North Gyeongsang Province
|North Gyeongsang Province
|• Revised Romanization||Gyeongsangbuk-do|
|Subdivisions||10 cities; 13 counties|
|• Governor||Kim Kwan-yong|
|• Total||19,030 km2 (7,350 sq mi)|
|Population (October, 2014)|
|• Density||141.7/km2 (367/sq mi)|
|• Bird||Common heron|
North Gyeongsang Province (Korean: 경상북도; RR: Gyeongsangbuk-do), also known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Gyeongsang province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea.
The Gyeongsangbuk-do Office is located in Daegu, but Daegu has not been a part of the province since 1981. Daegu was the capital of Gyeongsang-do before 1896 and Gyeongsangbuk between 1896 and 1981. The Gyeongsangbuk-do Office will be relocated in a borderland between Andong and Yecheon.
The area of the province is 19,030 square kilometres (7,350 sq mi), 19.1% of the total area of South Korea.
Geography and climate
The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the south by Gyeongsangnam-do, on the west by Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do Provinces, and on the north by Gangwon-do Province. During the summer, Gyeongsangbuk-do is perhaps the hottest province in South Korea. This is helped by the fact that the province is largely surrounded by mountains: the Taebaek Mountains in the east and the Sobaek Mountains in the west.
Gyeongsangbuk-do is the homeland of the former kingdom of Silla and has retained much of its cultural tradition. A number of artists, political leaders and scholars have come from the province.
- Ohio, United States of America
- Henan, Shaanxi, The People's Republic of China
- Irkutsk, Russian Federation
- Bursa, Turkey
- North West, Republic of South Africa
- Thai Nguyen, Vietnam
- Yogjakarta, Republic of Indonesia
- Castilla y Leon, Spain
- Alsace, France
According to the census of 2005, of the people of North Gyeongsang 33.9% follow Buddhism and 18.6% follow Christianity (11.5% Protestantism and 7.1% Catholicism). 47.5% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.
|— Special-status City —|
|1||Pohang||포항시||浦項市||519,060||2 ilban-gu — 4 eup, 10 myeon, 15 haengjeong-dong|
|— City —|
|2||Gumi||구미시||龜尾市||417,708||2 eup, 6 myeon, 19 haengjeong-dong|
|3||Gyeongsan||경산시||慶山市||247,613||2 eup, 6 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong|
|4||Gyeongju||경주시||慶州市||263,704||4 eup, 8 myeon, 11 haengjeong-dong|
|5||Andong||안동시||安東市||167,826||1 eup, 13 myeon, 10 haengjeong-dong|
|6||Gimcheon||김천시||金泉市||135,191||1 eup, 14 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong|
|7||Yeongju||영주시||榮州市||112,482||1 eup, 9 myeon, 9 haengjeong-dong|
|8||Sangju||상주시||尙州市||103,950||1 eup, 17 myeon, 6 haengjeong-dong|
|9||Yeongcheon||영천시||永川市||101,295||1 eup, 10 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong|
|10||Mungyeong||문경시||聞慶市||75,749||2 eup, 7 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong|
|— County —|
|11||Chilgok County||칠곡군||漆谷郡||120,135||3 eup, 5 myeon|
|12||Uiseong County||의성군||義城郡||56,777||1 eup, 17 myeon|
|13||Uljin County||울진군||蔚珍郡||51,723||2 eup, 8 myeon|
|14||Yecheon County||예천군||醴泉郡||45,948||1 eup, 11 myeon|
|15||Cheongdo County||청도군||淸道郡||43,787||2 eup, 7 myeon|
|16||Seongju County||성주군||星州郡||44,824||1 eup, 9 myeon|
|17||Yeongdeok County||영덕군||盈德郡||40,213||1 eup, 8 myeon|
|18||Goryeong County||고령군||高靈郡||35,281||1 eup, 7 myeon|
|19||Bonghwa County||봉화군||奉化郡||33,936||1 eup, 9 myeon|
|20||Cheongsong County||청송군||靑松郡||26,432||1 eup, 7 myeon|
|21||Gunwi County||군위군||軍威郡||24,104||1 eup, 7 myeon|
|22||Yeongyang County||영양군||英陽郡||18,259||1 eup, 5 myeon|
|23||Ulleung County||울릉군||鬱陵郡||10,557||1 eup, 2 myeon|
- Jang Byeong-cheol (장병철, 7 April 2009). "도청이전 신도시 개발 본격화". Kyongbuk Ilbo (Pohang).
- 경북현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- 2005 Census - Religion Results
- 2013년 1분기 주민등록인구현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. March 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Gyeongsangbuk-do provincial government in English
- (French) Alsace/Gyeongsangbuk-do
- North Gyeongsang Province travel guide from Wikivoyage