North Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)

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North Norfolk
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Norfolk in Norfolk.
Outline map
Location of Norfolk within England.
County Norfolk
Electorate 68,277 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1868 (1868)
Member of Parliament Norman Lamb (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members one (two 1868-1885)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

North Norfolk is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Formerly a safe seat for the Conservatives, it has been represented by the Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb since 2001. This marked the first time that a Liberal aligned candidate had won a seat in Norfolk since 1929. This was to be followed by the election of Simon Wright in Norwich South in 2010.

At the May 2005 general election the seat was one of the Conservatives' top targets as Lamb was defending a majority of just 483 against a relatively high-profile Tory, Iain Dale. However, Lamb instead increased his majority to 10,606. Although the seat had been Labour for 25 years since World War II, Labour have slumped to a distant third in recent years.

The seat often has the highest turnout of any constituency across the eastern counties in general elections at well over 70%.

North Norfolk was described by the Earl of Leicester as "the one constituency in England where, in 1964, it was so feudal that it had to be explained to the electors that the ballot was secret."[2][dead link]

Boundaries[edit]

Boundary review[edit]

Following a review of parliamentary representation in Norfolk in 2007, the Boundary Commission for England created a new constituency of Broadland based on the local government district of that name. However, the boundaries of the constituency do not match the local authority, with six wards (Raynham, Wemsum, Walsingham, Astley, Fakenham South and North) now removed from the North Norfolk constituency and placed in the new Broadland seat.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1868–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[4] 1st Party 2nd Member[4] 2nd Party
1868 constituency created
1868 Frederick Walpole Conservative Sir Edmund Lacon Conservative
1876 by-election James Duff Conservative
1879 by-election Edward Birkbeck Conservative
1885 reduced to one member

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 Herbert Cozens-Hardy Liberal
1899 by-election William Brampton Gurdon Liberal
Jan 1910 Noel Buxton Liberal
1918 Douglas King Coalition Independent
1920 Coalition Conservative
1922 Noel Buxton Labour
1930 by-election Lady Noel-Buxton Labour
1931 Thomas Cook Conservative
1945 Edwin Gooch Labour
1964 Bert Hazell Labour
1970 Ralph Howell Conservative
1997 David Prior Conservative
2001 Norman Lamb Liberal Democrats

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: North Norfolk[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb 27,554 55.5 +2.3
Conservative Trevor Ivory 15,928 32.1 -3.9
Labour Phil Harris 2,896 5.8 -3.1
UKIP Michael Baker 2,680 5.4 +3.7
Green Andrew Boswell 508 1.0 +1.0
Independent Simon Mann 95 0.2 +0.2
Majority 11,626 23.4
Turnout 49,661 73.2 +0.5
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb 31,515 53.4 +10.7
Conservative Iain Dale 20,909 35.5 −6.3
Labour Phil Harris 5,447 9.2 −4.1
UKIP Stuart Agnew 978 1.7 +0.6
Independent Justin Appleyard 116 0.2
Majority 10,606 18.0
Turnout 58,965 73.0 +2.8
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +8.5
General Election 2001: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb 23,978 42.7 +8.4
Conservative David Prior 23,495 41.8 +5.3
Labour Mike Gates 7,490 13.3 -11.7
Green Mike Sheridan 649 1.2
UKIP Paul Simison 608 1.1
Majority 483 0.9
Turnout 56,220 70.2 -5.8
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +1.5

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Prior 21,456 36.5 -11.8
Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb 20,163 34.3 +7.0
Labour Michael Cullingham 14,736 25.1 +1.9
Referendum Party John Allen 2,458 4.2 N/A
Majority 1,293 2.2 -18.8
Turnout 58,813 76.0 -4.8
Conservative hold Swing -9.5
General Election 1992: North Norfolk[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Howell 28,810 48.3 -5.0
Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb 16,265 27.3 +2.3
Labour Michael Cullingham 13,850 23.2 +3.3
Green Angie Zelter 559 0.9 -0.8
Natural Law S Jackson 167 0.3 N/A
Majority 12,545 21.0 -7.3
Turnout 59,651 80.8 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing -3.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Howell 28,822 53.3 -0.7
SDP–Liberal Alliance Niel Anthony 13,512 25.0 -1.8
Labour Anthony Earle 10,765 19.9 +0.7
Green Michael Filgate 960 1.8
Majority 15,310 28.3 +1.1
Turnout 54,059 77.5 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.5
General Election 1983: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Howell 26,230 54.0 -2.9
SDP–Liberal Alliance John Elworthy 13,007 26.8 +13.0
Labour Edward Barber 9,317 19.2 -9.4
Majority 13,223 27.2 -1.1
Turnout 48,554 74.6 -4.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Howell 43,952 56.9 +8.8
Labour R S Dimmick 22,126 28.6 -3.4
Liberal G R Collings 10,643 13.8 -6.1
National Front A C R Sizeland 548 0.7
Majority 21,826 28.3 +12.2
Turnout 72,269 78.7 +2.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Howell 33,312 48.1 +0.5
Labour D M Mason 22,191 32.0 +3.4
Liberal R G Moore 13,776 19.9 -3.9
Majority 11,121 16.1 -2.9
Turnout 69,279 76.5 -6.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Howell 35,684 47.6 -7.7
Labour D M Mason 21,394 28.6 -16.1
Liberal R G Moore 17,853 23.8
Majority 14,290 19.0 +8.5
Turnout 74,931 83.4 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Howell 24,587 55.3
Labour Bert Hazell 19,903 44.7
Majority 4,684 10.5
Turnout 44,490 80.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bert Hazell 20,796 50.90
Conservative RF Howell 20,059 49.10
Majority 737 1.80
Turnout 83.19
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bert Hazell 19,370 50.1
Conservative C Easton 19,303 49.9
Majority 53 0.14 0.7
Turnout 79.75
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edwin Gooch 19,784 50.85
Liberal National FH Easton 19,126 49.15
Majority 658 1.69
Turnout 79.81
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edwin Gooch 20,899 51.53
Liberal National W Jameson 19,657 48.47
Majority 1,242 3.06
Turnout 81.64
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edwin Gooch 21,067 50.33
Liberal National DM Reid 20,788 49.67
Majority 279 0.67
Turnout 83.66
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edwin Gooch 19,790 47.99
Liberal National DM Reid 17,741 43.03
Liberal A Jones 3,703 8.98
Majority 2,049 4.97
Turnout 84.31
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Norfolk Northern
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edwin Gooch 17,753 58.67
Conservative Thomas Cook 12,507 41.33
Majority 5,246 17.34
Turnout 70.94
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Norfolk Northern
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Cook 17,863 55.26
Labour Lady Noel-Buxton 14,465 44.74
Majority 3,398 10.51
Turnout 78.14
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Norfolk Northern
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Cook 19,988 60.53
Labour Lady Noel-Buxton 13,035 39.47
Majority 6,953 21.06
Turnout 82.27
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
By Election 1930: Norfolk Northern
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lady Noel-Buxton
Conservative
Majority 139
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910 North Norfolk[7]

Electorate 11,169

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Noel Edward Noel-Buxton 5,187
Conservative Henry Douglas King 4,491
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910 North Norfolk[7]

Electorate 11,169

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Noel Edward Noel-Buxton 5,189 53.0 -5.7
Conservative Henry Douglas King 4,604 47.0 +5.7
Majority 585 6.0 -11.4
Turnout 87.7 +6.3
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 North Norfolk[7]

Electorate 10,795

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir William Brampton Gurdon 5,155 58.7
Conservative F T S Rippingall 3,628 41.3
Majority 1,527 17.4
Turnout 81.4
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1900 North Norfolk[7]

Electorate 10,261

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir William Brampton Gurdon 4,490 56.2 -0.7
Conservative H S Follett 3,493 43.8 +0.7
Majority 997 12.4 -1.4
Turnout 77.8 -5.9
Liberal hold Swing -0.7

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert Cozens-Hardy 4,084 55.1 -5.0
Conservative A E Fellowes 3,324 44.9 +5.0
Majority 760 10.2 -10.0
Turnout 7,408 76.0 -9.9
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: North Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert Cozens-Hardy 5,028 60.1
Conservative S Hoare 3,342 39.9
Majority 1,686 20.2
Turnout 8,370 85.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: North Norfolk (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Walpole 2,630
Conservative Sir Edmund Lacon 2,563
Liberal E R Wodehouse 2,235
Liberal R T Gurdon 2,078
Majority

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Obituary of Bert Hazell in The Independent by Tam Dalyell; 22 January 2009
  3. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007
  4. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "Election 2010: Norfolk North". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  7. ^ a b c d British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 

Coordinates: 52°53′N 1°10′E / 52.89°N 1.17°E / 52.89; 1.17