|— Town —|
|• Total||40.9 sq mi (106.0 km2)|
|• Land||40.4 sq mi (104.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)|
|Elevation||492 ft (150 m)|
|• Density||68/sq mi ( 26/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462191|
Royalton is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 2,773 at the 2010 census. It includes the villages of Royalton, South Royalton, and North Royalton. Vermont Law School, the state's only accredited law school, is located in South Royalton.
The town was chartered on November 23, 1769, by Cadwallader Colden, Royal Lieutenant Governor of New York. The first permanent settlers were Robert Havens and his family, who arrived in 1771. Royalton was re-chartered by the Independent Republic of Vermont on December 20, 1781. The 1780 Royalton Raid was the last major British raid of the American War of Independence in New England. In 1848, the Vermont Central Railroad opened to South Royalton, which developed as a freight depot.
In June 1974, the now-defunct Royalton College hosted the Institute for Humane Studies' Conference on Austrian Economics. The conference is considered the "single most important catalyst in this revival of Austrian economics", an economic theory also known as "The Austrian School", the "Vienna School" or the "Psychological School". Edwin G. Dolan hosted the conference. Notable presenters included Israel M. Kirzner, Ludwig M. Lachmann, and Murray N. Rothbard. The edited version of the conference proceedings appears in Professor Dolan's The Foundations of Modern Austrian Economics.
The town is located on the east side of the Green Mountains, and the White River cuts through its center. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.9 square miles (106.0 km2), of which 40.4 square miles (104.7 km2) is land and 0.5 square mile (1.3 km2) (1.25%) is water.
The town is crossed by Interstate 89, Vermont Route 14, Vermont Route 107, and Vermont Route 110. It is bordered by the town of Bethel to the northwest, Randolph to the north, Tunbridge to the northeast, Strafford to the east, Sharon to the southeast, Pomfret to the south, and Barnard to the southwest.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,603 people, 1,155 households, and 622 families residing in the town. The population density was 64.4 people per square mile (24.9/km2). There were 1,281 housing units at an average density of 31.7 per square mile (12.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.20% White, 0.77% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.77% Asian, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.
There were 1,155 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.1% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 35.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,943, and the median income for a family was $42,898. Males had a median income of $29,708 versus $26,667 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,755. About 7.6% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest 
Notable people 
- Frederick H. Billings, lawyer, financier and railroad president
- Albert Carrington, religious leader
- Salmon P. Chase, US senator and 23rd governor of Ohio, treasury secretary and chief justice
- Jacob Collamer, US congressman, senator, and postmaster general
- Dudley Chase Denison, US congressman
- Charles Durkee, US senator
- Lemuel W. Joiner, state congressman and state senator from Wisconsin
- Truman Henry Safford, calculating prodigy
- William Smith, religious leader
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Royalton town, Windsor County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- Joseph Smith, Jr. Monument, Mormon Historic Sites Registry, c. 2006. Accessed 2008-04-09.
- A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
- Evelyn M. Wood Lovejoy, History of Royalton, Vermont; Burlington, Vermont 1911