North Pickenham

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North Pickenham
St Andrew, North Pickenham, Norfolk - geograph.org.uk - 309228.jpg
St Andrew's church
North Pickenham is located in Norfolk
North Pickenham
North Pickenham
 North Pickenham shown within Norfolk
Area  10.15 km2 (3.92 sq mi)
Population 500 UK census 2001
   – density  49/km2 (130/sq mi)
OS grid reference TF8646606864
District Breckland
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SWAFFHAM
Postcode district PE37
Dialling code 01760
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°37′39″N 0°45′13″E / 52.6275°N 0.753611°E / 52.6275; 0.753611

North Pickenham is a village in the Breckland district of mid-Norfolk, East Anglia, England. It lies three miles, as the crow flies, from the Georgian market town of Swaffham.

At the 2001 census it had a population of 500 and an area of 1,015 hectares (3.92 square miles)[1] Norfolk (pop. 832,400) has about one-thirtieth of the population density of Central London, the tenth lowest density county in the country, with 38% of the county’s population living in the three major urban areas of Norwich (194,200), Great Yarmouth (66,400) and King's Lynn (40,700).[2]

The River Wissey cuts through the village at Houghton Lane bridge,[3] following the course of Meadow Lane, close to the river's source at Bradenham. Its sister village South Pickenham is two miles away through pretty, narrow country lanes.

North Pickenham has a Parish Council Tax (Band D).[4]

History[edit]

The village is after its Saxon leader Pinca,[5] Pica[6][7] or maybe Piccea with ham meaning homestead, it became a pagan Anglo Saxon settlement in the 5th century AD. It remained part of a Saxon kingdom until the Norman Conquest in 1066[8] when it became part of the honour of the Earl of Richmond, Yorkshire. The old village sign showed a Saxon (left) and a Norman (right) warrior (see Great Britain in the Middle Ages) with Richmond Castle and the river Wissey in the background; The sign was designed by Ben Ripper, a local historian, and carved by Steve Eggleton. A new village statue by Tom Yorke replaced the deteriorating old sign and was unveiled by the incumbent MP George Freeman on 22 October 2010.[9]

It was once in the Hundred of South Greenhoe.[10][11][12]

The former Royal Air Force station, RAF North Pickenham, was located nearby hosting American B-24 Liberator bombers during World War II.[13] In the late 1950s and early 1960s three PGM-17 Thor nuclear missiles were located here[14] with early cases of CND acts of civil disobedience.[15][16] The airbase is now the site of a turkey farm owned by Bernard Matthews,[17] a karting circuit and an eight-turbine wind farm run by North Pickenham Wind Farm LLP.[18] A 'stealth blade', which is trying to be invisible to aviation radar, was tested on one of the turbines here in October 2009.[19] In February 2009 Bernard Matthews detailed plans to put two turbines at the airfield site,[20] an independent development to the eight turbines already there.

Amenities[edit]

St Mary's Church, Houghton on the Hill

North Pickenham has a newly extended school with its own wind turbine. Its namesake, at the centre of the village, is St Andrew's church[21] in the Benefice of Necton

Adjacent to the church is a freehouse pub called the Blue Lion which, with recent surveys and listed buildings visits, suggest it dates from the late 18th century with documented licensees from the mid-19th century.

North Pickenham is near to the lost village of Houghton on the Hill with the restored church of St Mary's, with its outstanding 11th century wall paintings,[22] instigated with tireless devotion by Bob Davey MBE.[23][24][25]

The 46 mile Peddars Way footpath runs through the village, 19 miles[26] from its south eastern start in Suffolk. The Peddars Way starts at Knettishall Heath Country Park and follows the route of a Roman road to Holme-next-the-Sea on the Norfolk coast north of Hunstanton. At Holme the Peddars Way meets the Norfolk Coast Path as it runs east along the north Norfolk coast, designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, to the Victorian seaside resort of Cromer.

The annual local village show was reinstated in 2007. It raises funds for the church and highlights the growing and making skills of local residents.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  2. ^ Norfolk Government Statistics
  3. ^ River Wissey at Houghton Lane 52°37'35.18"N 0°45'19.63"E
  4. ^ Breckland Yearbook[dead link]
  5. ^ "Pinca". Archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  6. ^ "Institute for Name Studies. Search Pickenham". Nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  7. ^ INS result
  8. ^ "Domesday Book". Google Books. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  9. ^ Parish, Pickenham (22 October 2010). "Pickenham Posts". Pickenhamposts.blogspot.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "GenUKI". Origins.org.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  11. ^ "The Beauties of England and Wales". Google Books. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  12. ^ John Chambers. "A General History of the County of Norfolk". Google Books. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "32 Copilots By Charles R. Bastien". Google Books. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  14. ^ "An RAF Thor Missile Station at North Pickenham, Norfolk". YouTube. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  15. ^ "Yours Faithfully, Bertrand Russell By Bertrand Russell, Ray Perkins". Google Books. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  16. ^ "Against the Bomb By Richard K. S. Taylor". Google Books. 19 May 1986. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  17. ^ 01:55 pm. "Google Earth Community: The world's largest turkey farm". Bbs.keyhole.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  18. ^ Enertrag UK
  19. ^ 'Stealth Blade' Watton and Swaffham Times
  20. ^ Bernard Matthews turbine proposal[dead link]
  21. ^ St.Andrew's [dead link]
  22. ^ "Comprehensive St. Mary's .pdf file" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  23. ^ Bob Davey MBE[dead link]
  24. ^ "Mr Davey Versus The Devil". Google Books. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  25. ^ "Heritage Lottery Fund". BBC News. 11 May 2006. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "Peddars Way Distant Chart" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  27. ^ Published on Tuesday 16 September 2008 14:17 (16 September 2008). "Village show report". Lynnnews.co.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011.