North Korea–Poland relations

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Poland–North Korea relations
Map indicating locations of Poland and North Korea

Poland

North Korea

Poland is one of the few countries that maintain diplomatic and limited trading (fishing) relations with Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Relations between the two countries began on 16 October 1948.

North Korea maintains an embassy in Warsaw, and Poland in Pyongyang. The current North Korean ambassador is Kim Pyong-il, the current Polish ambassador is Edward Pietrzyk.

According to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, only 5% of Poles view North Korea's influence positively, with 68% expressing a negative view.[1]

Overview[edit]

From June 1956 until 1993 Poland remained part of the NNSC (Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission) named by the DPRK and Chinese Volunteers as part of the armistice agreement. When communism fell in Poland and Czechoslovakia, KPA took over the camps and expelled the Poles and Czechs. In 1989, Poland lost its status as a "friend" and its privileged position in contacts with the DPRK. Despite the change from communism to capitalism in Poland in 1989 and Poland's establishing relations with South Korea, relations between Poland and DPRK remain at the fair level.

Poland also provides North Korea with small grants in farming equipment, medicine etc.

Trade relations[edit]

Economic relations between the two countries are currently maintained at the symbolic level of trade and sailing co-operation (Polish-Korean company CHOPOL Sp. z.o.o. owning one ship). Value of trade in 2007 was 15.207 million USD, including Polish export at 0.507 million USD:[2]

  • Polish export: 0.507 million USD
  • Polish import: 14.7 million USD

The most important goods exported by Poland were meats and other food products, mechanical and electronic tools as well as clothing products.

Diplomatic relations[edit]

North Korean embassy in Warsaw

Poland maintains its embassy in Pyongyang and DPRK maintains its embassy in Warsaw. As of 2009, Republic of Poland and DPRK signed 16 bilateral treaties, 12 as People's Republic of Poland and 4 as Republic of Poland.[3]

Bilateral treaties[edit]

As Polish People's Republic[edit]

  • Agreement between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on creation of Polish Red Cross hospital in Korea

Signature date: 1953-05-08

  • Agreement on cultural cooperation between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Signature date: 1956-05-11

  • Protocol between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea concerning the amendment to article 4 of the Agreement on Cultural Cooperation, signed at Pyongyang on 11 May 1956.

Signature date: 1966-09-28

  • Agreement between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on the establishment of the Consultative Commission for Economic, Scientific and Technical Matters

Signature date: 1972-10-04

  • Agreement between Governments of the Polish People's Republic and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on mutual granting rights to use of lots designated for construction of embassy buildings

Signature date: 1966-05-10

  • Protocol partial amending the Agreement between Governments of the Polish People's Republic and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on mutual granting rights to use of lots designated for construction of embassy buildings

Signature date: 1977-05-30

  • Agreement between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on air services

Signature date: 1978-08-28

  • Consular Convention between the Polish People's Republic and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Signature date: 1982-08-03

  • Consular Convention between the Polish People's Republic and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Signature date: 1982-08-03

  • Agreement between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on cooperation in production of MI-2 helicopters in Korea

Signature date: 1986-03-27

  • Agreement between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on deliveries of goods and payments of thereto related produce of MI-8 helicopters

Signature date: 1986-10-30

  • Agreement between the People's Republic of Poland and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on legal assistance in civil, family and criminal matters.

Signature date: 1986-09-28

  • Agreement between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on conversion of the Korean-Polish Maritime Brokering Company into the Korean-Polish Shipping Company - a Joint Stock Limited Liability

Signature date: 1987-02-11

As the Republic of Poland[edit]

  • Trade and Payment Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Poland and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Signature date: 1992-05-12

  • Protocol between the Government of the Republic of Poland and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on regulation of mutual obligations in clearing rubles in payment relations due to the alteration of the convertible currency payments from 1 January 1991

Signature date: 1992-05-12

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Poland and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on co-operation of fisheries

Signature date: 1997-10-02

  • Protocol between the Government of the Republic of Poland and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on validity of bilateral international agreements in relations between the Republic of Poland and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Signature date: 2007-02-01

Official visits between the countries[edit]

Polish visits to North Korea:

  • 2007 - vice minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland (political consultations)
  • 2004 - vice minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland (political consultations)
  • 2001 - vice minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Poland (political consultations)

Korean visits in Poland

  • 2008 - vice minister of foreign affairs of DPRK (political consultations)

See also[edit]

References[edit]