North Maumee Bay Archeological District

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North Maumee Bay Archeological District
North Maumee Bay along East Sterns Road
Location within the state of Michigan
Location within the state of Michigan
Location within the state of Michigan
Location Erie Township
Monroe County, Michigan
Coordinates 41°45′N 83°27′W / 41.750°N 83.450°W / 41.750; -83.450Coordinates: 41°45′N 83°27′W / 41.750°N 83.450°W / 41.750; -83.450
NRHP Reference # 80001882[1]
Added to NRHP December 5, 1980

The North Maumee Bay Archeological District is a historic district located in the southeasternmost corner of Erie Township in Monroe County, Michigan. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 5, 1980.[1]

While the official address of the archeological site is restricted, the district incorporates the area of the North Maumee Bay at the mouth of the Ottawa River and Maumee River in Lake Erie. The sparsely populated area includes the Woodtick Peninsula, Gard Island, Indian Island, the Erie Marsh Preserve, the Erie Fish and Hunt Club, and much of the grassy shoreline and interior wetlands.[2] Public access is permitted, and the area is a well known fishing destination. It is also known for one of the areas under dispute during the Toledo War between Michigan and Ohio from 1835–1836, although no actual conflict took place on the land.

In 2006, the Erie Marsh Preserve was incorporated into the expanding Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge. At 3.46 mi² (8.97 km²), the Erie Marsh Preserve doubled the size of the growing refuge and remains the refuge's largest property. At 19 acres (7.7 ha), Gard Island was also incorporated into the wildlife refuge at the same time. These two areas represent the southernmost portions of the wildlife refuge. Properties within the district are owned by private land owners, The Nature Conservancy, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[3][4][5]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. November 11, 2009. 
  2. ^ Monroe County Planning Department & Commission (2009). "Monroe County Comprehensive Plan". p. 48. Retrieved November 19, 2009. 
  3. ^ The Nature Conservancy (2010). "Erie Marsh Preserve". Retrieved March 17, 2010. 
  4. ^ Environmental Protection Agency (2009). "Detroit River-Western Lake Erie Basin Indicator Project". Retrieved March 17, 2010. 
  5. ^ Fish and Wildlife Service (2006). "The Nature Conservancy Helps Double the Size of Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved March 20, 2010.