North London

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North London
Boundary Commission area
Coordinates: 51°22′N 0°04′E / 51.36°N 0.06°E / 51.36; 0.06Coordinates: 51°22′N 0°04′E / 51.36°N 0.06°E / 51.36; 0.06
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region London
Comprises City of London and the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Brent, Camden, Ealing, Enfield, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Newham, Redbridge, Tower Hamlets, Waltham Forest, and Westminster.
Area
 • Total 357.62 sq mi (926.22 km2)
Population
 • Total 4,721,700
 • Density 13,000/sq mi (5,100/km2)

North London is the northern part of London, England. It is an imprecise description and the area it covers is defined differently for a range of purposes. Common to these definitions is that it includes districts located north of the River Thames and is used in comparison with South London. However, it is also often used in comparisons with Central London, East London and West London.

Boundary Commission[edit]

North and South London as defined by the Boundary Commission

The River Thames divides Greater London into two parts. The northern part includes most of the historic central areas including the City, the East End and the West End; and the majority of the London Underground network.

This area is made up of the City of London and the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Brent, Camden, Ealing, Enfield, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Newham, Redbridge, Tower Hamlets, Waltham Forest, and Westminster. This definition is used by the Boundary Commission for England.[1] The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames includes sections on both sides of the River Thames. The boundary commission class the entire district as part of South London.[2]

In 1965 Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Tower Hamlets and Westminster were designated Inner London boroughs and Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest were designated Outer London boroughs.[3]

Subregion[edit]

The current subregions
The 2004–2008 subregions

For the purposes of the London Plan, there has been a North London subregion in operation since 2004, originally consisting of Barnet, Enfield, Haringey and Waltham Forest.[4] In 2001 this area had a population of 1,042,000.[5] This definition is used by organisations such as Connexions.[6] In 2008 it was amended and it now consists of Barnet, Camden, Enfield, Hackney, Haringey, Islington and Westminster.

List of boroughs[edit]

This list includes all boroughs included in the Boundary Commission area.

London borough Postcode areas 2008 sub-region London Assembly[7]
LondonBarkingDagenham.svg Barking and Dagenham IG, RM North East City and East
LondonBarnet.svg Barnet EN, HA, N, NW North Barnet and Camden
LondonBrent.svg Brent HA, NW, W West Brent and Harrow
LondonCamden.svg Camden EC, WC, N, NW North Barnet and Camden
LondonEaling.svg Ealing UB, W West Ealing and Hillingdon
LondonEnfield.svg Enfield EN, N, E North Enfield and Haringey
LondonHackney.svg Hackney E, EC, N North North East
LondonHammersmithFulham.svg Hammersmith Fulham SW, W West West Central
LondonHaringey.svg Haringey N North Enfield and Haringey
LondonHarrow.svg Harrow HA West Brent and Harrow
LondonHavering.svg Havering RM North East Havering and Redbridge
LondonHillingdon.svg Hillingdon HA, TW, UB, WD West Ealing and Hillingdon
LondonHounslow.svg Hounslow TW, W West South West
LondonIslington.svg Islington EC, WC, N North North East
LondonKensingtonChelsea.svg Kensington and Chelsea W, SW West West Central
LondonNewham.svg Newham E, IG North East City and East
LondonRedbridge.svg Redbridge E, IG, RM North East Havering and Redbridge
LondonWaltham.svg Waltham Forest E, IG North East North East
LondonWestminster.svg Westminster NW, SW, W West West Central

Climate[edit]

North London, like other parts of London and the UK in general, a temperate maritime climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Four Met Office weather stations currently collect climate data for London North of the river; Hampstead, Heathrow, Northolt and St James Park.[8] Long term climate observations dating back to 1910 are available for Hampstead, which also the most elevated Weather Station in the London area, at 137m. This both hill top and urban position means severe frosts are rare. As one might expect, temperatures increase towards the Thames, firstly because of the urban warming effect of the surrounding area, but secondly due to altitude decreasing towards the river, meaning some of the hillier the northern margins of North London are often a degree or so cooler than those areas adjacent to the Thames. Occasionally snow can be seen to lie towards the Chilterns while central London is snow free.

Typically the warmest day of the year at Hampstead will average 29.3 °C (84.7 °F)[9] with around 14 days[10] in total achieving a value of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or higher. The average coldest night should fall to −5.6 °C (21.9 °F).[11] On average 35.8 nights[12] will report an air frost, some 119 days[13] of the year will register at least 1mm of precipitation, and on 7.4 days[14] a cover of snow will be observed. All annual averages refer to the observation period 1971-2000.

Climate data for Hampstead 137m asl 1971-2000,
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
18.3
(64.9)
23.1
(73.6)
26.6
(79.9)
29.8
(85.6)
33.7
(92.7)
34.4
(93.9)
37.4
(99.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28.3
(82.9)
17.9
(64.2)
15.3
(59.5)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
10.1
(50.2)
12.6
(54.7)
16.4
(61.5)
19.2
(66.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
18.2
(64.8)
14.1
(57.4)
9.7
(49.5)
7.7
(45.9)
13.8
(56.8)
Average low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
1.4
(34.5)
3.1
(37.6)
4.3
(39.7)
7.4
(45.3)
10.4
(50.7)
12.8
(55)
12.8
(55)
10.6
(51.1)
7.5
(45.5)
4.0
(39.2)
2.5
(36.5)
6.53
(43.75)
Record low °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−12.2
(10)
−6.9
(19.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.8
(35.2)
5.6
(42.1)
4.7
(40.5)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.4
(27.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
−12.2
(10)
Precipitation mm (inches) 64.72
(2.548)
39.91
(1.5713)
52.71
(2.0752)
53.53
(2.1075)
59.48
(2.3417)
58.07
(2.2862)
44.11
(1.7366)
59.66
(2.3488)
63.38
(2.4953)
71.43
(2.8122)
60.26
(2.3724)
64.29
(2.5311)
691.55
(27.2263)
Source: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute[15]

Associated organisations[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]