations
- Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest
- Waterfalls of North Georgia
- Tallulah Gorge
- Clayton, Georgia
- Rabun Bald
- Chatooga River
- Helen, Georgia - an old time tourist attraction town modeled on a small hamlet in Bavaria, Germany
- Unicoi State Park
- New Echota - former capital of the Cherokee Nation
- Dahlonega, Georgia - site of the University of North Georgia and the first American gold rush in the late 1820s
- Ringgold, Georgia
- Rome, Georgia
- Jasper, Georgia - home of the Marble Festival
- Ellijay, Georgia
- Blue Ridge, Georgia
- Blairsville, Georgia - home of the Sorghum Festival
- Gainesville, Georgia
- Dalton, Georgia - an important carpet-producing city
- Athens, Georgia - home of The University of Georgia, the oldest state-chartered university in the United States
- Chickamauga, Georgia
- LaFayette, Georgia
Famous North Georgians
- Joseph E. Brown (born in South Carolina, raised in Union County).
- Zell Miller (born in Young Harris in Towns County)
- Ty Cobb (born in Banks County, raised in Royston).
- Ernest Vandiver (raised in Lavonia).
- Georgia (U.S. state)
- Upland South
- List of Appalachian Regional Commission counties#Georgia
- Shallowford Bridge