North Runcton

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Coordinates: 52°42′59″N 0°26′06″E / 52.71651°N 0.43512°E / 52.71651; 0.43512

North Runcton
North Runcton village sign.jpg
The village sign, North Runcton, Norfolk
North Runcton is located in Norfolk
North Runcton
North Runcton
 North Runcton shown within Norfolk
Area  5.99 km2 (2.31 sq mi)
Population 266 (parish, 2001 census)
    - Density  44 /km2 (110 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TF5103
    - London  102 miles (164 km) 
Civil parish North Runcton
District King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KING'S LYNN
Postcode district PE33
Dialling code 01553
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament North West Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

North Runcton is a village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.[1] The village is 43.2 miles (69.5 km) west of Norwich, 4.3 miles (6.9 km) south-south-west of King's Lynn and 102 miles (164 km) north of London. The village is located a small distance south-west of the A47[2] between King's Lynn and Swaffham. The nearest railway station is at King's Lynn for the Fen Line which runs between King's Lynn and Cambridge. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. The parish of North Runcton in the 2001 census, has a population of 266. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of King's Lynn and West Norfolk.

Description[edit]

The parish of North Runcton is situated in the west of Norfolk, and is 4.3 miles (6.9 km) directly southeast of the town of King's Lynn. The name North Runcton is thought to originate from the Old English for settlement at the north bridge, or northern settlement at the bridge.[3] The village is close to the village of West Winch, which is 1-mile (1.6 km) west along Rectory Lane.

Half a mile from the village green is the junction with the A47. The road south from the common leads to Setchey 2 miles (3.2 km) away. Other nearby villages include Middleton and Blackborough End. The village surrounded by arable farmland. In the centre of the village is the green and All Saints' parish church. Also on the green are the buildings which used to house the school and the post office which closed in October 1975. The village school closed in July 1983 but the building now serves as the village meeting place and is also holds a nursery which opened 1996.

The English actor Michael Caine was evacuated to North Runcton from London during World War II.

History[edit]

Roman period[edit]

Evidence suggests that there had been a settlement in the parish during the Roman period. Crop marks visible on archaeology oblique aerial photographs taken in 1976 showed a complex series of features including rectangular and sub-rounded enclosures, linear features and pits. Evidence to back Roman occupation have been backed up with archaeological finds which have includes a bracelet, coins, a dolphin brooch and a plate brooch.

Saxons[edit]

During the 1920s and '30s archeologist unearthed a Saxon inhumation or burial containing beads and a brooch within the parish. Also discovered and excavated was an early Saxon cremation cemetery. A few metal objects have also been recovered from the parish including a late Saxon stirrup strap of an unusual form found at Brooke Farm.

The Normans and the Domesday Book[edit]

North Runcton has an entry in the Domesday Book of 1085 where its population, land ownership and productive resources were extensively detailed[4] In the great book North Runcton is recorded by the name of Runghetuna and Rynghetona. The main tenants being Hermer de Ferrers and William d'Ecouis. The survey also records always 11 villagers, 7 smallholders, 2 slaves, meadow, 30 acres (120,000 m2). Always 2 ploughs in lordship, 1 men's plough, 1½ mills.

In the Domesday survey fractions[5] were used to indicate that the entry, in this case a mill was situated within more than one parish. woodland at 20 pigs, 4 salt-houses and one third of a fifth. Always 1 cob, 4 head of cattle, 27 pigs, 100 sheep. 1 church, 30 acres (120,000 m2). 13 Freemen appertain to this manor, 37 acres (150,000 m2). Always 1 plough. Value always £6 4s 0d. The whole has 1 league in length and in width, of a 20s King's tax, it pays 12d. West Winch is in this measurement.

All Saints' Parish Church[edit]

All Saints' Parish Church

All Saints' Church, North Runcton, was built by the architect Henry Bell, a contemporary of Christopher Wren, who also built the Custom House in King's Lynn.[6] At the time Bell lived within the parish at North Runcton Hall. The church is built on the site of the previous church, which was flattened when the tower collapsed in 1701. Most of the exterior is constructed from brick and carrstone but earlier Norman and possibly Anglo-Saxon materials have been incorporated.

Four Ionic columns support the domed roof with other columns supporting the tripartite chancel arch.[7] The reredos panelling is the work of Bell. The tower has been re-built from Norman materials with carved fragments that might be older. The church was extended and altered in late 19th century. The church's internal furnishings date from the 1713 reconstruction by Bell. The font is from St Margaret's of King's Lynn. Bell had died in 1711, two years before the work was completed. It is a Grade I listed building.[8] In the 19th century the rectorship was "in the gift" of Trinity College, Cambridge and the banker, Daniel Gurney. Appointments as rector included the astronomer, Nevil Maskelyne, and the chemistry professor, Joseph Cumming.[9]

Governance[edit]

North Runcton is a parish of the Kings Lynn and West Norfolk district council, which is responsible for the most local services. Norfolk County Council is in charge of roads, some schools, and social services, and the county councillor is Richard Toby Coke. For Westminster elections the parish forms part of the North West Norfolk constituency, represented by Henry Bellingham (Conservative).

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer Map 236” – King's Lynn, Downham Market & Swaffham. ISBN 0-319-23808-3
  2. ^ County A to Z Atlas, Street & Road maps Norfolk, page 230 ISBN 978-1-84348-614-5
  3. ^ A Popular Guide to Norfolk Place-names: by James Rye: Published by Larks press, Dereham, Norfolk, 2000 ; ISBN 0-948400-15-3
  4. ^ The Domesday Book, England's Heritage, Then and Now, (Editor: Thomas Hinde), Norfolk, page 192, North runcton, ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  5. ^ The Normans in Norfolk, By Sue Margeson, Fabienne Seillier and Andrew Rogerson, Pub:1994, Page 21, ISBN 0-903101-62-9
  6. ^ The King's England series, NORFOLK, by Arthur Mee,Pub:Hodder and Stoughton,1972, page 180 North Runcton, ISBN 0-340-15061-0
  7. ^ Norfolk 2: Norfolk: North-west and South, By Nikolaus Pevsner and Bill Wilson, North Runcton entry. 0-300-09657-7
  8. ^ [1] church image and description
  9. ^ Archer, Mary D. (2005). The 1702 chair of chemistry at Cambridge: transformation and change. Christopher D. Haley. p. 318. Retrieved March 2010.