North Goa

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North Goa and its talukas shown in shades of purple

North Goa is one of the two districts that make up the state of Goa, India. The district has an area of 1736 km², and is bounded by Sindhudurg and Kolhapur districts of Maharashtra state to the north and east respectively, by South Goa District to the south, and by the Arabian Sea to the west.

Historical background[edit]

Much of the today's North Goa territories (Pernem, Bicholim, and Sattari) were under the Kingdom of Sawantwadi. While Ponda was sometimes with Sunda Kingdom or Marathas or Kingdom of Sawantwadi. Hence these territories were seen as safe haven for the Hindus who were living under continuous fear of the Portuguese Inquisition. These territories were conquered by Portuguese as part of New Conquest in late 18th centuries. These territories then remain with the Portuguese till 1961 when it was annexed by India.

Goa and two other former Portuguese enclaves became the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu, and Goa was organised into a single district in 1965. On 30 May 1987, Goa attained statehood (while Daman and Diu remained a union territory), and Goa was reorganised into two districts, North Goa and South Goa.

Geography[edit]

Its geographical position is marked by 15o 48’ 00” N to 14o 53’ 54” N latitudes and 73o E to 75o E longitudes

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Panaji
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
33.0
(91.4)
33.0
(91.4)
30.3
(86.5)
28.9
(84)
28.8
(83.8)
29.5
(85.1)
31.6
(88.9)
32.8
(91)
32.4
(90.3)
31.28
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.5
(68.9)
23.2
(73.8)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
22.3
(72.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.21
(73.78)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0.2
(0.008)
0.1
(0.004)
1.2
(0.047)
11.8
(0.465)
112.7
(4.437)
868.2
(34.181)
994.8
(39.165)
518.7
(20.421)
251.9
(9.917)
124.8
(4.913)
30.9
(1.217)
16.7
(0.657)
2,932
(115.432)
Source: wunderground.com[1]

Administration[edit]

The administrative headquarters of the district is Panaji, which is also the capital of the state of Goa. The district forms part of a greater region called the Konkan.

The district is divided into four subdivisions - Panaji, Mapusa, Bicholim, and Ponda; and six taluks - Tiswadi (Panaji), Bardez (Mapusa), Pernem, Bicholim, Sattari (Valpoi) and Ponda.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census North Goa has a population of 817,761[2] which is roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[3] or the US state of South Dakota.[4] This gives it a ranking of 480th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 471 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,220 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 7.8%. North Goa has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 88.85%.[2]

Konkani is the mother tongue of a majority of the people living in North Goa district. Marathi is spoken by a substantial number of people. English and Hindi are understood by a majority of the population. Portuguese is also spoken and understood by a small number of people.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical Weather for Panaji, India". Weather Underground. Retrieved November 27, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est." 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "South Dakota 814,180" 

External links[edit]