North Mesopotamian Arabic

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North Mesopotamian Arabic
Native to Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus
Native speakers
6.3 million  (1992)[1]
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ayp
Glottolog nort3142[2]

North Mesopotamian Arabic (also known as Moslawi, meaning 'of Mosul') is a variety of Arabic spoken north of the Hamrin Mountains in Iraq, in western Iran, northern Syria, and in southeastern Turkey (in the eastern Mediterranean Region, Southeastern Anatolia Region, and southern Eastern Anatolia Region).[3] Like other Mesopotamian Arabics and Levantine Arabic, it shows signs of an Aramaic substrate.[4]

Different Arabic dialects in the Arab world

Cypriot Arabic shares a large number of common features with Mesopotamian Arabic;[5] particularly the northern variety, and has been reckoned as belonging to this dialect area.[6]


  1. ^ North Mesopotamian Arabic at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "North Mesopotamian Arabic". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  4. ^ R. J. al-Mawsely, al-Athar, al-Aramiyyah fi lughat al-Mawsil al-amiyyah (Lexicon: Aramaic in the popular language of Mosul): Baghdad 1963
  5. ^ Versteegh, Kees (2001). The Arabic Language. Edinburgh University Press. p. 212. ISBN 0-7486-1436-2. 
  6. ^ Owens, Jonathan (2006). A Linguistic History of Arabic. Oxford University Press. p. 274. ISBN 0-19-929082-2. 

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