North Jeolla Province
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|North Jeolla Province
|• Revised Romanization||Jeollabuk-do|
|Subdivisions||6 cities; 8 counties|
|• Governor||Song ha-jin|
|• Total||8,067 km2 (3,115 sq mi)|
|• Density||232/km2 (600/sq mi)|
North Jeolla Province, or Jeollabuk-do (전라북도; 全羅北道; Jeollabuk-do), is a province in the southwest of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Jeolla province, and remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea. The provincial capital is located at Jeonju, which was the capital of all of Jeolla before 1896.
During the Proto-Three Kingdoms period, Jeolla region was the center of the Mahan confederacy among Samhan. There were 15 tribal countries out of 54 located in the region. During the period of the Three States, this region came to belong to Baekje when it absorbed Mahan. Baekje was destroyed by the Silla and Chinese Tang dynasty allied force in 660 (20th year of King Uija) and ruled by Tang. It became a part of Silla when Tang was expelled in 676 (16th year of King Munmu).
In 892, when General Gyeon Hwon founded Hubaekje (later Baekje), this area continued to exist and was the center of the country for about 50 years. In 936, during the rule of Singeom, it was attributed to Goryeo Dynasty. From 900 to the time when Hubaekje was attributed to Goryeo, Wansan-ju (present Jeonju) had been its capital, and the country ruled the whole Jeolla-do region.
In 996 (14th year of King Sungjong), this region was named as the Gangnam province, and the Korean government established the 4 states (Jeonju-Jeonju area, Yeongju-Gobu area, Sunju-Sunchang area and Maju-Okgu area) in North Jeolla region.
Gangnam-do (Jeonbuk) and Haenam-do (Jeonnam) were combined and titled as Jeolla-do in 1018 (9th year of King Hyeonjong's reign).
During the Joseon Dynasty, as the administrative districts of the whole nation were organized in Eight Provinces system in 1413 (13th year of King Taejong's reign), Jeolla-do took charge of vast areas of: one prefecture, 4-autonomous counties, 4-protectorates, 12-counties, and 31-counties covering present Jeollanam-do, Jeollabuk-do and Jeju-do.
In 1896 (33rd year of King Gojong's reign), the whole country was divided into 13 provinces. Jeolla-do was divided into Jeollanam-do and Jeollabuk-do. Jeollabuk-do consisted of 26 counties.
In 1963, Geumsan-gun was incorporated into Chungnam, and Wido-myeon of Jeonnam was incorporated into Jeonbuk. Jeongju-eup and Namwon-eup were raised to cities in 1981 and Gimje-eup was raised to city status in 1989. Wansan-gu and Deokjin-gu were established in Jeonju-city in the same year.
Due to establishment of cities in the mixed type of city-farming area in 1995, Okgu, Jeungeup, Namwon, Gimje and Iksan-Guns were combined. Gimje and Iksan-guns were merged and Gunsan, Jeonju, Namwon, Gimje and Iri cities were integrated. Through repeated reorganizations of administrative districts, now the region consists of the administrative districts of 6 cities and 8 counties.
Geographical location of Jeollabuk-do
Jeollabuk-do is located in the west-southern part of Korea, bordered on the east-southern by Hadong-gun, Hamyang-gun, and Geochang-gun of Gyeongnam, and Gimcheon-si of Gyeongbuk, Bangyabong Peak of Sobaek Mountain (1,732m), Toggibong Peak (1,534m), Myeongseungbong Peak (1,586m), Baekwoonsan Mountain (1,279m), Namdeokyusan Mountain (1,508m), and Muyongsan Mountain (1,492m), on the south by Yeongwang-gun, Jangseong-gun, Damyang-gun, Gokseong-gun, and Gure-gun, on the north by Geumsan-gun, Nonsan-si, Buyeo -gun, and Seocheon-gun of Choongnam, and Yeongdong-gun of Choongbuk, and on the west by China over the Yellow Sea.
The total area of Jeollabuk-do is 8,067 square kilometres (3,115 sq mi), which accounts for 8.1% of the total area of South Korea.
Transportation and industry
In the 1960s the Honam highway (which has since been upgraded to the Honam Expressway) was built. This created an industrial belt, connecting the cities of Iri (now called Iksan) and Gunsan (a port city) with the provincial capital of Jeonju.
International Sisterhood relationship & partnership
- Sisterhood relationship
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