North Santiam River
|North Santiam River|
North Santiam River at Niagara County Park
|Name origin: Kalapuya tribe that lived near the river until removal to the Grande Ronde Reservation|
|County||Linn and Marion|
|- location||Cascade Range, Mount Jefferson Wilderness, Linn County, Oregon|
|- elevation||5,133 ft (1,565 m) |
|- location||Willamette Valley, Marion County, Oregon|
|- elevation||217 ft (66 m) |
|Length||92 mi (148 km) |
|Basin||766 sq mi (1,984 km2) |
|Discharge||for Mehama, 38.7 miles (62.3 km) from the mouth|
|- average||3,371 cu ft/s (95 m3/s)|
|- max||76,600 cu ft/s (2,169 m3/s)|
|- min||420 cu ft/s (12 m3/s)|
|Wikimedia Commons: North Santiam River|
The North Santiam River is a 92-mile (148 km) tributary of the Santiam River in western Oregon in the United States. It drains 766 square miles (1,980 km2) of the Cascade Range on the eastern side of the Willamette Valley east of Salem.
It rises in the high Cascades in eastern Linn county, northwest of Three Fingered Jack in the Willamette National Forest. It flows north through the mountains past Marion Forks, receiving the drainage from the western slope of Mount Jefferson. Near Mount Jefferson it turns sharply west, descending through a canyon past Idanha and Detroit to Niagara County Park where the valley begins to widen and some agriculture use begins. Continuing west, the river flows past Gates, Mill City and Mehama. It emerges through the foothills into the Willamette Valley near Stayton, then flows 15 miles (24 km) southwest through the valley where it joins the South Santiam River to form the Santiam River. The confluence is approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of the confluence of the Santiam and the Willamette River.
In the 19th century, the canyon of the North Santiam River provided a formidable obstacle to settlers. The construction of a railroad in 1887 opened up the canyon to settlement and logging of the surrounding mountains.
Blocked by Big Cliff Dam near Mill City, the lower North Santiam River supports spring chinook salmon and summer steelhead. In the reaches upstream of the dam, the river is managed mainly as a stocked-trout fishery. Near the stream's source at Santiam Lake in the Mount Jefferson Wilderness, native cutthroat trout, rainbow trout, and brook trout are also found.
The headwaters of Marion Creek, a tributary of the North Santiam River, originate at Marion Lake, which is a location of many wildlife species. This headwaters area is a breeding location for amphibians including the rough-skinned newt.
- McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003). Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 848. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.
- Google Earth elevation for GNIS coordinates
- "North Santiam River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
- "The Watershed". North Santiam Watershed Council. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
- Shewey, John (2007). Complete Angler's Guide to Oregon. Belgrade, Montana: Wilderness Adventures Press. pp. 183–86. ISBN 978-1-932098-31-0.
- Hogan, C. Michael (2008). "Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa)". Globaltwitcher.
- "Current Water Source". City of Salem. Retrieved 2011-02-28.