North Kent Line

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North Kent Line
Kent Railways.svg
The North Kent Line, shown with other railway lines in Kent.
Overview
Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail
System National Rail
Status Operational
Locale Greater London
South East England
Termini London Charing Cross
London Cannon Street
Gillingham
Dartford
Operation
Owner Network Rail
Operator(s) Southeastern
Depot(s) Slade Green
Grove Park
Gillingham
Rolling stock Class 375 "Electrostar"
Class 376 "Electrostar"
Class 395 "Javelin"
Class 465 "Networker"
Class 466 "Networker"
Technical
No. of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 DC third rail
North Kent Line
South Eastern Main Line
Fast & Slow Lines to London Bridge
St Johns
Nunhead to Lewisham link
to London Victoria via Peckham Rye
Lewisham Vale junction
Lewisham Docklands Light Railway
Hayes Line
to Hayes via Catford Bridge
SEML & Dartford Loop Line
Blackheath
Bexleyheath Line
Blackheath Tunnel 1 mile
Greenwich Line
to Cannon Street via Greenwich
Angerstein Wharf aggregates
Charlton
Charlton Lane Crossing
Charlton Tunnel 154 yds
Mount Street Tunnel 121 yds
Dockyard Tunnel 121 yds
Woolwich Dockyard
Coleman Street Tunnel 89 yds
George IV Tunnel 238 yds
Calderwood Street Tunnel 58 yds
Cross Street Tunnel 134 yds
Woolwich Arsenal Docklands Light Railway
Docklands Light Railway
Plumstead
to Royal Arsenal
Plumstead Carriage Sidings (NR)
Crossrail
to Reading or Heathrow Terminal 4
Church Manor Way Halt
Plumstead Carriage Sidings (Crossrail)
Abbey Wood
Crossrail boundary
Belvedere
Erith
Slade Green
Bexleyheath Line
Slade Green Depot
River Cray
Dartford Loop Line
Dartford
River Darent
Dartford Carriage Sidings
A282 Dartford Tunnel Approach
Stone Crossing
Greenhithe for Bluewater
Greenhithe Tunnel 253 yds
Swanscombe
High Speed 1
towards St Pancras
Northfleet
Ebbsfleet International
High Speed 1
towards Channel Tunnel
Gravesend
Milton Road Halt
Denton Halt
Milton Range Halt
Hoo Junction Staff Halt
The Hundred of Hoo Railway
Higham
Higham and Strood Tunnels 3,931 yds
Strood (1st)(Old terminus)
Strood
Chatham Main Line
towards London Victoria
Medway Valley Line
Rochester Bridge Junction
River Medway
Rochester
Chatham Main Line
to Dover Priory and Ramsgate

The North Kent Line is a railway line which runs from Lewisham Vale junction[1][2] (at the country end of St Johns station) where it splits from the Southeastern Main Line to Rochester Bridge junction[3][4] (just south of Strood station), then links up with the Chatham Main Line.

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

The North Kent Line was the means by which the South Eastern Railway (SER) was able to connect its system to London at London Bridge. In 1846 the SER purchased the Thames and Medway Canal tunnel near Higham and laid railway tracks through it; in 1847 trains were working through from the Strood terminus, on the River Medway to Gravesend. From 30 July 1849 the line was extended, via Blackheath, to a junction with the London and Greenwich Railway at North Kent East Junction, near Deptford, and through trains were now working.

Electrification[edit]

The line is electrified (750v DC third rail). Electrification was initially to Dartford (6 June 1926) and was extended to Gillingham by World War Two.

The Route and Services[edit]

The North Kent Line is regarded[by whom?] as a high-frequency line, with all stations in the London area being served by at least 4 trains per hour, with Lewisham 14tph

London Charing Cross to Gillingham 2tph fast, calling at Waterloo East, London Bridge fast to Lewisham (for Docklands Light Railway), Blackheath, Charlton, Woolwich Arsenal (for the Docklands Light Railway), Abbey Wood (Future interchange with Crossrail) fast to Dartford, then Greenhithe (for Bluewater), Gravesend then all stations to Gillingham.

London Cannon Street to Slade Green all stations via Greenwich 6tph, of which 2tph continue to Dartford, 2tph continue back to Cannon Street via Bexleyheath and Lewisham on the Bexleyheath line and 2tph to Cannon Street via Sidcup and Hither Green on the Dartford Loop line.

London Cannon Street to Plumstead 2tph, Semi Fast calling at London Bridge, New Cross, Lewisham, Blackheath, Charlton, Woolwich Arsenal and Plumstead, this service does not call at St. John's and Woolwich Dockyard.

Former services[edit]

From 1999–2002 there were semi-fast trains starting from Plumstead to London Victoria briefly resuming a 1980s service pattern. This service was for the Millennium Dome, the service called at, Woolwich Arsenal, Charlton, Blackheath, Lewisham, Peckham Rye then non-stop to London Victoria, there was also an early morning semi fast service to London Blackfriars from Dartford in the 1980s.

There were plans in 2003 to have a Plumstead to Clapham Junction cross south London service but it never came into fruition

Future[edit]

Abbey Wood is to become the eastern terminal for Crossrail.

Stations[edit]

Train services working the Line today take the following route; the first ten miles (16 km) passes through many tunnels, included on the list:

The North Kent Line connects with the LCDR Chatham Main Line at Rochester Bridge Junction, about 200 m beyond Strood station. It totals some 30 miles (48 km) in length.

Service patterns[edit]

As of December 2009, the service pattern is:

Off-peak & Saturday:

Sunday:

Peak hour frequencies vary, with services from the Bexleyheath and Dartford loop lines also running to and from stations to Gillingham.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quail Map 5 – England South [page 3] Sept 2002 (Retrieved 25 December 2011)
  2. ^ Network Rail (April 2001). Southern Zone Sectional Appendix. Module SO. p. 1/37 SO130.  (Retrieved 25 December 2011)
  3. ^ Quail Map 5 – England South [page 7] Sept 2002 (Retrieved 25 December 2011)
  4. ^ Network Rail (April 2001). Southern Zone Sectional Appendix. Module SO. p. 1/15 SO130.  (Retrieved 25 December 2011)

External links[edit]